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Goss and Wyoming Valley Background

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This section of the family story recounts the coming of the Goss line to the Wyoming Valley a generation before the Sutliffs, made the ~200 mile passage from Connecticut.  We include a discussion of the conflict between the states of Connecticut and Pennsylvania over the ownership of the Valley which was settled in principle by 1800 but not in practice for at least another decade.  

Major Links: 
history of Mayflower William While line to Philip Goss:   https://sites.google.com/site/sutlifffamilyhistory/home/mayflower-link
Goss Notes: references, discussion, etc

 First, a historical and geographic introduction to the land of promise
Although Sutliff and Goss families were early settlers of Huntington Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania (PA) and occupied adjacent properties for many years, it would be over a century before they would be joined in marriage. Philip Goss and a generation later, Pvt Abel Sutliff, led their families from Connecticut (CT) to a land of promise - via a difficult and dangerous route - in the context of a period when the thirteen colonies fought a lengthy war to became a nation as two colonies engaged in a deadly scuffle over ownership of the Wyoming Valley and native inhabitants fought those who would exploit their land.
Section of Luzerne County settled by the Sutliff and Goss families 1769 - 1800

This 1792 map identifies the 5 original townships occupied by the Connecticut Yankees. This section of the Wyoming Valley was sparsely settled by native tribes - Shawanese, Delaware, and Nanticoke Indians and controlled by 
the "Six Nation Indians." Early descriptions detail the beauty of the area, the aboriginals, early Indian settlementsthe earliest visits of white explorers, and the Moravian missionaries.

By the middle of 18th Century venturous New Englanders had exhausted the unoccupied farm land of Massachusetts and Connecticut.

"To many of the inhabitants of rocky and infertile eastern Connecticut, about the year 1750, the marvelous richness and beauty of this valley of Wyoming had become known through the enthusiastic reports carried back from here, from time to time, by a few adventurous traders and explorers. On the rocky hill-sides of Connecticut, where farming was the chief occupation, the population, which had doubled in less than a generation — as reported by Governor Fitch — "was beginning to seem redundant, and was already looking for some outlet. Connecticut, it was thought, had about reached the limit of its self-supporting capacity. The farming lands were all taken up, and there was no longer the same chance for the young men who were poor to achieve prosperity, as there had been for their fathers. The time had evidently arrived to begin the settlement of that vast tract beyond the Delaware River which belonged to the Colony by its Charter." 

Through Connecticut's Charter of 1662, the King had granted:

'ALL that parte of our dominions in Newe England in America bounded on the East by Norrogancett River, commonly called Norrogancett Bay, where the said River falleth into the Sea, and on the North by the lyne of the Massachusetts Plantacon, and on the south by the Sea, and in longitude as the lyne of the Massachusetts Colony, runinge from East to West, (that is to say) from the Said Norrogancett Bay on the East to the South Sea on the West parte, with the Islands thervnto adioyneinge, Together with all firme lands ... TO HAVE AND TO HOLD ... forever...'

This area ran directly through the  state of Pennsylvania and some 3000 miles west to the Pacific Ocean! The need for more land led some Connecticut residents to test the accuracy of the Charter with disastrous results.

"It was a land flowing with milk and honey, waiting to be occupied by the chosen people. True, the savage Canaanite. inhabited the land  — the Indian tribes who, under French influence, in case of war might be objectionable neighbors. There were suspicions, too, that the heirs of William Penn, Proprietors on the southern border of the tract, might be unfavorable to its occupation as a part of CT. But these considerations were easily disposed of. As to the Indians, the land would be purchased from them in a 'fair trade.' Still less was serious trouble to be expected from the peace-loving, non-resistant inhabitants of the 'City of Brotherly Love.' Were they not all mild and harmless Quakers — too fair-minded to question the indisputable title of CT claims". "Prior to May 9, 1717, it was legal for any freeman of Connecticut to purchase of the Indians their title to "un-located" lands within the Colony; and this was a sufficient title. But this method of proceeding being attended with difficulty, it was enacted by the General Assembly of the Colony— after premising that difficulties arose "by reason of so many purchases of lands made of the Indians without the preceding allowance or subsequent approbation of the General Assembly"— that "all lands in this Government are beholden of the King of Great Britain as Lord of the fee; and that no title to any lands in this Colony can accrue, by any purchase made of the Indians on pretense of their being native proprietors thereof, without the allowance or approbation of this Assembly." 
Chronology of Events Related to Settling in the Wyoming Valley: 1750-1800

