Aquatic Invertebrates

Many homeschoolers and quite a few elementary school teachers feel unprepared to teach science.  I believe that this is in large part because they have no idea where to obtain the materials necessary to teach labs.  I have dealt with two very large companies, who although their primary purpose is to supply schools, will sell to individuals.  However, neither one will sell either chemicals or live bacteria and viruses.  These two are:  Ward Science Supplies and Carolina Biological.  Don't be fooled by the name.  Both sell materials to teach:  biology, geology, meteorology, astronomy, chemistry, and physics from kindergarten through graduate school.  A third company, Home Science Tools, sells primarily to homeschoolers.  They will provide chemicals in the very small quantities that a homeschooler would wish.

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REFERENCE INFORMATION FOR TEACHERS:

There are several phyla (groups) of invertebrates. This page is devoted to those phyla which are primarily, but not exclusively, aquatic.

Phylum Porifera - Sponges

Phylum Cnidaria (Coelenterata) - Jellyfish, Sea Anemones, Corals, and the freshwater Hydra. These animals all have stinging cells which they use to incapacitate their prey.

Pylum Mollusca (Mollusks) has 3 Classes (subgroups)

   Gastropods - Snails and Slugs (aquatic or terrestrial)

   Cephalopods - Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish, and Chambered Nautilus

   Bivalves - Oysters, Clams, Mussels, and Scallops (All have 2 shells with a hinge.)

Phylum Arthropoda - 5 Classes (only 2 represented here)

   Crustaceans - Lobster, Shrimp, and Crab

   Arachnids (Spiders) - Also Horseshoe Crab

Phylum Echinodermata - Spiny Skinned Animals - Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, Sea Cucumbers, Brittle Stars, Sand Dollars

BOOKS:

Look Inside the Ocean from Grosset and Dunlap Pub.

Walkabout Seashore by Harry Pluckrose - about the beach and tidal pools

Look Closer: Tide Pool by Christiane Gunzi (DK Pub.)

Sponges by Jody Sullivan

Sea Anemones by Lola M. Schaefer

Sea Anemones by Jody Sullivan

Jenny Jellyfish, A Tale of Wiggly Jellies by Suzanne Tate

Jellyfish by Martha E. H. Rustad

Coral Reef by Mary Reid

Corals by Lola M. Schaefer

Magic School Bus Takes a Dive: A Book about Coral Reefs by Joanna Cole

What Lives in a Shell? by Kathleen Weidner Zoehfeld

Are You a Snail? by Judy Allen and Tudor Humphries

Snails by Monica Hughes

Snails by Peter Murray

Snail by Karen Hurtley

Sea Slugs by Valerie J. Weber

Slimy Sea Slugs by Natalie Lunis

Slugs by Anthony D. Fredericks

Octopuses, Squids, and Cuttlefish by Trudi Strain Trueit

Oozy Octopus, A Tale of a Clever Critter by Suzanne Tate

Squids by Jody Sullivan Rake

Giant Squid, Mystery of the Deep by Jennifer Dussling

Skippy Scallop, A Tale of Bright Blue Eyes by Suzanne Tate

Clams all Year by Maryann C. Leffler

Clam I Am! All About the Beach by Tish Rabe

Pearlie Oyster, A Tale of an Amazing Oyster by Suzanne Tate

Mussels: Hard-shelled mollusks by Andreu Llamas

A House for a Hermit Crab by Eric Carle

Crabby and Nabby, A Tale of Two Blue Crabs by Suzanne Tate

Crabs by Jody Sullivan Rake

Sammy Shrimp, A Tale of a Little Shrimp by Suzanne Tate

Lindie Lobster, A Tale of Big Claws by Suzanne Tate (Maine Lobster)

Lobsters by Jody Sullivan Rake

Harry Horseshoe Crab, A Tale of Crawly Creatures by Suzanne Tate

Spiny Sea Star, A Tale of Seeing Stars by Suzanne Tate

Sea Stars by Jody Sullivan

Sea Urchins by Lola M. Schaefer

Crabby's Water Wish, A Tale of Saving Sea Life by Suzanne Tate

Golden Guide to Seashore Life by Herbert S. Zim and Lester Ingle

Golden Guide to Seashells of the World by R. Tucker Abbott

The Magic School Bus:  On the Ocean Floor by Joanna Cole

MORE:

Do your children have a sea shell collection? Have they been to the beach to look for sea shells, horseshoe crabs, and other things? Have you considered a visit to an aquarium? Each aquarium, like each zoo, has its own specialties. The Waikiki Aquarium has a breeding program for the chambered nautilus (a relative of octopus and squid). The Monterey Bay Aquarium was constructed within an old sardine cannery. Walls were extended out into the bay to capture a kelp bed. This aquarium also has a wonderful exhibit of moray eels. The National Aquarium in Baltimore has a shark tank and a dolphin show. Baltimore also has a touch tank. Don't worry. A docent protects the animals and children from each other. The Shedd Aquarium in Chicago has white beluga whales.

Directory of Public Aquariums in the USA   

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