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Major Points

Jing-Well Points

"The point at which the qi emanates is known as the jing-well."  The join well points are the first or last points on their respective channels.  With the exception of YongQuan Kidney-1, all are located on the tips of the fingers or toes.  According to the classical sources the jing-well points are indicated for:
  • Fullness below the heart
  • Diseases of the Yang
Deadman says this about the Jing-well points
  • They are used for clearing heat, restoring consciousness and rescuing collapse.
    • Except for GB-444, BL-67 and SJ-1, all indicated for disorders e.g. coma, fainting and collapse.  All 12 min combination may be bled for collapse from windstroke or high fever.  These actions reflect their particular dynamic action on the qi.
  • Treat the uppermost reashes of the channels.
    • Located at the extreme end of the channels, they are the main points to clear heat and fullness from the uppermost of the channel, particularly for acute conditions:
      • ShaoShang Lu-11 for acute sore throat, throat painful obstruction and mumps
      • ShangYang LI-1 for throat painful obstruction, deafness, tinnitus and toothache
      • LiDui St-45 for swelling of the face, toothache, lockjaw, throat painful obstruction, heat in the mouth, pain and redness of the eyes
      • ShaoChong Ht-9 for pain at the root of the tongue, swollen tongue, throat painful obstruction, heat in the mouth, pain and redness of the eyes.
      • ShaoZe SI-1 for headache, dizziness, red eyes, nosebleed, deafness, tinnitus, throat painful obstruction, curled tongue, stiff tongue, heat in the mouth, erosion of the mouth, mouth ulcers and drooling.
    • The most distal point on any chhannel is the strongest to clear excess and heat from the opposite end of the channel.  These points are not necessarily important for stiffness, pain and discomfort along the whole channel, so they are not excellent points for painful obstruction, atrophy or trama.  They do treat disorders of the zang.
  • Treat fullness below the Heart
    • This normally refers to the apex of the epigastrium.  Jing-well points are good for stagnation and fullness throughout the chest region.  Liao Run-hong suggest they treat Liver-qi stagnation.
    • ShaoShang Lu-11 for agitation of the heart with cough and dyspnea, fullness of the heart with sweating, fullness below the heart.
    • ShangYang LI-1 for qi fullness of the chest radiating to the lateral costal region, dyspnea and cough
    • LiDui St-45 for fullness and distention of the chest and abdomen
    • YinBai Sp-1 for heat in the chest, fullness of the chest, dyspnea and sighing
    • ShaoChong Ht-9 for Heart pain and pain of the chest and lateral costal region
    • ShaoZe SI-1 for cold sensation below the Heart, agitation with heart pain, oppression and pain of the chest and pain of the lateral costal region.
  • Treat disorders of the spirit
    • Indicated for various kinds of mania, insomnia, nightmares and somnolence

Ying-Spring Points

"The point at which the qi glides is known as the ying-spring."  The ying-spring points are all located on the hands or feet at the second or penultimate points of each channel.  Indicated for:

Clear Heat in the body

Clear heat from the respective zangfu or channel, especial from the uppermost portion of the channel.  Among the five shu points the reflect the closest correspondence of classical shu-point theory, five phase theory and clinical practice.  The ying-spring points of the yin channels belong to fire and those of the yang channels belong to water, and both may be reduced to clear heat and fire from the body.  Among the most important are these:
  • YuJi Lu-10 clears heat from the throat, clears dry heat from the Lung for cough (esp. when accompanied by bleeding) and chest pain and clears heat transmitted from the Lung to the stomach and heart.
  • ErJian LI-2 and NeiTing St-44 treat heat disorders affecting the upper portion of the channel in the face and heat
  • NeiTing St-44 clears heat and damp-heat from the intestines
  • DaDu Sp-2 clears heat and damp-heat from the Spleen, Stomach and intestines leading to diarrhea, constipation, vomiting and apigastric pain
  • ShaoFu Ht-8 treate Heart fire which transmits forst to SI and then to Bladder.