1753— Memorial, relative to lands at Wyoming, presented by certain inhabitants of CT to the General Assembly of that Colony.
—July 18. "The Susquehanna Company" organized at Windham, CT
—October. Exploring and purchasing committee of The Susquehanna Company visits Wyoming.
1754 — April. Many Indians, under the leadership of Teedyuscung , remove from Gnadenhiitten Wyoming and locate within
the present limits of Wilkes-Barre.
— July. Moravian missionaries B. A. Grube and C. G. Rundt from Gnadenhiitten spend some days at Wyoming preaching to the Indians.
— July 11. Deed from Six Nation Indians conveying the Wyoming region to The Susquehanna Company for 2,000 pounds is executed at Albany, New York.

— Autumn. Representatives of the Company come to sign and check-out the land
— March. Christian Frederick Post, a Moravian missionary, establishes himself at Wyoming to minister to the Indian converts here, and entertain visiting missionaries.
— July. Missionaries Zeisberger and Seidel at Wyoming.
— October. Zeisberger and Seidel are again at Wyoming preaching to the Indians.
1758 — May 22. Teedyuscung and his Delawares again settle down in Wyoming, and the work of building houses for them is resumed by white workmen in the employ of the Pennsylvania Government.
— May 27. The first death of a white man — killed and scalped by inimical Indians occurs in Wyoming.
1762 — March. David Zeisberger goes on a mission to the Indians at Wyoming.
— May 19. The Susquehanna Company decides to effect a settlement upon their lands at Wyoming.
— June. Important conference at Easton, PA between Governor Hamilton of Pennsylvania, Sir Wm. Johnson (British Indian agent), and Teedyuscung and other chiefs of the Delaware Indians.
— August. Conference at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, between Governor Hamilton and Six Nation, Delaware and Shawanese Indians.
— September. Under the auspices of The Susquehanna Company. 119 settlers locate near the mouth of Mill Creek, within the limits of what was later the township of Wilkes-Barre, and begin to build three small block-houses.
1763 — Deed to The Susquehanna Company — confirming the sale of Wyoming lands made in June executed by Six Nation Indians.
— April 19. The Delaware King, Teedyuscung, burnt to death in his house within the present limits of Wilkes-Barre.
— May. The settlement at Mill Creek is renewed by a large number of people under The Susquehanna Company.
— June. The red men's occupancy of Wyoming Valley comes to an end.
— October 15. Delaware Indians attack the settlers at Mill Creek, some of whom are massacred, others are driven out of the valley, the 
remainder carried off as prisoners.
1764 — Wyoming Valley uninhabited by either whites or Indians. 
A colorful mural in which Penn is standing, arms outstretched, between a group of people, and two ships awaiting passengers that are moored behind him.

William Penn's Vision

1765— John Anderson, Capt. John Dick and Capt. Amos Ogden, Pennsylvania and New Jersey men,  locate in Wyoming Valley as Indian traders, under authority received from Sir William 
—December 8. The "Manor of Sunbury" surveyed at Wyoming for the Proprietaries of PA. 
—December 9. The "Manor of Stoke" (comprehending the present city and township of Wilkes-Barre) located and surveyed for the Proprietaries of PA.
—December. Captain Ogden, John Anderson, Charles Stewart, Alexander Patterson, John Jennings, and several other Pennsylvanians and New Jersey men, with the intention of becoming lessees or purchasers of the Proprietary lands at Wyoming, erect a small block-house at Mill Creek and establish themselves therein. —December 28. The Susquehanna Company formally decides to retake possession of its lands in Wyoming and settle the same.

