Psychology - part I

Gestalt Psychology - part 1

Reavaliation - What about if we first take a look inside our own mind abysses before further asserting?

Synesthesia / Gestalt Psychology

  • Bouba and Kiki
  • Introduction - Synesthesia
  • The World of the known - visual database
  • Gestalt Psychology - Introduction
  • Interpretation of a noisy picture, with and without aditional information
  • Gestalt Psychology - Concept
  • examples of Gestalt's inductions

  • Topic: 
    • Bouba and Kiki
    • Introduction - Synesthesia
    • The World of the Known - visual database
    • Gestalt Psychology - Introduction - Noisy Picture


Now tell me, if those 2 pictures had names like Bouba and Kiki, wich one would correspond to what form on your opinion and interpretation?

The Bouba/Kiki Effect was discovered by German-American psychologist Wolfgang Köhler in 1929.[1] In psychological experiments, first conducted on the island of Tenerife, Köhler showed forms similar to those shown at the right, and found a strong preference to pair the jagged shape with the word "takete" and the rounded shape with the word "baluba" ("maluma" in the 1947 version).[2] In 2001, Vilayanur S. Ramachandran and Edward Hubbard repeated Köhler experiment using the words "kiki" and "bouba" and asked large numbers of subjects "Which of these shapes is bouba and which is kiki?" In tests conducted with both English and Tamil speakers, 95% to 98% picked the curvy shape as bouba and the jagged one as kiki, suggesting that the human brain is somehow able to extract abstract properties from the shapes and sounds.[3] Recent work by Daphne Maurer and colleagues has shown that even children as young as 2.5 (too young to read) show this effect.[4]

Ramachandran and Hubbard[3] suggest that the kiki/bouba effect has implications for the evolution of language, because it suggests that the naming of objects is not completely arbitrary. The rounded shape may most commonly be named bouba because the mouth makes a more rounded shape to produce that sound while a more taut, angular mouth shape is needed to make the sound kiki. The sounds of a K are harder and more forceful than those of a B, as well. The presence of these "synesthesia-like mappings" suggest that this effect might be the neurological basis for sound symbolism, in which sounds are non-arbitrarily mapped to objects and events in the world.

Interestingly, individuals afflicted with autism do not show this effect. Where average people agree with the typical result 90% of the time, autistics only agree 60% of the time.[5]

(read article here - wikipedia)


Synesthesia (also spelled synæsthesia or synaesthesia, plural synesthesiae or synaesthesiae)—from the Ancient Greek σύν (syn), meaning "with," and αἴσθησις (aisthēsis), meaning "sensation"'—is a neurologically based phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway. In one common form of synesthesia, known as grapheme → color synesthesia, (continue...)  




Since biological entities started to metamorphically evolute to macro-systems and higher levels of complexity, vision arise as a powerful tool for survivance.

Humongous visual genetic databases were in construction gathering forms, shapes, colours, conecting them to meanings and reactions (like a synesthesic conection). Those forms have acquired correlations, as each form or colour could sugest a good strategy for survival, by defence, attack, reprodutcion, alimentation. I can say metaphorically speaking that Synesthesia is the demonstration extreme of that dinamic correlations.

The refinization of that database on our line of evolution became our culture and socialization either extrinsic or intrinsic, and that line kept evoluting among other complex aspects because further and further visual interpretations were being decodified.

The right herbs for medicine, the wrong colours of poisonous animals for good war porpuses like poisonous arrows and sharped potencial weapons, the right conjugations for the camuflage, became the constructo of a humongous simbolic "Synesthesic" Human Atlas as THE tool of perception of the world and by inherency, THE way for Human survival.

It was so powerful on human species that that databe not only functions as a survival tool, but also it has been upgraded to our vast and idiossincratic Culture. By concluson, that growing Atlas became the mirror of our interpretations and the map to perceive the world. It's our base of understanding and knowledge and the step to maturity.




So, what is this If aditional information is not given?

Wikipedia - Gestalt Psychology - Emergence

There are four relevant hypothesis:

  • there isn't any significative form or object

  • there is one or more than one significative objects or forms

  • the interpretation becames sharper with aditional information

  • Since this is not a accurate picture, aditional information (false or true) could be vital to  generate  a interpretation.


Spent a few minutes with this picture and figure by yourself. Don't read further untill you reach your own visualization.  Compare it with the solution. (down)

Now test your visualization if the information "A dalmation dog" Is aditioned: the visualization becomes emergent and almost obvious for further visualizations - aditional information (either false or true) can be fulcral to the interpretation.

Solution (wikipedia - Gestalt Psychology - Emergence): 

Emergence is demonstrated by the perception of the Dog Picture, which depicts a Dalmatian dog sniffing the ground in the shade of overhanging trees. The dog is not recognized by first identifying its parts (feet, ears, nose, tail, etc.), and then inferring the dog from those component parts. Instead, the dog is perceived as a whole, all at once. However, this is a description of what happens in vision and not an explanation. Gestalt theory does not explain how the percept of a dog emerges.