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Endemics list

Endemic Species (most conservative version)

  • Phasianidae
    • Taiwan Partridge (Arborophila crudigularis)
    • Swinhoe's Pheasant (Lophura swinhoii)
    • Mikado Pheasant (Syrmaticus mikado)
  • Megalaimidae
    • Taiwan Barbet (Megalaima nuchalis)
  • Corvidae
    • Formosan Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)
  • Paridae
    • Yellow Tit (Macholophus holsti)
  • Pycnonotidae
    • Styan's Bulbul (Pycnonotus taivanus)
  • Regulidae
    • Flamecrest (Regulus goodfellowi)
  • Megaluridae
    • Taiwan Bush-Warbler (Bradypterus alishanensis)
  • Muscicapidae
    • Collared Bush-Robin (Tarsiger johnstoniae)
  • Turdidae
    • Formosan Whistling-Thrush (Myophonus insularis)
  • Timaliidae
    • Rufous-crowned Laughinghrush (Garrulax ruficeps)
    • Taiwan Hwamei (Garrulax taewanus)
    • White-whiskered Laughingthrush (Garrulax morrisonianus)
    • Steere's Liocichla (Liocichla steerii)
    • Black-necklaced Scimitar-Babbler (Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis)
    • Taiwan Scimitar-Babbler (Pomatorhinus musicus)
    • Taiwan Wren-Babbler (Pnoepyga formosana)
    • Taiwan Barwing (Actinodura morrisoniana)
    • Taiwan Fulvetta (Alcippe formosana)
    • White-eared Sibia (Heterophasia auricularis)  
  • Zosteropidae
    • Taiwan Yuhina (Yuhina brunneiceps)
  • Fringillidae
  • Taiwan Rosefinch (Carpodacus formosanus)


