Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Bonds:

Describe the basic structure of atoms and molecules including the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.

Explain the changes in subatomic particles that produce ions and isotopes.

Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight.

               Panopto Lecture on Atomic Structure (Links to an external site.)

Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atom’s chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.

           Valence Shell Electrons and Reactivity

Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.

Molecules, Elements and Compounds from Purdue University

Describe the properties of non-polar covalent bonds, polar covalent bonds, ionic bonds, and hydrogen bonds including relative strength and mechanism of formation.

Ionic, Covalent Bonds and Hydrogen bond animation

Chemical Bond Song

Read about it here.

Inorganic Chemicals in the Human Body:

Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.

            Water Movie

Distinguish among the terms solution, solute and solvent.

Define the term salt and give examples of physiological significance.

Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and state acidic, neutral, and alkaline pH values.

              Panopto Tegrity Lecture on Inorganic Molecules (Links to an external site.)

Organic Chemicals in the Human Body:

Define the term organic molecule and describe the importance of carbon to life.

NPR on the importance of the carbon atom (start at 2:24  to 6 min or so).

Describe the structure of hydrocarbons, and the functional groups: alcohol, carbonyl, carboxyl, and amino groups.

Explain the relationship between monomers and polymers.

Define and give examples of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions.

With respect to carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, identify monomers and polymers, describe the general structure, and explain the role in the human body.

             Panopto Lecture on Biomolecules (Links to an external site.)

Describe the four levels of protein structure and discuss the importance of protein shape for protein function.

            Protein Structure

Demonstrate factors that affect enzyme activity, including denaturation, and interpret graphs showing the effects of various factors on the rate of enzyme-catalyzed reactions.

Describe the generalized reversible reaction for release of energy from ATP and explain the role of ATP in the cell.

             Primal Online ATP Movie