Symbols of Indus Gods


The "x" symbol

The "X" is most probably indicating the "orion " constellation. Most probably he was called "Mrigashira"-- ( The lord of the animals). What is the evidence for such conclusion?
See the "X" symbol, which is standing alone with out any connection to the following symbols. Most probably it would have read like --(In the name of God--"X")(or) (In honor of god "X"). Follow the link for meanings of remaining symbols in the page---Indus Seals Deciphered-(Table)(serial. No.2)

Further the star constellation Orion itself looks like "X" in the sky. It is logical that symbol "X"could have meant lord "Mrigashira" during Indus period.

At this juncture the story of Ravana and Shiva is to be recalled. Ravana was worshiper of Shiva and Shiva tolerated him always.  One day, all of a sudden Ravana wanted to test his strength and started shaking the mountain "Kailash" of Shiva's. Parvathi was disturbed and asked her husband , "what is going on?". Shiva simply smiled and said, "My devotee is playing with me , and gently pushed down the mountain with his thumb and Ravana was forced to keep silent. The "X" symbol may be indicating Ravana and "Load Symbol" may be indicating the load being carried by Ravana the "Kailash mountain". 

Most probably, "Mriga shira" could have been the name of the god during Indus period, but later after arrival Indo Aryans all the Indus gods would have been treated as devils (Ashura) and denigrated. It is likely that this Ravana and Rama story could have emerged out in further late period after arrival of Greek mythological stories. See the following web page for more information.

(Reference--Wikipedia --Kanwar Yatra)
The first explanation is that this symbol could have indicated Kavad.
Kanwar Yatra is named after the kānvar (काँवर), a single pole (usually made of bamboo) with two roughly equal loads fastened or dangling from opposite ends. The kānvar is carried by balancing the middle of the pole on one or both shoulders.

The Hindi wordkānvar is derived from the Sanskrit kānvānrathi 
(काँवाँरथी). Kānvar-carrying pilgrims, called Kānvariās, carry covered water-pots inkānvars slung across their shoulders. This practice of carrying Kavad as a part of religious pilgrimage, especially by devotees of Lord Shiva, is widely followed throughout India (see Kavadi). Yatra means a journey or procession.


Second possibility is that this symbol might have stood for a god---


 possibility is that this god is having some characteristics  like the conductor of souls to the under world (Psycho pomp). The Indus period name of this psycho pomp is not known, but in vedic period he was known as "Pushan". See the following link on Pushan for more information.

Most probably, he was the god, who guided the soul through under world---so he was worshiped on the 40 th day of death ceremony.

(Or) He was the eldest son of Shiva, Ganesha who is also having all the characteristics of Psycho pomp.

This god is some thing similar to Egyptian god Horus.Lori Tompkins says that the Aquarius constellation represented " Mithra" (IE god) the friendly god during later day Persian times. Note that even after the change in ruling class the friendliness of Aquarius constellation is not forgotten or discontinued.


the problem with this symbol is that it is composite symbol of "water carrier" (Aquarius constellation and "U" symbol (Symbol of earliest sky god "Uronus"). The meaning of this composite symbol is difficult to determine.


This looks like a symbol of priest--
(Or--may be Ghost?)-some of the seals are showing the priests with ---jada mudi---lengthy matted head dress like the modern day ascetics of Shiva worshipers.(or) It might have indicated the Perseus constellation.
This could be another God with forked hand or holding trishul as weapon. Most probably it was Kalan or Shiva. For practical purpose both are the same.

Daniel Salas is another person interested in Indus symbols. In his web site, he had given lot of interpretations linking Indus symbols to star constellations. This particular symbol of "lamp" , Daniel Salas links with Draco constellation pointing towards North Star.

There is a possibility that this symbol might have meant the North star and there is no need to explain the importance of North star. It is likely that this symbol might have indicated "Dhuruvan" lord of North star. 

 But, a doubt that can be raised is that--only god of death had generally been given blood sacrifice, then what is the need to give blood sacrifice to the god of North star. There is no answer for this question and it will be answered in the forth coming days.

In my opinion this symbol indicates a flame, the flame in turn indicates "God Agni". "Lord Agni" in turn indicates "Pleiades Constellation". Both Agni and Karthikeya share the same constellation "Pleiades constellation". See the following web page for more information on this "flame symbol".

Archer is possibly another god. Who could have been equivalent to archer god of Greece "Apollo". It is likely that the archer god of Indus period could be "Rudra" indicating Gemini constellation.
God with the Club is Hercules 
( Greek Mythology). In Indian mythology Indra is born with the Club (Vedic god). Marduk of Sumeria and Murugan of Tamil Nadu also had club as their symbol of identification. (Murugan's other name is Dhandayuthapani meaning that god holding club as a weapon) Then , what is the equivalent god in Indus period?

The conclusion is that this symbol should be treated as symbol of Murugan (for Dravidian theorists) and symbol of Indra (for Aryan theorists). Most probably, the god with club symbol represented the Pleiades constellation.
Subpages (1): Psychopomp
Comments