Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever Dog Breed

Aliases: Goldie, Goldens

Life Span: 10-13 years.
Litter Size: 8-12
Group: Sporting
Recognized By: CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC
Color: The coat color of a Golden can range from a light cream color, into the yellows, or even into darker golden or copper shades.
Hair Length: Long
Size: Large
Shedding: Moderate Shed
Male Height: 23-24 inches
Male Weight: 65-75 pounds
Female Height: 21.5-22.5 inches
Female Weight: 55-65 pounds
Living Area: The Golden Retriever does well in different living situations as long as their family takes the time to make sure they are well exercised. While a large fenced yard or a secure area that provides room to run and play is ideal, a Golden Retriever can also thrive in an apartment environment. In this situation, it is important to check with local parks and public areas to determine what their rules are in regards to dogs and other pets, and see what would be most suitable for taking your dog to for play and exercise time.


The Golden Retriever is divided into two groups, primarily based on their appearance. The first group is the English, and they are shorter, bigger-boned, and tend to have longer coats that are lighter in color. The American group tends to be lanky with longer limbs, and have characteristics that are more similar to the origins of their breed.

Their broad heads are connected to wide muzzles. They have brown expressive eyes and a black nose, and as they mature, their chests become broad and their bodies become muscular, and their tails are always wagging.

Generally, a Golden Retriever is filled with confidence and that comes through by the way they carry themselves. They appear strong and athletic, and their body is symmetrical. Their peaceful attitude and affectionate personalities are apparent in their posture and in the way they interact with their humans.

Coat Description

The Golden Retriever has a double coat. The outer coat is soft, feathery, and can be straight or wavy. The undercoat allows the Golden to repel water and stay warm in extreme cold, and then will shed throughout the year, but more in the spring. This gives the Golden Retriever coat a versatile quality, since the coat allows for the Golden to be comfortable in virtually any season of the year. Shedding can be managed by putting some time aside throughout the week to keep up on grooming, and if your dog is likely to spend the majority of it\'s time indoors, it may be a good idea to invest in a good vacuum cleaner to clean up any hair missed in your grooming routine.


This highly intelligent and social dog has a history that traces back to the late 1800\'s, where written records indicate that Lord Tweedmouth of developed them. His desire was to produce a dog that was skillful in hunting and tracking, as well as retrieving waterfowl. In addition, he wanted a hunting partner that was beautiful to watch work. It is believed that the breed began by crossing a yellow dog with the now-extinct water spaniel, and through the years, the breed has evolved into a dog with popularity that has stood the test of time.

Golden Retrievers are not believed to have been brought to until the 1890\'s, and they were not presented in dog shows until the 1920\'s.


Outgoing and social, the Golden Retriever makes a loyal family pet. Their sweet dispositions make them patient and gentle with children and they are generally tolerant of other pets. It is important to remember that they are excitable as pups, and can accidentally knock children over while playing. Aggressiveness in well-bred Golden Retrievers is not common, but improper breeding can raise the chances of aggression issues. Instead, these dogs are people lovers who prefer to have as much human contact as possible, and can tend to get themselves into trouble if they are frequently left alone. Being forced from their family members for long periods can result in a very unhappy Golden Retriever that could suffer from separation anxiety. Golden Retrievers do not make the best of guard dogs. They will bark at strangers, but seem to be more interested in meeting and making friends with them than they are defending their family against them. They are affectionate, loving and loyal, and try hard to please their people.

Golden Retrievers have a high energy level. These fun loving dogs enjoy nothing more than to play fetch or retrieve a stick during play, and their love for water makes for not only interesting play, but also plays a part in their strong hunting skills.

Their high level of intelligence enables them to excel in obedience training. They are often trained and used as service dogs to the blind and disabled. Their friendly and affectionate personalities also make them ideal visitors for retirement homes and allow them to be effective therapy dogs.

The Golden Retriever was created in Great Britain in the 1800's as a game retrieving dog.

Today, Goldens are used for a variety of purposes such as companion dogs, guide dogs, field trials, and service dogs.

Lovable and always happy are words that describe the Golden Retriever best. These spunky dogs love to please their owners are are very easy to train. They do great with children and other animals and their sweet disposition makes them an ideal family pet. Although they generally love everyone, they will alert their owners to the presence of a stranger. They do tend to have a lot of energy so activities that incorporate endurance are ideal for them.  They do best when given tasks to do such as hunting, retrieving or performing activities. These dogs are also great swimmers so if you are near water they are likely to jump right in.

Goldens have beautiful almond shaped dark brown eyes with ears that lay close to the face. Their nose is either black or brownish brown. Having a muscular neck, sturdy shoulders and a straight, level top line is the form that a Golden should strive for. They have a tail that is thick at the base and narrows as it lengthens with a slight curve when raised. Their legs are stong and muscular as they extend into their medium sized compact feet with thick toe pads. These dogs have a double coat which helps to protect them from the different elements of the weather. Their undercoat is very dense and is somewhat water resistant while the outer coat is firm and lies close to the body. The legs, abdomen and tail have a natural feathering to them while the frot of the legs and face are smooth with short hair. The color of the coat varies depending on the individual dog however it is not uncommon for the feathering to be a lighter shade of gold than the rest of the coat. Any shades of gold are acceptable with white spots being allowed.