Current Strategies to Prevent Teen Pregnancy

         Primary Prevention                               Secondary Prevention                               Tertiary Prevention
 Primary prevention related to teenage pregnancy is aimed at postponing first intercourse. Its focus is to educate and empower teens. We can utilize primary prevention by empowering teens to prevent pregnancy by educating them on risks and consequences of sex (i.e.: pregnancy and STD’s). We empower teenagers to prevent pregnancy by making contraceptives and emergency contraception easily available (Jewkes, Morrell, Christofides, 2009, p. 8).
“Access to information is crucial for young people who want to prevent pregnancies” (Jewkes et al., 2009, p.8).
Parents should also communicate to their teenage children about sex. Key words are support and openness (Jewkes et al., 2009, p. 8). “Parental involvement in prevention programs may reduce teenage pregnancy” (Manlove, Logan, Moore & Ikramullah, 2008, p.1).
 Secondary prevention programs aims are to encourage teens to use contraceptives consistently and to detect pregnancy early through pregnancy tests (Manlove et al., 2008).
Secondary prevention is providing services for early detection of teen pregnancy, early prenatal care and support to prepare teens for becoming a parent (Nies & McEwen, 2011, p. 309).
Tertiary prevention is to counsel teens about available options including keeping the baby, adoption and abortion.
 Tertiary prevention is to start programs that prevent future unwanted pregnancies among teens and help parenting teens give the best care to their child (Nies & McEwen, 2011, p. 309).  According to Nies & McEwen (2011), some strategies include: parenting classes, services to help teens complete their education, well child care, nutrition and immunization services.