R V Muraleedharan

The book Title ---- Sanskrit Eloquent Indus Seals
Reference --------

An Indus Seal with 4 symbols and 30 readings
I have selected an Indus seal that was unearthed from the Indus Valley site of Kalibangan in the state of Rajasthan in India. The seal is mostly engraved with symbols of numerals that could be given uncontroversial phonetic values. The seal depicts a milieu of three characters, a man, a strange animal and a tree. The scene has many oddities that seem to be deliberately incorporated by the seal maker so that the depiction may conform to the text written on the seal.

1) A man sits on a tree. 2) The man has an unusually narrow belly. 3) The man sits with his legs crossed. 4) He sits on a leaf of the tree. 5) He raises his hand. 6) The strange animal has human-like face and legs.
In spite of the complexity of the depicted scenery the scripts on the seal are relatively simple; a human figure with additional markings on the body, 7 strokes and another 3 strokes. For now, we will neglect the additional markings on the human figure. Fortunately, the three symbols are clear-cut and noncontroversial; 3, 7 and a man. Though there are many terms for the word β€˜man’ in Sanskrit, we will choose the most commonly used termmAnusha, of which man is a shortened English form. The combination of English terms (from the right to the left)
3 + 7 + man

three + seven + man
This, in Sanskrit, adds up as:
thra + sapta + mAnusha
(thra = 3; sapta = 7; mAnusha = man)
1) Sanskrit Reading: tharu sambaddha mAnusha
Meaning of Sanskrit words: (tharu = to a tree; sambaddha = attached; mAnusha = a man)
English Translation of the reading :
A man attached to a tree.
2) Sanskrit Reading: udara sambAdha mAnusha
Meaning of Sanskrit words: udara = belly; sambAdha = narrow; mAnusha = man

English Translation of the reading: A man with a narrow belly.