Tissues of the Skeletal System:

Describe the tissue types present in the skeletal system along with their location and general function.

Identify the cellular and extracellular components of the bone tissue.

            Panopto on Skeletal System Tissues

Differentiate between compact and spongy bone.

Identify the internal structural components of spongy and compact bone.

Bone Physiology:

Overview of bone function- Choose skeletal system, then ‘Bones Narrated” – general overview of this section

Describe the major functions of the skeletal system and bones.

            Panopto on Functions of the Skeletal System

Compare and contrast intramembranous and endochondral bone formation.

Interactive animations on bone growth and remodeling – on the “Growth in Long Bones“ animation stop at the Regulation by Indian Hedgehog and PTH material.  Look at the growth in spongy bone section as well.

Outline the differing roles of osteogenic cells in formation, remodeling, and repair of bone tissue.

            Panopto on Bone Remodeling

Explain how mechanical stress and hormones regulate bone remodeling.

Summarize the process of bone repair.

            How Bones Respond to Stress – mp3 from Marieb

Compare and contrast osteomalacia and osteoporosis.


General gross anatomy of the skeletal system:
  • Identify the types of bones based on shape and composition (compact vs. spongy), and relate the shapes of bones to their functions.
  • Identify the structural components of a long bone including diaphysis, epiphysis, epiphesial plate, medullary cavity, peristeum, endosteum, articular cartilage, sites for red and yellow bone marrow, and location of compact and spongy bone.  Identify the function of each of these parts of the bone.


Labeling exercise for the structural features of a long bone.

Axial and Appendicular Skeleton
  • Define the two major divisions of the skeletal system (axial and appendicular) and list the general bone structures contained within each.
  • Identify the individual bones and their location within the body (responsible for the bones on the laboratory list).
  • Identify bone markings (spines, processes, foramina, etc.) and describe their function (e.g., point of articulation, muscle tendon attachment, ligament attachment, passageway for nerves and vessels – responsible for the ones on the laboratory list).
            Panopto on Bone Markings
            Lab 4 and List of Bones
  • Compare and contrast the adult male and female skeletons.
           Differences between male and female skeletons

  • Describe the functional classification, based on degree of movement allowed - synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, and diarthrotic – and provide examples of each type.

  • Describe the anatomical classification, based on structure - fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial – and provide examples of each type.

  • Explain how the functional and anatomical classifications are related.

  • Identify the structural components of the synovial joint, including accessory structures like bursae, tendon sheaths, and ligaments.

  • Describe factors that contribute to stability of the synovial joints.
  • Describe the generalized movements, both range of motion and types of movements of synovial joints with examples of each.

             Tegrity on Range of Motion
  • Describe the types of synovial joints including planar, hinge, pivot, condyloid, ball and socket, and saddle.

            Types of Synovial Joints
            Explanation of Knee Joint

  • Describe disorders of joints including sprains, cartilage injury, bursitis, tendonitis, and arthritis.

  • Differentiate between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Subpages (1): Diagrams
Pattie Sue Green,
Jul 18, 2011, 1:50 PM
Pattie Sue Green,
Jul 18, 2011, 10:55 PM