Skeletons in Mohenjo Daro

Map---DK area of lower town
 Map  adapted from the book,"The Indus Civilization" by Gregory Possehl.(2002)-Vistaar publication, New Delhi. (page-160) (See the original map in the book for more details)

Note that burial remains and skeletons are found all over the area, the above given map is only DK area. The excavated area under VS and HR also showing high concentration of funeral and skeletal remains. But, in citadel area the funeral remains are minimal compared to lower town.  The argument of Archaeologists so far is that this area could have been converted into a burial yard after the destruction of old cities of earlier inhabitants. Yes, it is possible that it could have happened that way. It is difficult to prove that  these sites are burial grounds from the inception onwards.  Still, we should take into consideration all the available facts into consideration  before arriving at a final conclusion. It was a burial yard and not a living place, see the construction of passage ways, circular plat forms, heart shaped and oval shaped parapet walls of wells and other evidences discussed in the book. All these facts show that this site was a necropolis from the beginning onwards. See the book for detailed narration. 

This above  map is being produce here, just to show that how funeral remains and skeletons are spread over all the places of excavation. These funeral remains are not merely restricted to any particular area. In a given situation in any metropolis a normal expectation is that the burial ground will be far away from the residential place, even at the worst scenario, after explosion of population like modern metros cemeteries will be in enclaves.  But, it will not be like the present scenario at Indus sites, where  bones and skeletons are  strewn  all over the place.  Further any residential area in metros are prime properties and will never be deserted, even after an invasion the invading people will occupy the houses. The invaders will not just burn away prime residential localities. The invaders burnt the Indus sites because the new invaders were tomb raiders and not tomb makers. They burnt the tombs just to plunder. Further these sites give so many evidences of burning because the later day occupants were practicing burning of corpses and this place show lot of evidences of burning resulting in a wrong conclusion that these sites were burnt away by invaders. The conclusion is that the Indus sites are burial yards from the beginning onwards and not residential places as popularly imagined so far.

          One more point to be noted here is that if the invading Aryans had burnt  the city, there will be many more evidences of articles of daily usage that would have been burnt and buried under ruins. Evidences like bullock cart if not horse chariot,  articles associated with cattle rearing, plough, other agricultural implements, kitchen implements, trader's implements, chair, table, wooden cot and other similar items. But none of these items are available in these sites,What are available in these sites are specialized pots used in burial, few of the personal belonging of the dead person, which are not really useful for those living relatives. Children's toys that have been found must have belonged to dead children because of that reason toys also would have been buried along with the children. It is not the case  that the toys would have been left out by children at the time invasion.

Fortifications are really missing, none could ever imagine that such an advanced city could have flourished without proper fortification. These places were not fortified  because there was nothing worth in those places to defend. Wunderlich makes similar observation about the palaces of Cretan civilization.

More studies on Indus bone ---
Read the National Geographic article--
follow the link ---