Tewa Ethnobiology

February 24, 2009

Small mammals

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           Ortiz, Handbook, Vol. 9, pp. 79-119; 163-179



               Pages 12-23


 read: pp. 35-62




This is an important internet source .  It gives the basic biological background for each animal and is a starting point for many questions that you want to answer.


                LECTURE NOTES



BIRDS, Again


Turkey – wild and domesticated

1.      Feathers

2.      Blankets

3.      Food – cut marks on bone show butchering

4.      Jewelry

5.      Tools


Classifications of Birds – see February 12 handout






Gopher                 chugí          eat


Coyote                     dáy, osáy wØä    stories


Dog                   tséh

 Curly dog              tsini; chino (Sp)


Wolf                   khüüyó         eat?, quivers


Prairie dog              kée            eat


Badger                     k’é¶yá          ceremonial, stories


Chipmunk               k’uwíyéh        eat      


Spotted ground squirrel     páy\a          eat          


Thirteen-lined ground squirrel páy\a          eat 


Jackrabbit               kw’án          eat


Cottontail rabbit          puu           eat


Beaver                      oyo      eat, esp. tail, ornaments, costumes


Red fox                popóvi dáy      dance costume

  “blue fox”                 day tsa wa


Gray fox               akon day; homa’tugáy    dance costume


Muskrat                p’owh㶠       eat


Otter                  p’oe khäyó      ornaments


Mink                  p’oe tséh       ornaments


Porcupine               son           quills: needles, embroidery

    p’o=guard hairs



Raccoon                p’oe múusa


Tassel-eared squirrel (tree)       sضwØ          eat


Rock squirrel (ground)      kwayo, ts’e tha (SC)    eat


Skunk                  sÐã   hunt winter, dance costume, medicine


Bobcat                 t’owá múusa, khan ts’e, han ts’e (SC) 

eat, quivers, clothing, costumes

Deer mouse             wîn; ratones (Sp)  eat


Packrat, wood rat         whän          eat


Ground squirrel           whØ­yó        eat


Weasel                     yáy, jáy (SC)             costume, clothing


Ringtail                kwa wØän          


Bat (a bird in Tewa)      síphêe;  ratones voladores (Sp)



Reading Assignment

February 26, 2008


Large Mammals







Pages: 24-32




Read about Spanish introduction of new domesticated animals to the Pueblos