Perestroika and Glasnost 1985

Mikhail Gorbachev

posted Mar 25, 2012, 6:14 AM by Alexander Szajko

Mikhail Gorbachev became the President of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985. 

Gorbachev brought about two new policies in the USSR - Perestroika and Glasnost. Both of these plans were attempts at reforming USSR politics. 

Gorbachev also became friends with American President Ronald Reagan. Gorbachev would meet with Reagan often to limit the number of missiles each country had. This relationship was very important to ending the Cold War because Reagan wanted the USSR to become democratic. In 1991, it did. 



posted Mar 25, 2012, 6:06 AM by Alexander Szajko   [ updated Mar 25, 2012, 6:08 AM ]

Glasnost is Russian for "Openness."

Glasnost did away with the strict censorship, which the government had practiced for decades. 

Russian for "openness," glasnost allowed Soviet citizens to speak openly about their society's problems. Banned books were made available, and Soviets could hear foreign radio broadcasts.


posted Mar 25, 2012, 6:03 AM by Alexander Szajko

Perestroika is Russian for "restructuring." 

Perestroika was not an attempt by Gorbachev to destroy communism, but an attempt to end the ineffciency and corruption that were so common in the USSR. 

Some features of private enterprise returned under perestroika. Product prices would rise when production costs rose. Local factories had more power of their decisions as planning was decentralized. 

Democratic Elections:
Finally, democratic elections would be held, although each candidate had to be a member of the communist party.

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