14) Indus seals deciphered

Indus seal Interpreted

Table 1: Indus seals interpreted.



 This symbol reads that Kalan ( ) is holding the symbol of his anus ( ) meaning there by Dhanistha Nakshatra/ day of Dhanistha/ 23 rd day of moon month.  (Delphini constellation) The tiger indicates the Auriga constellation (or Canis Major constellation).  It means that a person had died in the month of Auriga /Canis Major, and on the 23rd day of moon month.  The annual death ceremony will be held in next year on the same month and Nakshatra (Month and day).  This  seal picture  is drawn after the illustration given in the book of Asko Parpola ( fig5.4, Page.82)


This goat seal shows human sacrifice.  The head is placed before the god on a stool.  The inscription should be read from left to right.  On the Day of Karthigai ( ) it was also a “Grahana day” ( ).  Next symbol is damaged and not visible (month symbol partly damaged).  The fish symbol (  ) stands for the sound “Mee” meaning there by “Month of.”  The fifth symbol vessel ( ) indicates the vessel in which blood was collected and offered before God.  The last symbol (  ) denotes a body without head, may be indicating the sacrificed human being.  Most probably, the sacrifice would have been done in honour of the tree dwelling God.  God Aries (goat) was witness to that sacrifice.  One significant feature that can be seen in this seal is the Vedic fire pit; it can be seen at the left side of the illustration near bottom of the peepal tree.  Existence of this fire pit implies that the practice of fire worship and sacrificial ceremony using a fire pit was in existence in Indus period itself.

          The script in this seal should be read from left to right.  It looks like that the sentence starts with invoking name of god “God Mrigashira” (symbol- ).  The second symbol ( ) looks like a broken sacrifice pit.  This Indicates that it was month of Leo.  Alternatively, it could be simply be Pushya month (Month of Cancer).  The fish symbol ( ) stands for the word “month of.”  The fourth symbol ( ) stands for day of Aquarius (symbol for water“ ”).  The last symbol stands ( ) for the meaning day.  This Aquarius symbol is significant here.  Most probably, it was a Greek symbol and it was likely that the seal was used in the last phase of Indus sites.

This is the Asherah pole.  The tree with peepal leaves identifies with mother goddess.  The sign reads like this (from right to left):

First symbol is the calendar symbol with six sections indicating six seasons.  The second symbol ( ) indicates the Leo month.  The third symbol fish ( ) stands for the word “month of.”  The fourth symbol spear ( ) reads as “day of.”  The fifth symbol quiver    reads as “day of quiver” (day of Gemini)

The inscription on this seal reads like this (from right to left):

The first symbol ( ) looks like U-shaped Tilak, which is called as namam in Tamil Nadu, may be indicating the blood sacrifice done.  (Or) It could be flame symbol indicating God Agni.  The second symbol “Three parallel lines” indicate the third day ceremony and the fourth symbol “spear” stands for meaning “day.”  The fifth symbol might be standing for the meaning “Month of” and the last symbol stands for Aquarius month.

The inscription should be read from right to left.  Raahu and Ketu (probably the crab symbols indicate the Grahana day here) grab Kalan.  The symbol of twin snakes joined to form “U” shape indicates the Aslesha month.  If this symbol is closely scrutinized it can be seen that there is a quotation mark between snakes, which specify that it mean a month.  This fish symbol does not mean a month here.  Most probably, fish symbol stands for “fish day” (27th day in the moon calendar).  The last sign “U” symbol as usual means “the day”