About Education

K–12 education is a term used in many countries (e.g., Australia,  Afghanistan,  Canada, Egypt, India, Iran, Philippines, South Korea,Turkey, USA) to describe levels of schooling from Kindergarten (K) to year twelve (12). The term P-12, which also includes pre-school education, is also used in Australia and the USA (Wikipedia, 2017).

"If we want to understand why standard schools are what they are, we have to abandon the idea that they are products of logical necessity or scientific insight. They are, instead, products of history. Schooling, as it exists today, only makes sense if we view it from a historical perspective" (Gray, 2008, ¶2).
A brief history of education
  • Hunter-gather era: Knowledge and skill intensive. Children learned through play and exploration
  • Agricultural era: Labour intensive. Children worked in the fields or at home to help support the family
  • Industrial era: Labour intensive
    • 1st industrial revolution 1784: Steam, water, mechanical production equipment. Children worked long hours and education was about making them obedient workers
    • 2nd industrial revolution 1870: Division of labour, electricity, mass production. Education focused on forced repetition and testing
  • Information era: Knowledge and skill intensive. Again, children are being encouraged to learn through play and exploration
    • 3rd industrial revolution 1969: Electronics, IT automated production (Digital revolution) 
    • 4th industrial revolution? Cyber-physical systems (evolving at an exponential pace) (Gray, 2008Schwab, 2016Wikipedia, 2016)

Transforming education

Many educators are pushing to reform the current educational system which was designed to meet the needs of the Industrial era as they believe it no longer meets the needs of our global fast-paced modern world.

Sir Ken Robinson

"Success in school and in life depends on more than academic ability alone. Rigorous longitudinal research has demonstrated that specific intrapersonal and interpersonal competencies - such as growth mindset, self-management, and social skills - have a significant impact on students' academic performance and persistence in school, as well as their lifelong health, wealth, and well-being" (Transformng Education, 2016, ¶2).

In the video (right) Sir Ken Robinson shares his thoughts for the Atlantic Rim Collaboratory Inaugural Summit (14-15 September 2016) about how education needs a "big climate shift" to make the most of our natural resources. He believes this shift needs to come from both "the ground up" and the "top down".

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John Spencer - The Future of Education ‎

John Spencer explains his view on how teachers have the POWER to transform education Video: The future of education, and Blog post: The future of education is unstructured learning and here's why (GDC Team, 2017) 

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