February 17, 2009

Birds


 

Read:

http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC00987014&id=oZeaQoPbwoYC&pg=PT1&lpg=PT1&dq=harrington+ethnozoology&as_brr=1

  Pages: 33-46

 

http://gbbc.birdsource.org/gbbcApps/report?cmd=showReport&reportName=CitySummary&city=Espanola&state=US-NM&year=2006

     Read this list of birds. Can you tell when the survey was taken? Are the bluebirds and robins flocking?

                                     What else can you learn by reading the list?

 

                                                                 

                                                        Lecture Outline< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" prefix="o" namespace="">

 

BIRDS                     TSÍDÉH

 

Naming Birds

  1. Habitat
  2. Appearance
  3. Color
  4. Call
  5. Behavior
  6. Use

 

WINTER FOOD BIRDS

CATCHING BIRDS    Bluebird trap      say phay

 

Mountain bluebird            say (OO,T,SC)    eat, feathers, medicine

 

Western bluebird             wän say         eat, feathers, medicine

 

Robin                    sayy­­               eat

 

Horned lark                phon tsí\éh, khoi (SC)             eat

 

Junco                    tsi k’eh phen(SC), “tsi,” pohn tsí\éh(T) eat

 

Western morning dove        k'o¶wee (OO,SC,T)      eat

    

MIGRATORY FOOD BIRDS

Sandhill crane              puugâa , grulla (Sp)      eat

 

Canada goose                   kããgee (OO,T), mhan pah(T)    eat, fletching

                        p’oekayp,in (SC)   ceremonial; fall to spring

Duck - mallard             ovín, tuãã        eat, feathers, fletching

 

  Bluewinged teal             “ (SC,T)      eat, feathers, fletching

 

  Green-winged teal              sapo ovín        eat, feathers, fletching

 

  Cinnamon teal              “ (SC)        eat, feathers,fletching

 

  Canvasback               phu wi¶ (SC)         eat, feathers,fletching

 

  Pintail duck               nããwadee       eat, feathers, fletching

 

  Common merganser         pãã ko’e, ovín (T) eat, feathers

 

  Redhead duck            ovín (T)         eat, feathers

 

  Wood duck              ovín (T)         eat, feathers

 

FIELD/PRAIRIE

Meadowlark                ogúyáa, p’oe ts’áyyi¶ (SC)

 

Spotted towhee                  ??

 

Flicker                    phí¶ôe (OO,T)

 

Woodpecker                tay pópó, phí¶kôe (SC)

 

Hairy woodpecker            kh³ü phí¶kôe (SC)

 

Lewis woodpecker           ts’ey kw'ض®­  ?  enemy stored corn

 

Sparrow - all               ts'†¶ (SC,OO)

 

 

 

 

 

 

NIGHT BIRDS

Nighthawk                 agápØ­ (OO,SC,T)

 

Owl – great horned           mahåü (OO,T)

 

Burrowing owl              kée-mahåü

 

Screech owl                phiuu (SC)

 

CARRION (INEDIBLE) BIRDS

Turkey buzzard (vulture)       kaawoe, (OO,T) oekãw­(SC) fletching

 

Magpie                   kw'ض®­ (OO,SC,T)      feathers

 

Crow, raven                odo (OO,T)      enemy of corn

 

 

 

SHORE/SWAMP BIRDS (River/Ditch)

Redwinged blackbird              a¶y³¶ây          eat

 

Yellow-headed blackbird       ‘angãã, anuk’etsaychi (?) (SC)   eat

 

Great blue heron            p'oekepeen (OO), p’oekepe(T)   fletching

 

Greater yellowlegs            p'oteyée         eat

 

Bonaparte’s gull             p’oedee         eat

 

Belted kingfisher            p'tsí\éh, paaki ovín

 

Sandpipers                 p’oe then (SC)

 

Killdeer                   p’oe tay dje (SC), p’oe tayee (T)

 

Wilson’s snipe              p’oe tey’e                 eat

 

Brown-headed cowbird             ??

 

Dipper                        ??

 

OPEN WATER BIRDS

American coot              awha wä (SC), ovín (T)       eat

 

BOSQUE- COTTONWOOD BIRDS

Swallow (barn)              yØhwhó\éh (OO), kwØ­ weye¶

 

Say’s phoebe               p’oe jung (SC)    eat, feathers

 

Kingbird                  si han (SC)

 

Lazuli bunting              h³ü ts'†¶ (SC)     eat

 

Summer tanager             hon tsí\éh       feathers

 

Hepatic tanager              h³ütsí\éh

 

Warblers                  kaa-tsí\éh, p'o¶yún (t) feathers, eat

 

Yellow breasted chat          p’oe jung (SC)    eat, feathers

 

American goldfinch           kaa tsí\éh        eat, feathers

 

