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Rosetta stone of IVC

Any reader of this website please be informed that statements and explanations pertaining to "Calendar Theory" and "Jyotish Vedanga" have become obsolete and wrong. The corrected version is available in the second website. Follow the link for second website --https://sites.google.com/site/indusharappacivilization/home.
Whereas the "Necropolis Theory" explaining the nature of Indus excavation sites, stands on it's own legs firm to the ground. Only, passing of time will bring forth the truth. I am maintaining this website just to show the thought process through which the final success was obtained. Further, other details and statements relating various other issues are valid and correct.
(Picture acknowledgements to Shri.Kalyanaraman)

                             This above shown seal has the distinction of containing the maximum number of symbols for any given Indus seal. It looks like that it could be the "Rosetta stone" of Indus seals. All the symbols in the first row are indicating month and those three fishes in the middle definitely have "Mee"
sound. It looks like that all variants of the symbol  "mee" ( ) have been grouped together by an Indus priest, who had prepared this seal for teaching his students.(Good imagination isn't did?)
 All the symbols in the second line are having "U" sound and are similarly variants of the same symbol. However the third row is different , most probably the seven symbols indicate the seven days of a week.

                           The other possible explanation is that this seal could be indicating the ploughing seasons and months for the priests. Generally farmers will approach the priests for determining the ploughing date. As per ancient Indian custom the king used to plough his field with golden plough on the date determined by priest. Even today the Thailand king ploughs his field on the date decided by priest  and all the farmers take up the cue and plough their fields. 

                             In a country like India , where agriculture is determined by vagaries of monsoon, ascertaining the sowing season is absolute importance. It will determine the life or death of a farmer. Late sowing of seeds also will destroy the crop in drought at maturity time. Early sowing also will destroy crop by way of floods at harvesting stage. The first row could be indicating seasons (or months), Second row could be indicating the days and third row could be indicating the  "Lagna' (auspicious time of the day).

 Planet chart (or) Horoscope.
Below given narration is my earlier interpretation as given in my book:
(The below given narration has undergone lot of changes, please see the first ten pages under "Home Page"[left side column] for latest interpretations and corrections)
                        PAGE-83(fig.5.5) of Asko parpola’s book shows the longest continuous Indus inscription. It is a seal from Mohenjo-daro (M-314). Analysis of this seal shows that the top line shows the symbols of five planets known at that time period and the second line shows symbols of three gods Kalan, god of underworld and mother goddess respectively. The triangle may be indicating the “Trigona concept” of astrology. The acute angle of the triangle may be indicating the eastern direction, which is the rising direction of Venus in the evening. The last line is showing the symbols of seven constellations. Overall the seal looks like a chart which might have indicated a kind of horoscope of that time. The details of analysis of symbols are as per the table given below.








Zodiac symbol


Wheel with two quotation marks might have specified the second wheel, i.e. moon, whereas single wheel might have denoted sun.

(Or) it could be pictograph of six seasons.

(Or) it could be icon of North Star.

(or) it could be symbol of month--quotation mark indicates month


Most likely that it is the symbol of plough ---(As per interpretations of Shri.I.Mahadevan)
The four quotation  marks  around the plough symbol could mean that ---it was a symbol for a day 

May be Trigona sign in horoscope, which shows the important planetary positions within horoscope (see Vedic astrology, Wikipedia)

Or the acute angle of the triangle shows the east direction in the horoscope

This angle shows the movement of the deity Chandra along the horoscope



The cap at the top of fish shows that this planet is identified with eastern corner, the fish that first appears in the eastern corner is Venus



 Virgo/ Kanya/ Chitra / 14th constellation

(Or) Spica star of Virgo constellation as discussed under the heading “sign of double axe


It looks like that this fish indicates mars/ mars (Rudra) with horns / maybe this is the fish with horns.


Ajopada/ single footed (Hoof print of a goat) / Purva Bhadrapad/ 25th constellation




Fish with dot may be Shani


Sagittarius/ Purva Ashadha/Apah/ 20th constellation

(Or) may be symbol of Lynx + Cancer constellations --- Refer to seal depiction under the heading “sign of double axe

(Or) may be allographs (variant of a grapheme) of Sagittarius constellation--- It looks like that these symbols are of later day period and most probably belongs to Greek period.




Planet mercury/ Budhan

Arrow symbol indicates Budhan

Budhan is son of moon 


(Or) Castor and Pollux/ Punarvasu/ 7th constellation


Funeral urn/ symbol of god of death/ symbol of Kalan/ Shiva



Trishul/ fork/ Vishaka /16th constellation



God of underworld (Or) this symbol might be depicting a rope as in Egyptian hieroglyphics tethering rope / in Indian mythology rope means rope of death/ rope used by Yama to take away the life from a person.




Capricorn/ crocodile/ Uttara Ashadha/ 21st constellation



Tilak is other wise called as "Urdhva Pundram" in sanskrit. "Urdhva" means "vertical" and "Pundram" means "Mark".

Earth- mother goddess----------------------------

"Utpala pattra" (Tilak) as per online sanskrit dictionary. 

 Both these words show that there is a possibility of "U" sound for this symbol also.


The stars side by side/Shravana/Aquila constellation as per jyotisha vedanga.


(Or) May be part of Perseus constellation as discussed under the heading “sign of double axe

 Details of Horoscope chart