Biography of Grandmaster Chian Ho Yin

 
Grandmaster Chian Ho Yin

Grandmaster Yin’s Chinese family name is (Yǐn), his given name is 千合 (Qiānhé), and his adult name is 百洽 (Bǎiqià). He was born in Xintai, Shandong province, China, on December 20, 1903, during the Qing Dynasty. Grandmaster Yin was sickly as a youth, so he started to take Shaolin (少林拳) lessons. Grandmaster Yin loved Shaolin, and practiced diligently day after day. As a result, his health gradually improved. While studying, he took acupuncture lessons and also studied  Tai Chi (Taijiquan, 太極拳) under a famous Tai Chi master, An Dingbang (安定邦), who was teaching at Beijing Qiangjian Sports Academy (北平強健体育社) in Beijing. According to a written document from Grandmaster Yin, An Dingbang was a pupil of Wu Jianquan (吳鑑泉), who was teaching in Beijing at that time, and the style was traditional Yang-style Large-frame Tai Chi (楊式大架太極拳), which descended from Yang Shaohou (楊少侯) to Wu Jianquan to An Dingbang. Grandmaster Yin became a master of 108-form Traditional Tai Chi. Grandmaster Yin also studied Qigong under a Qigong master, Yang () Zhaochan, also known as Zhouqing (周清), a Daoist priest.

Grandmaster Yin's Qigong Teacher, Zhou Qing or Yang Zhaochan
Yang Zhaochan, Daoist Qigong Master

During the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War, Grandmaster Yin joined the National Revolutionary Army led by Chiang Kai-shek. He used Shaolin to train his men and he lead his troops against the enemy. However, by 1949, the Chinese Communist Party had defeated the Chinese Nationalist Party, establishing the People’s Republic of China. Chiang Kai-shek fled, and ordered all Nationalists on the mainland to evacuate to Taiwan. Grandmaster Yin was forced to flee his homeland for Taiwan.

To elude his Communist pursuers, Grandmaster Yin decided to use his given name, 千合 (Qiānhé), insted of his adult name, 百洽 (Bǎiqià). While teaching in an elementary school in Puyan, Changhua county, Grandmaster Yin began to write about the Chinese martial arts, in order to popularize them and share the benefits derived from them. He completed several books. Among them, Grandmaster Yin published Taijijian (Taiji Sword, 太極劍) (1958) and Chuangshang Jianshenshu Yu Kexue Baduanjin (Health Techniques on the Bed and Scientific Baduanjin, 牀上健身術与科学八段錦) (1958), Jinghong Jianshu (Jinghong Sword, 驚虹劍術) (1960), and Yannian Yishou (Increase Longevity, 延年益壽) (1961) in Taichung, Taiwan.

Taiji Sword
Taiji Sword
Health Techniques on the Bed and Scientific Baduanjin
Health Techniques
on the Bed and
Scientific Baduanjin
Jinghong Sword
Jinghong Sword
Increase Longevity
Increase Longevity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


With the publishing of the two books in 1958, Grandmaster Yin moved to Changhua and began to teach Chinese martial arts in a government school (民衆服務社). In 1969, Grandmaster Yin opened his own Chinese martial arts school in Changhua, utilizing the open space in his yard as a training ground. The name of the school was Zhongxing Guoshu Guan (Zhongxing Chinese Martial Arts School, 中興國術館). In the school, Grandmaster Yin taught both Shaolin and Tai Chi.

In 1974, Grandmaster Yin's top student, Lu Chengcang (盧澄滄), received an offer for a Chinese martial arts movie. Grandmaster Yin came to Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, with Lu Chengcang and an interpreter. However, the movie did not work out. Grandmaster Yin and Lu Chengcang started teaching Chinese martial arts in Salt Lake City. Grandmaster Yin returned to Taiwan in 1975, but permanently immigrated to the USA in December 1976. His American name was Chian Ho Yin. In Salt Lake City, Grandmaster Yin continued to teach Shaolin and Tai Chi in schools or church basements with Lu Chengcang.

One of Grandmaster Yin’s students from Taiwan, whose American name was Shie Ming Hwang, was teaching Chinese martial arts in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He asked Grandmaster Yin to help him. Grandmaster Yin accepted the offer, and taught Chinese martial arts to students of Shie Ming Hwang. Grandmaster Yin chose Milwaukee as his permanent home in the USA, and eventually opened his own Chinese martial arts school in downtown Milwaukee in 1979. It was called the Chinese Kung Fu Center in English, and 中國功夫中心 (Zhōngguó Gōngfu Zhōngxīn) in Chinese. The school offered Shaolin classes and Tai Chi classes. There were only a few students at the beginning, but student numbers gradually increased until there were over one hundred students. (Grandmaster Yin's Chinese Kung Fu Center closed in 2004.)

Grandmaster Yin had a heart attack and passed away on June 30th, 1988, at the age of eighty-four. Today, Grandmaster Yin sleeps in Mofan Huayuan Cemetery on a hill, Dadu Shan, located between Changhua and Taichung.

Grandmaster Yin set great store on moral education. For him, the Chinese martial arts were not only about teaching the skills, but also an opportunity to teach morals. Grandmaster Yin demanded that his students not only practice the skills, but also develop their characters. (Please refer Morals and Attitudes for Chinese Martial Arts.)

Grandmaster Yin loved the Chinese martial arts. He was proud of this culture which had descended from generation to generation over two millennia in China. In an effort to pass on the Chinese martial arts to the next generation, he taught everything that he had learned to his students. He continued teaching the Chinese martial arts until just before his death, and he exerted a strong influence upon the lives of his students. Today, Grandmaster Yin is still respected and honored by his students and their families, not only as a skilled master of the Chinese martial arts, but also as a great teacher, mentor, and example of how to live one’s life.

I wish for all my students to be good gentlemen and ladies.
“Strong man, rich man, gentleman.”
                                                                      Chian Ho Yin

 
For more details about Grandmaster Chian Ho Yin, refer to eBook, Tai Chi / Chian Ho Yin 太極拳/尹千合.