2. Science Literacy
Abstract: It is frequently said that achieving science literacy isthe main goal of science education. This is a laudable goal.Unfortunately, science literacy has been deﬁned in a multitude of ways and, therefore, it is difﬁcult to determine what it is that teachers are to achieve. A concise, mutually agreeable deﬁnitionof science literacy has been an objective for many scientists,educators, and philosophers for the better part of the 20thcentury, and only recently has there been some degree ofconvergence in their thinking. Over the past three decades, using working definitions, science-teaching standards have emerged and continue to do so. Today we are now seeing the emergence of Common Core Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards, both of which are a new attempt at defining a national level of basic skills and science understanding necessary for future student success in careers and active citizenship.