Annotated Bibliographies

How do I summarize research articles in a way that will help me to create a well-written literature review?

  • The learner will demonstrate competency in annotated bibliography writing by reading and evaluating articles followed by writing detailed and short form annotated bibliographies using an article synthesis scaffold

Annotated Bibliographies [AB] are the summaries and/or evaluations we construct as we review, synthesize, and highlight relevant quotes from individual sources that relate to the research topic, problem or issue. ABs constitute the elements in the formal literature review

Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research. It encourages you to think critically about the content of the works you are using, their place within a field of study, and their relation to your own research and ideas [e.g. situates your work in a continuing professional conversation]. It also proves that you have read and understood your sources. Finally it helps others to decide whether it is a source that would be helpful to their research if they read it []

As you will see in the references below there are a number of different ways to approach annotated bibliography writing. OWL, for example states "depending on the purpose of your bibliography, some annotations may summarize, some may assess or evaluate a source, and some may reflect on the source’s possible uses for the project at hand. Some annotations may address all three of these steps." 

For our purposes, this section has been designed for the less experienced AB writer who has yet to develop their own process that is gained with practice and experience in research. The scaffolded template below starts with a more in depth analysis of AB writing [long version] and ends with the creation of a synthesis [short version]. 

N.B. this example does not show the summary or quotes sections at the end. For examples of the short synthesis section [short AB version] see: APA Examples MLA Examples 

OWL Citation Chart: OWL Citation Chart

Some Additional Sources:
az boudreau,
Mar 21, 2014, 10:41 PM