Chickadee                 ko¶êe

 

Wren                     k'a\awØ­, sawa dee (SC)

             

Scott oriole                tay tsay (OO), h³ü tay tsay    eat, feathers

 

Bullock oriole              tay tsay (OO, SC)           eat, feathers

 

 

 

HILL/MOUNTAIN BIRDS

Turkey                   p'in dee         eat, feathers

 

Roadrunner                 ogowée         feathers, legends

 

Band-tailed pigeon           p’in paloma (SC)       eat

 

Blue grosbeak              wän say (SC)

 

Black-headed grosbeak         shusey’aphää

 

Western tanager             phaa tsí\éh, h³ütay tsay p’o pi¶i (SC) feathers

                                           Returns in April

 

Red crossbill               p’in tsí\éh (SC)

 

Dusky grouse               shØ­           eat, feathers

 

Sage grouse                t’óedee          eat, feathers; large; roast

                                        with sage leaves in cavity

 

Quail (scaled)              t’oe’ee, tÐtР      eat

 

Gambel’s quail              tÐtР           eat; recent in Espanola

 

Bluejay (scrub jay)           ts'ay kw'­¶®­ (OO,SC), tsagan (T)

 

Pinyon jay               t’oeä (SC), ka’aii (T) pinyonero (Sp) enemy

                                        of corn                           feathers, eat in past

Stellars jay               ts’ey kw'ض®­ (SC,T)    feathers, eat in past

                                         Enemy of corn

Nutcracker                 t'ohtay

 

Cedar waxwing             wän tsí\éh

 

Bushtit                        ?

 

White-breasted nuthatch

 

Sky/Heaven - HUNTING BIRDS

Hawk - Swainson’s hawk      chüügØ­; gavilan (Sp)     summer only

 

Red-tailed hawk             whضp'êe         feathers, fletching

 

Cooper’s hawk              whضphuu (SC), cola pinta (Sp)  fletching

 

Sharp shinned hawk          whضphuu (SC)    fletching

 

Sparrow hawk              t'in (OO,T)       fletching

 

Peregrine falcon             púuhey               fletching

 

Northern harrier             pu tsØ­toh (T)    fletching

 

Osprey                        ??

 

 

 

 

 

“PUBLIC” RITUAL BIRDS

Parrot, macaw              tay†¶            feathers, ideology, whistle

 

 Macaw              tañï   guacamayo (Sp)   feathers, ideology, whistle

 

Eagle (golden)              tsay, tse’phéndi¶             feathers

 

Bald eagle                 p'oe tsay, tsay ts’­­(OO,SC,T) feathers

 

Hummingbird (rufous, black chinned)   than khohay, kohay

 

     Rufous hummingbird          than khohay           ritual, sign

     Broad tail hummingbird   khohay (T)

 

SIGNS IN NATURE

Bank swallow               karawØ­ (OO),    feathers,sign; don’t plant

                                   before arrives

Barn swallow                             all planting done when

                                        arrives

 

Catbird                   okhúá tsí\éh      sign  related to rain

 

Mocking bird               yún tsí\éh       pets (SC), legends

May and June predicts rain

 

INTRODUCED BIRDS (i)

Chicken (i)                dee; gallina (Sp)        eat, eggs, feathers

   Rooster                     gallo (Sp)

 

Canary (i)                 kaa-tsí\éh, ts'áyyi¶-tsí\éh

 

Goose (domestic)            kããgee               eat

 

Pigeon (i)                 paloma; paloma (Sp)

 

Peacock (i)                pabo\eal; pavo real (Sp)

 

Ring-necked pheasant (i-1929)   whenso¶on                 eat

 

House sparrow (i-1886)        weewee

House finch (i)             deewee (SC), weewee (SC), saato’e (T)

 

Snowy egret (i)             p’oekepe

 

Starling (i)                     ??

 

CLASSIFICATION OF BIRDS

Sun birds – hummingbirds, parrot, macaw

Skybirds – eagle, hawk, “knifewing”

War birds – eagle, roadrunner,flicker, woodpecker, jays, nuthatch, canyon wren

Hunter bird – eagle, hawk, facon

Earth bird – turkeWater birds – ducks, snipes, killdeer, crane

Summer birds – warble, meadowlark, orioles

Winter birds – horned lark, junco, bluebirds

Night birds – nighthawk, owls

Mesenger birds – shrikes, mocking bird, eagles

Death birds – vulture, catbird, owl

 

 

Reading Assignment for February 24

http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC00987014&id=oZeaQoPbwoYC&pg=PT1&lpg=PT1&dq=harrington+ethnozoology&as_brr=1

   Pages 12-23

http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs/rmrs_gtr135_2/rmrs_gtr135_2_035_070.pdf

 read: pp. 35-62

 

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html