April 28, 2009 Spanish and Anglo Agricultural Plants
 

Read:

 

http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC00987029&id=xUI-JPsYqSAC&pg=PT6&lpg=PT6&dq=tewa+ethnobotany&as_brr=1

 

Pages:107-118.

 

Spanish and Anglo Introduced Crops< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" prefix="o" namespace="">

April 21, 2007

 

New Agricultural Techniques

Animal Husbandry

Plow

Garden Agriculture

Fenced fields

New Crops

Orchards

 

Spanish Contact Crops (date of introduction)

Field

Maíz de Ocho (8-row corn from < xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" prefix="st1" namespace="">Chihuahua)  (<1630)

Spring wheat  (<1630)  tátР                trigo  Sp.

   Wheat flour                           tátÐ khän

   Oven bread                           pává, pân

   Bread pudding                       pâns­­

Barley  (<1630)                        tátÐphó¶in             cebada Sp.

Oats    (<1800)                        abena                avena  Sp.

Rye   (>1800)

Watermelon  (<1630)               sandíya              sandía  Sp.

Muskmelon   (<1630)               benûndeh             melon  Sp.

Lentils  (<1630)                      túk’Ðphêe             lentiya Sp.

Chickpeas  (<1630)                 túwh¼ndi¶             garbanzos Sp.

Broad bean     (<1630) blck-eyed bean             haba  Sp.

Vetch    (<1630)

Peas     (<1630)                       túts’ánbây              arvejon  Sp.

Stringbeans                               túwhí

#Potatoes                                 s¼gobáy              papa  Sp.

Alfalfa                                      alphalphá             alfalfa  Sp.

Sorghum   (>1800)                            

#Tobacco – (<1630)     Nicotiana rustica     saa                     punche Sp.

#Tobacco – (>1800)     Nicotiana tabacum     saa                  tabac  Sp.

 

Precontact

Lima bean                                túhe¶enin             lima  Sp.

moschata  Squash                     poe

 

Garden

#Chili   (<1630)                        tsîndi, tsi\í            chile Sp.

Onions (<1630)                      sêe                 cebolla Sp.

Garlic   (<1630)                       asuu                ajo Sp.

#Tomato  (<1800)                    tsígó¶ótheh            tomate Sp.

Carrots   (<1630)                     púuts’áyyi¶            zanahoria Sp.

Lettuce   (<1630)                     letchugá             lechuga  Sp.

Artichoke   (<1630)                                                                 alcachofa Sp.

Cucumber   (<1630)       benundi¶e             pepino Sp.    

Turnip              (<1630)           putsae’in             nabo  Sp.

Spinach            (<1800)           Phé¶yØvi tsÐãwضi        espinaca Sp.

Celery                                      apiú                apio Sp.

Radish     (<1630)                    pusaa’in              rábano Sp.

Turnip              (<1630)           putsae’in             nabo  Sp.

Cabbage  (<1630)                    kôeleh               col Sp.

Beet     (<1800)                       pup’i’in, púup’        remolacha Sp.

Coriander  (<1630)                                                                  cilantro  Sp. 

Cumin              (<1630)

Spearment     (<1800)              yerba wena          yerba buena Sp.

Field mint      (<1800)               süts’‚égi               poleo Sp.

Black mustard   1800)                                                               mostaza  Sp.

Saffron        (1800)                                                                   azafrán  Sp.

Anise       (<1800)                                                                    anis  Sp.

Chicory   (>1800)                                                                    achicoria  Sp.

 

Orchard

Peaches   (<1630)                                bay phó¶i¶       Durazno  Sp.

Apricot    (<1630)                                avakóki        albaricoque Sp.

Cherry     (<1630)                                se\âysa          cereza Sp.

Plum      (<1630)                                  p’inbay          ciruela  Sp.

   Prune                                                P’inbay t’aa

Grape     (<1630)                                 úuva           uva  Sp.

Mulberry   (<1630)                                                                  mora Sp.

Apple   (<1630)                       bay                 manzana Sp.

   Early apple                            sänkw’an bay

Pear     (<1800)                       pây\a               pera Sp.

Quince  (<1800)                       bay¶oyohe¶in           membrilla  Sp.

Mulberry                                   ph鶶                mora  Sp.

 

Anglo Introduced Crops

Field

#Pinto bean                                                frijol  Sp.

#Hubbard Squash                     poewØ­¶e

#Patty pan squash                     poe ts’ضi¶

#Field pumpkin                         poe                 calabaza Sp.

Cane sugar                               kaña                             caña, caña ducle Sp.

 

Garden

#Purple dye sunflower  anyi¶                añil       Sp.

Asparagas                                aspa\agú                                             espárrago Sp.

Eggplant                                   wáapay              berengena Sp.

Rhubarb                                   patel phé¶yØvi      ruibarba Sp.

Sugar beet                                pu ts’ضi¶        betavel de azucar Sp.

Parsnip                         phé¶yØvi ts’ضi¶         chirivía Sp.

Cauliflower                               kolep’lo\             coliflor Sp.

 

Orchard

Apple varieties              bay                 manzana Sp.

 

“Weeds” – source

#Purslane         (Mexico)     Verde largas

Bindweed         (Eurasia)

Dandelion         (Europe)

Horehound       (Spain)             Marrubiumvulgare

Goat’s head      (Spain)

Puncturevine   (Spain)

Teasel              (Europe)

Plantain            (Spain)     Plantago major

Tumbleweed     (Asia)

Malva               (Spain)                                   malba            malva Sp.

Sow-thistle       (Spain)             (Sonchus)

Common burdock  (Spain)

Thistle              (Spain)

#Prostrate pigweed (Mexico)  Amaranthus blitoides

#Pigweed          (Mexico)         Amaranthus retroflexus

Oxeye daisy     (Eurasia)

Tansy               (Spain)

Salsifly  (Spain)

Wild mustard    (Spain)

Tumble mustard  (Spain)

Shephard’s-purse (Spain)

Pepperweed     (Spain)

Marijuana        (Asia-Spain-US teenagers)

Kochia             (Spain)

Mullein (Spain)                                                 candalaria Sp.

Yellow sweetclover  (Spain)

Brome-grass     (Europe)

Johnson-grass  (Spain)

Dock/sorrel      (Spain)

 

 

 

Plains Indians

Peyote              Lophophora williamsii                                                peyote  Sp.

Red bean          Sophora secundiflora              tupi¶i¶           colorines Sp.

 

Mercado (Commercial) Plants

          Coffee                                      phénp’oe                  café   Sp.

            Tea                                          tây                      te     Sp.

            Almond                                    t’oh                      almendra Sp.

            Coconuts                                  kokó                     coco Sp.

            Peanut                                      me\ikanút’oh               cacahuate Sp.

            Banana                                     banana                    banana Sp.

            Olive                                        oliba                     oliva Sp.

            White sugar                              жi¶                      azúcar  Sp.

            Rice                                         tátÐts’­¶i                   arroz Sp.       Orange                                     na\anhá                   naranja Sp.

            Lemon                                      limon                    limon  Sp.

 

References:

William W. Dunmire (2004) Gardens of New Spain, How Mediterranean

       Plants and Foods Changed America. University of Texas Press, Austin.

 

Tom D. Whitson, Editor (2001) Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed

                    Science, CA

 

Juan Estevan Arellano (2006) Ancient Agriculture, Roots and Applications of

                    Sustainable Farming. Ancient City Press, Santa Fe.