...and the Endemic Subspecies

  • Phasianide
  • Chinese Bamboo-Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus) : Endemic subspecies (B. t. sonorivox)
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus): Native Population is endemic subspecies (P. c. formosanus)
  • Accipitridae
    • Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela): Endemic subspecies (S. c. hoya)
    • Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus): Endemic subspecies (A. t. formosae)
    • Besra (Accipiter virgatus): Native population is endemic subspecies (A. v. fuscipectus)
  • Rallidae
    • Slaty-legged Crake (Rallina eurizonoides): Endemic subspecies (R. e. formosana)
    • Slaty-breasted Rail (Gallirallus striatus): Native population is endemic subspecies (G. s. taiwanus)
  • Turnicidae
    • Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator): Endemic subspecies (T. s. rostratus)
  • Columbidae
    • Oriental Turtle-Dove (Streptopelia orientalis): Native population is endemic subspecies (S. o. orii)
    • Whistling Green-Pigeon (Treron formosae): Endemic subspecies (T. f. formosae)
  • Tytonidae
    • Australasian Grass-Owl (Tyto longimembris): Native population is endemic subspecies (T. l. pithecops)
  • Strigidae
    • Mountain Scops-Owl (Otus spilocephalus): Endemic subspecies (O. s. hambroecki)
    • Collared Scops-Owl (Otus lettia): Native population is endemic subspecies (O. l. glabripes)
    • Ryukyu Scops-Owl (Otus elegans): Endemic subspecies (O. e. botelensis)
    • Collared Owlet (Glaucidium brodiei): Endemic subspecies (G. b. pardalotum)
    • Tawny Owl (Strix aluco): Endemic subspecies (S. a. yamadae)
  • Caprimulgidae
    • Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis): Native population is endemic subspecies (C. a. stictomus)
  • Apodidae
    • Silver-backed Needletail (Hirundapus cochinchinensis): Endemic subspecies (H. c. formosanus)
    • House Swift (Apus nipalensis): Native population is endemic subspecies (A. n. kuntzi)
  • Picidae
    • White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos): Endemic subspecies (D. l. insularis)
  • Oriolidae
    • Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii): Endemic subspecies (O. t. ardens)
  • Dicruridae
    • Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus): Native population is endemic subspecies (D. m. harterti)
    • Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus): Endemic subspecies (D. a. braunianus)
  • Monarchidae
    • Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea): Native population is endemic subspecies (H. a. oberholseri)
  • Corvidae
    • Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius): Endemic subspecies (G. g. taivanus)
    • Gray Treepie (Dendrocitta formosae): Native population is endemic subspecies (D. f. formosae)
    • Eurasian Nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes): Endemic subspecies (N. c. owstoni)
  • Paridae
    • Coal Tit (Periparus ater): Endemic subspecies (P. a. ptilosus)
    • Green-backed Tit (Parus monticolus): Endemic subspecies (P. m. insperatus)
    • Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius): Endemic subspecies (S. v. castaneoventris)  
  • Cettiidae
    • Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler (Cettia fortipes): Native population is Endemic subspecies (C. f. robustipes)
    • Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler (Cettia acanthizoides): Endemic subspecies (C. a. concolor)  
  • Troglodytidae
    • Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes): Endemic subspecies (T. t. taivanus)
  • Pycnonotidae
    • Collared Finchbill (Spizixos semitorques): Endemic subspecies (S. s. cinereicapillus)
    • Light-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus sinensis): Native population is endemic subspecies (P. s. formosae)
    • Brown-eared Bulbul (Ixos amaurotis): Native population is endemic subspecies (I. a. harterti)
    • Black Bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus): Native population is endemic subspecies (H. l. nigerrimus)  
  • Cisticolidae
    • Golden-headed Cisticola (Cisticola exilis): Endemic subspecies (C. e. volitans)
    • Striated Prinia (Prinia crinigera): Endemic subspecies (P. c. striata)
    • Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata): Native population is endemic subspecies (P. i. flavirostris)  
  • Sylviidae
    • Vinous-throated Parrotbill (Paradoxornis webbianus): Endemic subspecies (P. w. bulomachus)
    • Golden Parrotbill (Paradoxornis verreauxi): Endemic subspecies (P. v. morrisonianus)  
  • Muscicapidae
    • Snowy-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula hyperythra): Endemic subspecies (F. h. innexa)
    • Vivid Niltava (Niltava vivida): Endemic subspecies (N. v. vivida)
    • White-browed Bush-Robin (Tarsiger indicus): Endemic subspecies (T. i. formosanus)
    • Plumbeous Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosa): Native population is endemic subspecies (R. f. affinis)
    • White-tailed Robin (Cinclidium leucurum): Endemic subspecies (C. l. montium)  
    • Little Forktail (Enicurus scouleri): Endemic subspecies (E. s. fortis)
  • Turdidae
    • Island Thrush (Turdus poliocephalus): Endemic subspecies (T. p. niveiceps)
    • White-browed Shortwing (Brachypteryx montana): Endemic subspecies (B. m. goodfellowi)  
  • Timaliidae
    • Rusty Laughingthrush (Garrulax poecilorhynchus): Endemic subspecies (G. p. poecilorhynchus)
    • Rufous-capped Babbler (Stachyris ruficeps): Endemic subspecies (S. r. praecognita)
    • Dusky Fulvetta (Alcippe brunnea): Endemic subspecies (A. b. brunnea)
    • Gray-cheeked Fulvetta (Alcippe morrisonia): Endemic subspecies (A. m. morrisonia)  
  • Sturnidae
    • Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus): Native population is endemic subspecies (A. c. formosanus)
  • Dicaeidae
    • Plain Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor): Endemic subspecies (D. c. uchidai)
    • Fire-breasted Flowerpecker (Dicaeum ignipectum): Endemic subspecies (D. i. formosum)  
  • Prunellidae
    • Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris): Endemic subspecies (P. c. fennelli)
  • Fringillidae
    • Brown Bullfinch (Pyrrhula nipalensis): Endemic subspecies (P. n. uchidae)
    • Gray-headed Bullfinch (Pyrrhula erythaca): Endemic subspecies (P. e. owstoni)
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