Genetic migration route -Map



Map 1: Human migration routes 


M168

African clan  

50,000   years ago

Homo sapiens migrating out of Africa, because of prolonged drought condition.

M130

Coastal marker

50,000   years ago

Entry into Arabia, coastal people migrating along the coast lines, rapidly moved and reached Australia, and the present day Australian aborigines attest to that fact. The Andaman tribes are remnants of this movement. Today this marker consists of only 5% of the population in India, restricted to coastal areas of south India.

M89

Mesopotamian marker

45,000   years ago

M89 people enjoyed settled life at Mesopotamia, in the land of two rivers, with enough water and wild cattle to feed on, hunter gatherer stage.

M9 

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Turan Basin Clan

40,000   years ago

M9 people came out of Mesopotamian population and moved into Turan basin area around this time.

M45

Central Asian nomads

35,000   years ago

M45 people multiply and form the nomads of central Asia. Steppe lands are full of wild herd herbivores and mammoths, which supports the population growth and multiplication of steppe nomads.

M173

30,000   years ago

Central Asian M-45 population (Central Asian nomads) divide into two group. One group with M173 marker moves into Europe.

M20

Early pastoral

Dravidian clan

30,000 years ago

Dravidians enter into India. Early Dravidians were hunters and cattle rearing people. 50% of the South Indians have this Mutation. This mutation arose out of M9 population (Turan Basin clan).

M172

Neolithic

Anatolians

Farmers

10,000   years ago

 Neolithic Anatolian people migrate into Europe via Greece and other coastal areas of Europe, they were the earliest known agriculturists and they domesticated the wild cattle and   goats. On the eastern side they formed Sumerian farmers and later day farmers of Indus region. This gene marker is found in equal frequency to that off M20 and M17 in India. (Wells, 2003, p. 167).They may be termed as Sumerian farmers in India

 

M17

Indo Europeans

10,000   years ago

Arising of Indo European people in Southern Russia and Ukraine, (most probably) learnt agriculture from Anatolians through cultural diffusion, not through conquest. Renfrew model, cultural infusion is also from Anatolia. These people domesticated horse. These people are the “heroes” of Aryan theory.

The PCT theory of   Alinei proposes that this so called “Kurgan” people are really intruders from Uralic region, and were Turkic people in origin. (People from Turkmenistan of Central Asia) 


Table 1: Human migration details Earliest civilisation 

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