Treat changes in the complexion

Treat diseases of the Yang channels and diseases of the zang (with the shu-stream point)

Shu-Stream Points

The shu-stream points for the arm yin are located at the flexure of the wrist.  For all the other nine they arelocated procimal to the metacarpo-phalangeal or metatarso-phalangeal joints, except K-3 posterior to medial malleolus.  The shu-stream points of the yin channels are also the yuan-source points of their channels. 
The shu-stream points of the yin channels are different from the shu-stream points of the yang channels.
Indicated for:

Disorders of the Zang (yin)

Primary points for tonifying and harmonizing the respective zang, therefore potentially considered as the most important points on their channels.
  • TaiYuan Lu-9 essential point to tonify Lung Qi and Lung Yin
  • TaiBai Sp-3 to fortify Spleen Qi and Spleen Yang
  • ShenMen Ht-7 tonifies and nourishes the heart in all kinds of deficiency, blood, yin or yang.
"When the five zang are diseased, select the yuan-source points."

Disorders of the Yang Channels

  • SanJian LI-3 clears wind and heat from the head, throat, teeth, eyes and mouth
  • HouXi SI-3 refulates disorders of taijang channel and Governing Vessel

Heaviness of the body and pain in the joints

  • SanJian LI-3 and HouXi SI-3 are important points for disorders of the finger joints.
  • LI-3 further indicated for shoulder and back pain from chronic bi leading to exhaustion of qi and blood.
  • SI-3 important distal point for nexh, shoulder, elbod, lower back and knees.
  • St-43 aching due to wind, damp-heat bi.

Diseases manifesting intermittently

Jing-River Points

The point at which the qi flows is known as the jing-river.  The jing-river points are situated at or proximal to the wrist and ankle joints.

Cough and dyspnea, chills and fever

  • LingQu LU-8 cough, asthma, wheezing, dyspnea, febrile disease with abscence of sweating with absence of sweating, febvrile disease with breathlessness
  • YangXi LI-5 cold cough, fever with absence of sweating
  • JieXi St-41 febrile disease with absence of sweating, malarial disorders
  • ShangQiu Sp-5 Chills and fever with vomiting, coughing and diarrhea in children with no desire to eat, cough
  • SI-5, Febrile disease with abscence of sweating, chills and fever

Diseases manifesting in the patient's voice

  • LI-5 manic raving, propensity to laughter
  • St-41 Stomach heat with raving
  • Sp-5 Stiffness and pain at the root of the tongue, impaired speech, propensityy to laughter, cold body with much sighing
  • Ht-4 sudden loss of voice

Diseases of the sinews and bones

  • St-41 sinew painful obstruction, damp painful obstruction, atrophy disorder of the leg
  • Sp-5 pain and contracture of the sinews, bone painful obstruction, heavy body with painful joints
  • Ht-4 cold bones and marrow, clonix spasm.
  • SI-5 lockjaw, stiffness of the tongue in babies preventing suckling, clonix spasm

He-Sea points

"The point at which the qi enters inwards is known as the He-sea."  The he-sea points (he means 'to unite') of the channels are situated close to the elbow or knee.  In general they are useful for:

Counterflow qi and diarrhea,

Diseases of the stomach and disorders resulting from irregular eating and drinking

The He-sea points are among the most important for disorders of Stomach and Intestines.  This is because as the channels reach the knees and elbows their points have a corresponding great effect on the center of the body.
  • ChiZe, Lu-5 vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal distention, as the origin of the Lung Channel is in the middle jiao and the Lung is connected to the Large Intestine.
  • QuChi LI-11 distension and pain of the abdomen, comiting and diarrhea, dysenteric disorder
  • ZuSanLi St-36 #1 for harmonizing the Stomach and fortifying the spleen, indicated for every kind of St and Sp disease, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
  • YinLingQuan Sp-9 lack of appetite, diarrhea, dysentery-like disorders and sudden turmoil disorder from interior or exterior dampness
  • ShaoHai Ht-3 vomiting of foamy watery saliva
  • ShangJuXu St-37 essential point for regulating the intestines and clearing damp-heat, much used for all intestinal diseases
  • XiaJuXi St-39 same as St-37 but less used

