Time line of Ancient History

Timeline of ancient history

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brief ancient chronology

(Common Era years in astronomical year numbering)

Bronze Age and Early Iron Age

The Bronze Age refers to a period in human cultural development when the most advanced metalworking (at least in systematic and widespread use) included techniques for smelting copper and tin from naturally-occurring outcroppings of copper ores, and then smelting those ores to cast bronze. These naturally-occurring ores typically included arsenic as a common impurity. Copper/tin ores are rare, as reflected in the fact that there were no tin bronzes in western Asia before 3000 BC. In some parts of the world, a Copper Age follows the Neolithic and precedes the Bronze Age.

The Iron Age was the stage in the development of any people in which tools and weapons whose main ingredient was iron were prominent. The adoption of this material coincided with other changes in some past societies often including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles, although this was not always the case.

§ Circa 3000 BC: Egyptian calendar

§ Circa 3000 BC: Sumerian cuneiform writing system.[1]

§ 3300 BC: Bronze Age begins in the Near East[2]

§ 3300 BC: Newgrange Ireland

§ 3300 BC: Hakra Phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins in theIndian Sub-continent.

§ 3200 BC: Cycladic civilization in Greece

§ 3200 BC: Norte Chico civilization begins in Peru

§ 3200 BC: Rise of Proto-Elamite Civilization in Iran

§ 3100 BC: Skara Brae Scotland

§ c. 3000 BC: Stonehenge construction begins. In its first version, it consisted of a circular ditch and bank, with 56 wooden posts.[3]

§ c. 3000 BC: Cucuteni-Trypillian culture in the Ukraine

§ 3100 BC: First dynasty of Egypt

§ 3000 BC: Jiroft civilization Begins in Iran

§ 3000 BC: First known use of papyrus by Egyptians

§ 2800 BC: Kot Diji phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins

§ 2800 BC: Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period in China

§ 2700 BC: Minoan Civilization ancient palace city Knossos reach 80,000 inhabitants

§ 2700 BC: Rise of Elam in Iran

§ 2600 BC: Mature Harappan phase of the Indus Valley civilization (in present-day Pakistan and India) begins

§ 2600 BC: Emergence of Maya culture in the Yucatán Peninsula

§ 2600 BC: Completion of the Great Pyramid of Giza

§ 2300 BC: Dangun established the Gojoseon in Korea

§ 2200 BC: completion of Stonehenge.

§ 2070 BC: Yu the Great established the Xia Dynasty in China

§ 2000 BC: Domestication of the horse

§ 1800 BC: alphabetic writing emerges

§ 1700 BC: Indus Valley Civilization comes to an end but is continued by the Cemetery H culture; The beginning of Poverty Point Civilization in North America

§ 1600 BC: Mycenaean Greece

§ 1600 BC: The beginning of Shang Dynasty in China, evidence of a fully developed Chinese writing system

§ 1600 BC: Beginning of Hittite dominance of the Eastern Mediterranean region

§ 1500 BC: Composition of the Rigveda is completed

§ 1400-400 BC: Olmec civilization flourishes in Pre-Columbian Mexico, during Mesoamerica's Formative period

§ 1200 BC: The Hallstatt culture

§ c. 1200 BC: Theorized time of the Trojan War[4]

§ c. 1180 BC: Disintegration of Hittite Empire

§ 1046 BC: The Zhou force (led by King Wu of Zhou) overthrow the last king of Shang Dynasty; Zhou Dynasty established in China

§ 1000 BC: Mannaeans Kingdom Begins

§ 890 BC: Approximate date for the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey

§ 800 BC: Rise of Greek city-states