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Pushan & Prajapathi


                              Similar to Indra, Prajapathi is another controversial figure, whose identity could not be established properly. Prajapathi was closely attached with Rohini star. Later, Prajapathi was dethroned; because he was accused of having sexual relationship with his daughter Rohini. He was beheaded by Rudra, his own son, who was born out of that incestuous relationship. Historians have interpreted this story as a creation story. But in reality it is an astronomical story to remember a calendar event. Prajapathi was the bull, the Auriga constellation and is closely related to Aldebaran (Rohini). Prajapathi was the principal star (Indra) to mark the beginning of the year. He was the first Indra of Rig Veda. But later he was dethroned because of changes in heliacal risings. This event has been morphed into a mythological story.


(Pushan's character and role is looking much similar to "Water carrier-God". Follow the link to get more information on "Kavadi- water carrier")

(Refer Wikipedia)

                                 Pushan is the Hindu God of meeting. Pushan was responsible for marriages, journeys, roads, and the feeding of cattle. He was a psycho pomp, conducting souls to the other world. He protected travellers from bandits and wild beasts, and protected men from being exploited by other men. He was a supportive guide, a "good" god, leading his adherents towards rich pastures and wealth. He carried a golden lance, a symbol of activity. In Puranas he is said to be one of the twelve sons of Aditi (note that twelve sons of Aditi corresponds to 12 months of a year). Pushan is praised in eight hymns in the Rigveda. Some of these hymns appeal to him to guard livestock and find lost livestock. His chariot is pulled by goats. Sometimes he is described as driving the Sun in its course across the sky. His name in Sanskrit means "he who causes people to thrive". He seems to represent the sun as a guardian of flocks and herds.

                                   Pushan could be best remembered by the description that his chariot is drawn by a Ram. As said earlier all the mythological stories could be best understood by analysing the astronomical basis behind that story. If you refer to sky map it can be seen that Ram constellation is pulling the chariot (fish constellation) behind it. This may be the reason for the description that he drives the sun in its course across the sky. Further, it should be noted that the Ram constellation and Pisces (Pushan star in jyotisha Vedanga) appears just before rising of sun at early morning(around the time of New Year). This could be the reason for the story that he is the driver to sun.