Cell Biology

Eukaryotic Cell Structure:

Define the terms cell and organelle.

            Compare sizes of different human cells here

Identify and describe the function of these cellular components: plasma membrane, nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pores, rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, Gogli apparatus, transport vesicles, lysosomes, cytosol, cytoplasm, mitochondria, microfilaments, intermediate filaments, microtubules, and centrioles.     

Kahn Academy Anatomy of a Cell

Utah Learn.Genetics Cell Parts

Parts of the Cytoskeleton


Plasma Membrane:

Describe the chemical structure of a cell membrane.

            Fluid Mosiac Model

            Read About it at Utah Learn.Genetics

Describe the roles of proteins in the plasma membrane.

Identify the types of cellular junctions.

Discuss and give examples of the following transport processes: simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis, active transport, exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis, pinocytosis, and filtration.

             Panopto Lecture on Plasma Membranes

            Video of Phagocytosis

Explain the effects of hypertonic, isotonic and hypotonic solutions on cells.

            Red Blood Cell Videos


General Cell Function:

Contrast replication, transcription and translation.

Summarize the steps in protein synthesis for intracellular, secreted, and membrane proteins.

            Utah Learn.Genectics

From RNA to Protein Synthesis


Define the term cellular respiration.

Compare and contrast energy input, efficiency of energy production, oxygen use, by-products and cellular location of glycolysis, the Krebs cycle and the electron transport chain.


Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis.

            PBS Mitosis and Meiosis