Kumbha Mela

Ref ----Wikipedia ---

Kumbh Mela  is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather at a sacred river for a bath in the river. It is held every third year at one of the four places by rotation: Haridwar, Allahabad, Nasik and Ujjain. Thus the Kumbh Mela is held at each of these four places every twelfth year. Ardh ("Half") Kumbh Mela is held at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad (Prayag), every sixth year. The rivers at these four places are: the Ganges (Ganga) at Haridwar, the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganges and the Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati at Prayag, the Godawari at Nasik, and the Shipra at Ujjain.

Kumbh means a pitcher and Mela means fair in Hindi. The pilgrimage is held for about one and a half months at each of these four places where it is believed in Hinduism that drops of nectar fell from the Kumbh carried by gods after the sea was churned. The festival is billed as the "biggest gathering on Earth". There is no scientific method of ascertaining the number of pilgrims even approximately and the estimates of the number of pilgrims bathing on the most auspicious day may vary very widely from two to eight million depending upon the team(s) of persons making the estimate and the rough method of making the estimate.

The current Kumbh Mela began on 14 January 2013 at Allahabad (Prayag) 
Places

Kumbh Mela takes place every twelve years at one of four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. The Mela alternates between Prayag, Nashik, Ujjain and Haridwar every third year.[4][5][6] The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at only two places, Haridwar and Prayag. Kumbh Mela is organized every three years on a rotation basis of Prayag, Nashik, Haridwar and Ujjain.[15]

Kumbha Mela: Held at all four places.[16]
Ardha Kumbha Mela: Held at Haridwar and Prayag, every 6 years.
Purna Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayag every 12 years.[17]
Maha Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayag, every 144 years.[18][19]


Planetary positions during 2013 Kumbh Mela at Allahabad (Prayag)

Kumbh Mela is celebrated at different locations depending on the position of the planet of Bṛhaspati (Jupiter) and the sun. When Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac sign Leo (Simha Rashi) it is held in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik; when the sun is in Aquarius (Kumbh Rashi) it is celebrated at Haridwar; when Jupiter is in Taurus (Vrishabha Rashi ) and the sun is in Capricorn (Makar Rashi) Kumbha Mela is celebrated at Prayag; and Jupiter and the sun are in Scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) the Mela is celebrated at Ujjain.[20][21] Each site's celebration dates are calculated in advance according to a special combination of zodiacal positions of Sun, Moon, and Jupiter.[22]



History

The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese monk Xuanzang (formerly romanized as Hsuan Tsang) who visited India in 629–645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana.[23][24] However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.[25]

The account goes that the demigods had lost their strength by the curse of Durväsä Muni, and to regain it, they approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. They directed all the demigods to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu[26] (full story on kumbh mela) and after praying to Lord Vishnu, he instructed them to churn the ocean of milk Ksheera Sagara (primordial ocean of milk) to receive amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the demons or Asuras, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter.[27] However, when the Kumbha (urn) containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the gods and demons fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the battle, Lord Vishnu (incarnated as Mohini-Mürti) flew away with the Kumbha of elixir spilling drops of amrita at four places: Allahabad (Prayag), Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik.[28]


 Narmer Palette, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
See the relationship between Kumbh Mela and the same astrological events recorded in Egyptian Palette.
 
              Kaulin says that the Mesopotamian name of the pole star Mismar is possibly written out as Mis-Mar on the world-famous Narmer Palette in the hieroglyphs on the right side. Indeed, we read M-Z M-R. Could the name Nar-MER be related linguistically to the name Mis-MAR? The Narmer Palette is shown below. For the first time ever, this Palette is deciphered subsequently as the astronomy of the Pharaohs, who are uniting heaven and earth. Mainstream archaeology dates Narmer to approximately 3100 B.C. Similarly, research of Kaulins indicates that the first calendar of mankind started exactly on December 25, 3117 B.C. when a total solar eclipse was visible at sunrise at the winter solstice point, an incredible astronomical event. Narmer represents this event and date. According to Kaulins, this astronomical event is clearly documented on the Narmer Palette.

