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                       Before going into the nitty-gritty of this book, it is important to introduce myself and my credentials to write on this topic. I did my graduation in the subject of Agriculture at Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu and post graduation from IARI, New Delhi. My only qualification in the field of history subject is that I prepared for the history paper in Indian civil service examination four times and secured good marks. I have been going through various history books for the past 25 years as a hobby and find that it is the best way to pass the time. Other than that I do not have any kind of professional qualification in this field. 

                      I came across the book “The secrets of Crete” written by Wunderlich, (Wunderlich, 1974), while I was preparing for civil service examination. I was fascinated by the fact that many of the cultural traits attributed to Cretans were similar to that of South Indian culture. I felt that definitely there was strong link between India and Mediterranean region in the cultural aspects. I continued with my search for cultural roots of Dravidians with that of Mediterranean cultures. During the course of this search, I noticed the theory proposed by Wunderlich that Cretan palace was a necropolis and not a palace for living people. This remarkable insight made a deep impact in my mind, and I felt that it was the same occurrence in Indus sites also, that these sites have been wrongly classified as mega megapolises, whereas in reality they were only necropolises. I waited for some historian to come out with a new insight on this issue, but unfortunately no one has come out with this idea that these sites could be burial grounds. Finally I decided that the best to bring forth this theory should be through my own effort and time will tell how far my theory is correct. 

                            In addition to the above mentioned objective, this book is written with two sections of people in mind. One is the student community, who are preparing for civil service examination and the other one is the common Indian, who is interested in developing a layman’s view of Indian History and culture. Further, the intention of this book is that there should be some clarity in understanding our ancient legacy, so that we will be better prepared to meet the future challenges as a nation as well as an individual. It is also important that we should be able to understand the perplexing cultural traits and legacies of India to survive and progress in this country. India is a cultural dinosaur, which somehow escaped the fate of extinction. The British rule of India had saved the diversity of this country and simultaneously saved Hinduism from demise. Had it been for the Islamic rule without the interruption of British rule, Hinduism would have vanished in India as it happened to the old pharaonic religion of Egypt. Many Indians think that British rule was an unmitigated evil with out any kind of positive influence, but I beg to differ. There are many good influences, which has resulted in positive developments in India. Our effort must be to preserve the best of Hindu culture and improve on it, so that our country can grow strong and healthy and survive as a vibrant nation. 

                        Even though I started this book with an aim to help a student whose optional subject is history in civil service examination, but does not have a basic idea about ancient Indian history. This book has taken such a course that many of the issues are given totally different interpretation, and if any civil service aspirant reproduces such views, most probably he will not get any mark. Still I hope that this book will help him to understand some fundamental concepts about Indus period and Vedic period and he will be able to get some foot-hold on this subject. After getting some idea about the basic issues on Indus culture and Vedic period, the civil service aspirant should expand his knowledge by studying various books available on these topics. It is once again clarified that only standard views expressed by established Historians will be accepted in civil service examination, and these kinds of revolutionary ideas presented in this book will not fetch good marks to the candidates. 

                            Now the book has taken such a course that I have trespassed into the domain of professional archaeologists and historians. I never had any such intention to challenge any of the scholars in this field of history. Unfortunately, I have become bogged down into the problems of the various unsettled issues in the field of Indus civilization and have to give reasonable explanations about various issues. This process has forced me into various uncharted territories of ancient Indian history. I have tried to give proper citation to various points raised in this book; where-ever it was available. I hope and pray that the scholars in this field should take a lenient view and forgive me for any kind of mistake in this book. 

                              It is important to understand various contributions made by Archaeologists and Historians by learning about their life and achievements, and develop a proper healthy respect for their efforts in this field, or for that matter in any kind of field. It is not only developing a healthy respect for an individual, it actually helps in understanding and remembering the subject. For example if a student tries to remember various events and incidents that happened during the time of independence movement, it will be really difficult task to remember those events chronologically. The simplest way to understand and remember the independence movement is to study the life history of Mahatma Gandhi. Life history of Gandhi is totally linked to freedom movement; whatever happened in his life is reflected in the freedom movement. Hence, the easiest way to remember freedom movement is to remember life history of Gandhi. Any of the simple biography available in the market will suffice, but the best option is to read his auto biography, which is very easy to read but makes a deep impact on the mind. 

                           Keeping in mind the above said principle, I have tried to give a brief introduction about various important persons we come across in this book. I hope you will enjoy and appreciate this effort. Any valuable suggestions of the readers may kindly be sent to the e-mail address of mine; 

- Author