5) Anatolian Hypothesis

 Anatolian hypothesis


The Anatolian hypothesis is proposed by Colin Renfrew; and it proposes that the dispersal of Proto-Indo-Europeans originated in Neolithic Anatolia. The hypothesis suggests that the speakers of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) lived inAnatolia during the Neolithic era, and associates the distribution of historicalIndo-European languages with the expansion during the Neolithic revolutionduring the 7000 BC and 6000 BC millennia. (Wikipedia, 2009) 

The Anatolian hypothesis’ main proponent was Colin Renfrew, who in 1987 suggested a peaceful Indo-Europeanization of Europe from Anatolia from around 7000 BC with the advance of farming by demic diffusion ("wave of advance"). Accordingly, most of the inhabitants of Neolithic Europe would have spoken Indo-European tongues, and later migrations would at best have replaced Indo-European dialects with other Indo-European dialects. The main strength of the farming hypothesis lies in its linking of the spread of Indo-European languages with an archeologically known event (the spread of farming) that is often assumed as involving significant population shifts. Two other competing hypotheses exist; they are Kurgan and Palaeolithic Continuity Theory (PCT). The kurgan hypothesis places PIE in more recent time, whereas the PCT theory places them in far earlier time.