, in Hartford, Connecticut, the Susquehanna Company resolved "that five townships, five miles square, should be surveyed and granted, each to forty settlers, being proprietors, owners of land, on condition that those settlers should remain upon the ground, man their rights, and defend themselves 
and each other, from the intrusion of all rival claimants."  
The five townships assigned to these adventurers were Wilkes-Barre, Hanover, Kingston, Plymouth, and Pittston.  
The lands were divided into "rights" of 400 acres each, reserving three rights in each township for the public use of a gospel ministry and schools.  These claimants were called the Yankees[the Yankees vs, the Penns]

At the same time, the Penns leased to Charles STEWART, Captain Amos OGDEN, and Sheriff JENNINGS of Northampton County, one hundred acres for seven years on the condition that the lands be defended from the Connecticut claimants.  These people were known as the Pennamites, and they arrived first in Wyoming Valley, in January, 1769.  They took possession of the block-house and huts at Mill Creek (about one mile above the present city of Wilkes-Barre), which had been left by the massacred settlers of 1763.  They laid out for the Proprietaries (the heirs of William Penn) two extensive manors, Stoke on the east bank, and Sunbury on the west bank of the Susquehanna.

These manors embraced more than 30,000 acres in the heart of the Wyoming Valley. 

1759 Wyoming Valley Map

- February 8. The " first forty " settlers under The Susquehanna Company arrive at Wyoming. 

—May 12. A large body of settlers, led by Maj. John Durkee, with authority from The Susquehanna Company, arrives at Wyoming from CT and NY, and the erection of Fort Durkee is begun on the river bank near the present Ross Street, Wilkes-Barre. (group includes Philip Goss, and sons)
— June 22. Col. Turbutt Francis, in command of a small bod
y of armed Pennsylvanians, comes to Wyoming from Fort Augusta (now Sunbury, PA) and orders the New Englanders to leave the valley.
— July. The town (township) of Wilkes-Barre located and named by Major Durkee.
—August 29. A large number of settlers under The Susquehanna Company, at Wilkes-Barre, petition the General Assembly of Connecticut to erect the lands at Wyoming into a county.
—September. The five "settling-towns" in Wyoming Valley surveyed under the direction of Major Durkee.
—September. The First Pennamite-Yankee War is begun.

—November 14. Fort Durkee is surrendered to the Pennamites by the Yankees, and the latter are driven from the valley again.

