The main goals of a smart-city are to improve
sustainability and liveability, to ease city government and organization, and
to increase services to the citizens. Fulfill those requirements is not trivial
and there are several factors which hinder the actualization of such a
paradigm. Among the others, a key aspect is the dynamicity of the city,
intrinsically determined by its living entities: new districts are built, the
population increases, people embrace new lifestyles, new exigencies and new
criticalities emerge. Such changes can be both temporarily or permanent. A
traffic Jam, a union protest, a musical event may cause an alteration of the
city which lasts few days/hours whilst a new transportation line or a new mall
can cause a permanent change; therefore, infrastructures and services should be
continuously adapted to meet the expectations of the citizen, as well the
Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of their communication needs.
Within this challenging
context, the SWANSITY workshop has two main objectives.
The first objective is to investigate how the concept of Self-Organizing Networks (SON) can be applied to the Smart-Cities paradigm in order to: (i) rapidly deploy, extend, and manage the network connectivity, (ii) deploy new services, (iii) reduce the CAPital and OPerating EXpenditures (CAPEX and OPEX). We believe that the research solutions emerged from this area can be of extreme interest for the stakeholders (e.g. municipalities) investing on the deployment of a city-wide infrastructure, and might also provide -in general- new insights on the behaviour and on techniques to manage the complexity of large-scale distributed systems characterized by the presence of several interacting heterogeneous nodes (like the wireless ones).
The second objective is to investigate the full potential of end users devices in the context of a pervasive network access scenario. Traditionally, these devices have been considered the “leaf” node of the network infrastructure (i.e. the traffic source/destination). However, their increasing processing power and communication capabilities may also suggest novel paradigms of ubiquitous computing. More specifically, our workshop aims at investigating whether end-user devices, augmented to present self-organizing capabilities, can also participate to the city-wide network management, for instance actively contributing to data forwarding. Such a possibility might provide a key technological enabler to favor the raising of the “collective intelligence” which is one of the distinctive characteristic of a smart city. At the same time, this solution might provide several economical benefits for the stakeholders, like the possibility to create self-organizing structures that grow up with the number of users and the shared equipments, that scale the resources (e.g. number of network access points) to the effective needs and to the changes of the city.