Diseases of the fu

The He-sea points of the leg are most effective in treating general disorders of the fu.
  • YangLingQuan GB-34 and ZuSanLi St-36 are the most important points on their respective channels for treating disorders of their related Fu.
  • ShangJuXu St-37 is one of the most important distal points for treating disorders of the intestines.

diseases of the skin (yang he-sea points only)

Ma Dan-Yang Heavenly Star Points

Ma Danyang (originally named Ma Yu) was a famous Daoist (1). He was born around 1123 A.D. to a very wealthy family in Haining (Shandong Province), and as a young man developed talents in the fields of acupuncture and poetry. In fact, he is well known today for his poem (ode, song) about 12 acupuncture points, relayed in this article. Soon after marrying Sun Bu'er, he and his wife followed the Daoist Wang Chongyang (1113-1170). Wang was one of the leading Daoists of China, and wrote several important works, including the text Chongyang Zhenren Jinguan Yusuo Jue (Master Wang Chongyang's Instructions on the Golden Gate and Jade Lock) which described, among other things, visualizations of the world within the body as part of a meditation practice in cultivating qi. Ma and his wife built a Daoist retreat for Wang, gave up their extensive family property holdings, and became Daoist monks, living a simple and peaceful life. Eventually they separated in order to pursue their celibate meditative activities in solitude. Before his death, Wang conferred on Ma the secret method of the "Complete Perfection" (quanzhen). Ma practiced this and became known as one of the Perfect Ones Who Embrace Oneness. He was thus acknowledged as one of the "seven perfect ones of the north," as was his wife (see the Appendix). He had written two books: Shenguang Can (Brilliance of Divine Light) and Dongxuan Jinyu Ji (Gold and Jade Essays of the Pervasive Mystery). The name that he took, Danyang, translates as "Cinnabar Yang," meaning "Yang Elixir."

Ma Danyang had written an ode to 11 miraculous acupuncture points, which was published within the text of Jade Dragon Manual in 1329. A century later, Xu Feng (who is known for introducing the eight extraordinary meridians) added a 12th point and gave the ode the new name: Song of the Twelve Points Shining Bright as the Starry Sky and Able to Heal All the Many Diseases. This song was translated to English and published as an appendix to The Golden Needle and Other Odes of Traditional Acupuncture by Richard Bertschinger in 1991 (2). The original name of the 11 point song by Ma Danyang is instructive: Song of the Eleven Points Responding to the Stars in the Sky. It is likely that Ma was thinking not only of the wondrous nature of the points, later described as "shining bright as the starry sky," but also about the influence of the stars on the points, as part of the Daoist interpretation of acupuncture.

copied without permission from this article

Gao Wu Command Points

Four points for the treatment of "disorders of the abdomen. (Deadmen, 159)"
  • LU-07 (Lie Que) Broken Sequence
    Luo (Connecting) Point
    Confluent Point of the Conception Vessel
    Gao Wu Command Point, Ma Dan-yang Heavenly Star Point
  • LI-04 (He Gu) Union Valley
    Yuan (Source) Point
    Gao Wu Command Point, Ma Dan-yang Heavenly Star Point
  • ST-36 (Zu San Li) Leg Three Li
    He-Sea & Earth Point
    Gao Wu Command Point, Ma Dan-yang Heavenly Star Point, Point of the Sea of Water and Grain
  • BL-40 (Wei Zhong) Bend Middle
    He-Sea & Earth Point
    Gao Wu Command Point, Ma Dan-yang Heavenly Star Point

copied without permission from sacredlotus.com