1770 —February 11. Capt. Lazarus Stewart and his " Paxtang Boys" come to Wilkes Barre to co-operate with the Yankees. They regain possession of Fort Durkee. 
—June. Wilkes-Barre town-plot is surveyed and plotted, and lots are drawn by the proprietors of the township.
—June 28. Governor Penn of Pennsylvania issues a proclamation prohibiting any person from settling at Wyoming without authority from the Proprietaries of the Province. 
1771- January 18. The erection of Fort Wyoming is begun by the Pennamites on the river bank near the present Northampton Street, Wilkes-Barre. 
— August 15. Fort Wyoming is surrendered by the Pennamites, after a siege of twenty-six days by a force of Yankees under the command of Capt. Zebulon Butler. 
1772— March. Northumberland County (comprehending Wyoming Valley) is erected by Act of the Pennsylvania Assembly. 
— First grist-mill erected in Wyoming Valley— on Mill Creek. 
— April. Survey of Wilkes-Barre township completed, and lots finally distribute to the yankees 
— November. Forty Fort erected in Kingston Township. 
1773Connecticut received a favorable reply from England in 1773 regarding title to the Susquehanna River area. "Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull openly favored settlement.... Responding to this lead, the Assembly appointed a committee to seek an agreement with Pennsylvania which would open the way for peaceful settlement, but the effort failed completely"  What ensued was a battle between "Radicals" who saw great economic gains for both the individual and the state from settling the area and "Conservatives" who feared "the western claims would endanger the charter; and the dominant role of the hated 'eastern Radicals' in the Susquehanna Company."  The town of Westmoreland was established as a town and later a county of Connecticut.
June 2 -. The Susquehanna Company adopts "Articles of Agreement," or a code of laws, for the government of the Wyoming settlements, and " Directors " in and for the six Wyoming townships are appointed. 
1774 — January. The Wyoming region is erected by the General Assembly of Connecticut into the town of Westmoreland, and attached to Litchfield County, CT. 
— March 1. The town of Westmoreland is formally organized by an election of officers, and the transaction of other business, at a "town-meeting" held in Wilkes-Barre. 
1775 — May. The 24th, or Westmoreland, Regiment of Connecticut Militia established, with Zebulon Butler as Colonel. 
-July. Conference of Indians from New York with Col. Zebulon Butler at Wilkes-Barre. 
— August 8. The inhabitants of Westmoreland, assembled in town-meeting at Wilkes-Barre, resolve that they will " unani
mously join " their " brethren in America in the common cause of defending " their liberty'. 
— September 28. Pennamites attack Connecticut settlers on the West Branch of the Susquehanna, wounding and killing some and taking others prisoners. 
— November 4. Congress recommends that the Province of Pennsylvania should put a stop to hostilities against the Yankees in the Wyoming region
— December 25. The Plunket invasion and the battle of "Rampart Rocks." Termination of the First Pennamite-Yankee War. 
1776 — March 6. Sixty-six men of Westmoreland organize themselves into a military company and offer their  services to the Continental Congress to " engage in the common cause as soldiers in the defense of liberty." 
— August 24. At a town-meeting held in Wilkes-Barre the inhabitants of Westmoreland vote to erect suitable forts as a defense against the " common enemy." 
-September 17. The two " Wyoming, or Westmoreland, Independent Companies " enlisted a few weeks previously are mustered into the Continental service at Wilkes-Barre. 
— October. The town of Westmoreland is erected into the county of Westmoreland, of the State of CT, by the General Assemby of that State. 
1777 — January 1. The "Wyoming Independent Companies" march from Wilkes-Barre to New Jersey, where they take part in the battle of Millstone River, January 20. 
— January. A large party of Indians from New York, en route to Easton, Pennsylvania, spend several days at Wilkes-Barre and confer with the local authorities. 

— May 1. A conference is held at Wilkes-Barre between a delegation of Six Nation Indians and a committee of Westmoreland inhabitants. 
1778 —
July 3. Battle and massacre.

 Wyoming Massacre Portrait
— July 4. Capitulation of Forty Fort. Wilkes-Barre almost wholly destroyed by the Indians. 
— August 4. Continental soldiers and Westmoreland militia commanded by Col.  Butler march into Wyoming Valley and establish " Camp Westmoreland " at Wilkes-Barre. 
— October 28. The remains of the Westmorelanders who lost their lives in the battle and massacre of July 3, 1778, are gathered up and interred. 
— October. Fort Wyoming (the second work of defense to bear that name) is erected on the River Common near Northampton Street. 
— November 2. Frances Slocum carried into captivity by Indians.

When the main theater of the Revolutionary War slipped south to Georgia and the Carolinas in the summer of 1778, the headquarters for both the British and Continental armies remained in the north. While the British leadership stayed in New York City, Washington's Continentals lay along an arc between southwestern Connecticut and the mouth of the Raritan River in New Jersey. Both sides watched each other, often hoping to take decisive offensive action but hesitating to do so. Instead, they waited for news of decisive victory at sea or in the south, or for political and diplomatic developments that would break the stalemate. Civilians, both ordinary and eminent, seemed to lose interest in the war, as price inflation, graft, corruption, political intrigue, and war weariness blossomed. It was a trajectory that would lead directly to Benedict Arnold's treason in 1781 and the mutinies in the Continental Line in 1780 and 1781.

On the northern frontier, Indians, Loyalists, and a few regular British ranger units grew more aggressive. The chronic clashes and resentments among Pennsylvanians, Yankees, and Indians in the upper Susquehanna, or Wyoming Valley, exploded in late 1778 in the crushing losses by the revolutionary side at the markerBattle of Wyoming. Political pressure mounted to do something to break the stalemate, and especially to repulse Indian threats on the frontier.