 

Narmer Palette, Egyptian Museum, Cairo

Kaulin says that the Mesopotamian name of the pole star Mismar is possibly written out as Mis-Mar on the world-famous Narmer Palette in the hieroglyphs on the right side. Indeed, we read M-Z M-R. Could the name Nar-MER be related linguistically to the name Mis-MAR? The Narmer Palette is shown below. For the first time ever, this Palette is deciphered subsequently as the astronomy of the Pharaohs, who are uniting heaven and earth. Mainstream archaeology dates Narmer to approximately 3100 B.C. Similarly, research of Kaulins indicates that the first calendar of mankind started exactly on December 25, 3117 B.C. when a total solar eclipse was visible at sunrise at the winter solstice point, an incredible astronomical event. Narmer represents this event and date. According to Kaulins, this astronomical event is clearly documented on the Narmer Palette.

The Narmer Palette front side, middle, shows a solar eclipse


(Photo courtesy Andis Kaulins)

.(Compare this above picture of Bull trampling figure of Narmer Palette with Buffalo trampling scene of Indus seal. Origin of this concept is the same in both civilizations (Egypt and Indus). But I am of the opinion that this buffalo figure coincides with Sagittarius (buffalo) and Scorpios (trampled victim) rather than Aquarius and Capricornus)





The Front Side of the Narmer Palette shows the Solar Eclipse of December 25, 3117 B.C.


5.The middle part of the front side of the Narmer Palette shows the solar eclipse of December 25, 3117 B.C. Two lion-like animals, who symbolize the sun, are in battle. With their artistically formed overlong intertwined necks, they show the “O-Form“of the total solar eclipse.


6. The lowermost part of the front side of the Narmer Palette shows the exact location in the stars at which the solar eclipse took place. It occurred in the stars of Capricorn, near the star Deneb Algiedi. A bull hovers over the defeated enemy. On the oldest artifacts, such beaten enemies always mark the bygone years. The oldest known human symbols for the stars of Capricorn are all bull-like animals, indicating a common origin for this star symbol. The Chinese, for example, first marked Capricorn by a bull or ox, the Hindus had an antelope and the people of ancient Mesopotamia had an ibex, as also the NAR-mer related term NIRu, the yoke, for Capricorn.



7. Andis Kaulins is of the opinion that the three “world-calendars”, Maya, Pharaonic, and Hindu – whose start is today dated to -3100, -3113 and -3102 – all had the same common origin and that the date discrepancies are based on miscalculations made by scholars over the millennia




 
 The Front Side of the Narmer Palette shows the Solar Eclipse of December 25, 3117 B.C.
 
5.The middle part of the front side of the Narmer Palette shows the solar eclipse of December 25, 3117 B.C. Two lion-like animals, who symbolize the sun, are in battle. With their artistically formed overlong intertwined necks, they show the “O-Form“of the total solar eclipse.

 6. The lowermost part of the front side of the Narmer Palette shows the exact location in the stars at which the solar eclipse took place. It occurred in the stars of Capricorn, near the star Deneb Algiedi. A bull hovers over the defeated enemy. On the oldest artifacts, such beaten enemies always mark the bygone years. The oldest known human symbols for the stars of Capricorn are all bull-like animals, indicating a common origin for this star symbol. The Chinese, for example, first marked Capricorn by a bull or ox, the Hindus had an antelope and the people of ancient Mesopotamia had an ibex, as also the NAR-mer related term NIRu, the yoke, for Capricorn.
 
 7.          Andis Kaulins is  of the opinion that the three “world-calendars”, Maya, Pharaonic, and Hindu – whose start is today dated to -3100, -3113 and -3102 – all had the same common origin and that the date discrepancies are based on miscalculations made by scholars over the millennia

 




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