Ms. Amy Kappadia
Class: 722 Irwin Altman Middle School 172
Goal: To learn how to use commas in a sentence.
Charts will be on BB.
Standards: Students will read, write, listen, and speak for information, and understanding.
Shared Writing (12-15 min):
Say: We’re going to learn the first 5 rules on how to use a comma in a sentence. (Remember to speak up).
Read rules on chart:
· 1st rule: follow exclamatory words at the beginning of a sentence with a comma.
Exclamatory phrases: words used to show a feeling (surprise, anger, disappointment)
Ex: Wow, it is beautiful outside!
Ex: Oh no, I left my keys in the car!
Ask students to come up with more examples (Hey, wait for me! Actually, I’m going to go home.)
· 2nd rule: Use a comma after an introductory phrase
Introductory phrase: A sentence can stand alone without an introductory phrase. The introductory phrase gives more information about the subject of a sentence.
Q: What is the subject of a sentence? Ex: (blank) walked up the stairs.
Ex: During the break, (blank) got up to use the bathroom.
Ex: After school, (blank) took the bus home.
Ask students to come up with more examples.
· 3rd rule: Use a comma before and after a word that renames or gives more information about a noun.
When you rename something, you usually rename a noun using a proper noun or vice versa.
Ex: My doctor, Mr. Burns, scheduled an appointment for Friday at 3 o’clock.
Or you could say: Mr Burns, my doctor, scheduled an appointment for Friday at 3 o’clock.
A sentence that gives more information about a noun can still be a complete sentence without the information.
Ex: (blank’s) shoes, old and worn, needed to be replaced.
If I take out the words “old and worn” this is still a complete sentence.
· 4th rule: use a comma to separate a direct quotation from the person who is speaking.
(blank) said, “I enjoyed the movie.”
“I thought it was boring,” replied (blank).
Punctuation marks go inside the quotation in a direct quote.
· 5th rule: use a comma before and after a word or words that interrupt the main idea.
The main idea tells you what the sentence is about.
Ms. Dalal called her friend.
Ms.Dalal, while cooking, called her friend.
This is the overall rule for commas. The words in between the commas are not necessary to make the sentence; if you look at rule three, the sentence can stand alone, without the words between the comma. The same goes for sentences with exclamatory and introductory phrases; they can stand alone without the phrases.
Poetry books, however, belong on the top shelf.
Fiction , on the other hand, should be on 2nd shelf to the left.
Independent writing (5-7 mins):
(3-4 min)Take out your notebooks and correct the errors for questions 2-10. Write the reason you added the comma. For example: While walking home, I noticed a new restaurant that just opened. I put the comma after “home” because while walking home is an introductory phrase.
Make sure to write the word/phrase before/after the comma depending on the question.
Walk around the class: Help students who have questions; look over their work to make sure they are following instructions.
Go over answers with each other. Talk in pairs. (1-2 min)
Correct errors in paragraph one in your notebook (3-4).
Share Answers (5-7 min):
Go over answers by reading each sentence aloud (LOUD). Wait 10 sec before calling on a person. Ask the reason after they answer. You put the comma there to…
If time repeat for paragraph two and three.
Summary (5-7 min):
Q: What was the first rule we learned about the comma?
Wait 10 seconds before calling student
(We follow exclamatory words with a comma)
What was another rule we learned?
(use a comma after and introductory phrase)
What was the third rule?
(Put a comma before and after words that rename or give more info about a quote).
What is an example of renaming?
(Ms. Dalal, my teacher, gave a test today.)
What is the rule for a direct quote?
(use comma to separate sentence from direct quote. Put punctuation marks inside quotation.)
What did we learn about words that interrupt the main idea?