In late 1778, Washington decided to mount a punitive expedition into the heart of "Iroquoia," the Iroquois territory in the north. Geographically, the Six Nations Confederacy began along the Mohawk River Valley west of Albany, continued to the settlement of Tioga, in the Susquehanna Valley near the New York/Pennsylvania border, and from there extended west into the Great Lakes region. Washington then chose General John Sullivan of New Hampshire to lead the expedition.

Sullivan assembled 2,500 men at markerEaston, planning to march northwest through Wyoming into Iroquoia during the early spring of 1779. There he would meet and cooperate with two other wings of the expedition. Gen. James Clinton's forces were to advance from the Mohawk Valley southwest to meet Sullivan near Tioga, and Pennsylvania Col. Daniel Brodhead's smaller force was to travel up the Allegheny River from markerFort Pitt to meet the main body of troops in the Genesee country west of the Finger Lakes. Collectively, these three forces totaled approximately 5,000 men and reflected Washington's fondness for complex, multi-pronged strategic operations.
Oil on canvas of Joseph Brandt in colorful native American clothing and a head dress that includes a band and several green and white feathers. Small amounts of war paint adorn his cheeks.
Brant Thayendanegea, by Charles Willson Peale, 1797.

Sullivan spent more than a month at Easton, working on the logistical plans for the expedition before he took to the field in mid-June. It took his men more than a month to reach Wyoming. Clinton's troops were also delayed, being forced to dam Otsego Lake just to get their supplies and munitions to Tioga. Plagued by supply and morale problems, Brodhead's force never reached the front. Beginning in late August, however, Sullivan and Clinton conducted a successful "scorched earth" operation through the heart of Iroquoia, burning more than forty Iroquois villages and seizing or destroying enormous quantities of food. Their focus on the ecological destruction of Iroquoian society was not accidental. 

Washington's planning made it clear that he wanted to cripple Indian tribes in order to eliminate them as a factor of war. In this sense, American tactics reverted to the kind used in the large Anglo-Indian conflicts in Virginia and New England during the first generations of cultural contact in the seventeenth century. Helpless to resist the invasion, the Indians withdrew, offering only sporadic guerilla resistance. There were few major battles, and casualties were relatively light on both sides.

1779— April 11. First troops for the Sullivan Expedition reach Wilkes-Barre. 
— June 23. General Sullivan, with the main body of his army, arrives at Wilkes-Barre. 
— July 1. First public execution by hanging in Wyoming Valley. 
— July 5. An elaborate entertainment is held at Forty Fort "in celebration of the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence." 
— July 31. The Sullivan Expedition sets out from Wilkes-Barre on its march up the Susquehanna. 
— October 7. The Sullivan Expedition returns to Wilkes-Barre 
1780 — A Continental military garrison (the " Wyoming Post " ) is maintained at Wilkes- Barre under the command of Col. Zebulon Butler. 
1782 — May. Col. John Durkee, the founder of Wilkes-Barre, dies at Norwich, CT
— December 30. The " Decree of Trenton " is rendered. 
1783 — April. Pennsylvania troops garrison Fort Wyoming, and its name is changed to Fort Dickinson. 
— May. The Second Pennamite- Yankee War begins. 
— May. The Pennamites drive the majority of the Connecticut settlers from the valley by force. 
— July 24. Many dwelling-houses in Wilkes-Barre are burnt to the ground by the Pennamites. 
— August 2. The fight at Locust Hill occurs. 
— September 28. Fort Dickinson is besieged by the Yankees. 
— November 30. Fort Dickinson having been evacuated by the Pennamites is demolished by the Yankees, and the war is virtually ended. 
1786 — March. A scheme is on foot to erect a new State ("Westmoreland") out of the Wyoming region. 
— September 25. An Act erecting the county of Luzerne out of a portion of the Wyoming region is passed by the General Assembly of PA
1787— March 28. The Confirming Law (relating to land titles in certain townships in the Wyoming region) is enacted by the Pennsylvania Assembly. 
— May 29. The first courts of Luzerne County are opened and held at the house of Col. Zebulon Butler, Wilkes-Barre. 
1788 — May. The erection of the first Luzerne County Court House and Jail is begun on the Public Square. 
— June 26. Col. Timothy Pickering is abducted from his home on South Main Street and carried away captive. 
1790— April 1. The Confirming Law, having been suspended March 29, 1788, is repealed by the State Assembly. 
1794 — September. Capt. Samuel Bowman marches from Wilkes-Barre with his company of Light Infantry, raised for the provisional military force organized by the State to put down the " Whiskey Insurrection." 
1795 — July. A Post Office is established at Wilkes-Barre. 
1796 — First newspaper, The Herald of the Times (weekly), published in Wilkes-Barre. 
1799 — April 4. The Pennsylvania Legislature enacts the "Compromise Law," relating to lands lying " in he seventeen townships, Luzerne County."

—December 27. Public exercises held in the Court House in memory of General Washington, whose death occurred at Mt. Vernon December 14.

  • Taxable family members for Plymouth Twp.: 1776: Philip Goss, Jr., Philip Goss, Nathaniel Goss, Solomon Goss.
  • Taxable inhabitants of Huntington Twp.:1796: Elijah Austin, Ralph Austin, James Benscoter, Elam Boname, Henry Baker, Anthony Benscoter, Andrew Blancher, Isaac Benscoter, Daniel Culver, Aaron Culver, Reuben Culver, Reuben Blish, Darius Callender, John Chapin, James Earle, John Evans, John Fayd, Silas Ferry, Abiel Fellows, Ovil Fellows, Samuel Franklin, Daniel Fuller, Benjamin Fuller, George Fink, Amos Franklin, Nathaniel Goss, Elijah Goodwin, Doctor Gaylord, Philip Goss, Timothy Hopkins, Stephen Harrison, William Harrison, Caleb Hoyt, Samuel Hover, Emanuel Hover, Nathan Jennings, Joseph Kingsbury, Samuel King, Moses Lawrence, Elias Long, John Long, Rufus Lawrence, Jr., Rufus Lawrence, Sr., Joseph Moss, Nathan Monroe, John Miller, Solon Trescott, Gideon Post, Joseph Potter, John Potter, Jerry Preston, Loyd Marshall, Elijah Wood, Sr., Elijah Wood, Jr., Abel Sutliff, Miles Sutliff, Thomas Stephens, Jonathan Stevens, Amos Steward, Barney (Bernard) Sutliff, Eli Seward, Enos Seward, Jr., Enos Seward, Sr. (m. Sarah Goss), Gad Seward, Obadiah Scott, Jesse Scott, Obadiah Scott., Jr., Abraham Smith, Thomas Tubbs, Thomas Taylor, Nathan Tubbs, Earl Tubbs, Nathan Tubbs, Jr., Job Triipp, Jabez Williams, Uriah Williams, Thomas Williams, Tarball Whitney, Daniel Warner, John Wandall and David Woodward.

Discomforting News: The Final Land Settlement

From the 1804 Luzerne County Federalist: 7 April 1804
-Heirs to the estate of Arthur ERWIN, late of Bucks Co. appoint Joseph ERWIN, their Attorney in Fact. (See p. 1-2-5)
-To Rent - From two to five years, a valuable Stand, with a dwelling house, barn and a ferry-boat, situated on the east side of the Susquehanna, at Keeler's Ferry. It is well situated for a Store or a Tavern and will be rented on reasonable terms by Gideon OSTERHOUT, Jr.
-Taken up by the subscribers on the 4th April, inst., in the mouth of Shickshinny Creek, one barrel of Pork, marked E. S. The owner is desired to prove property, pay all charges and take it away. John and Peter KEISTER, Nescopeck

-The bill for dividing this County has passed both Houses of the PA Legislature, and there is no doubt but the governor will give it his approbation; the object of this measure is to ruin the Connecticut claimants, by setting them off to a county where the officers and people are extremely bitter against the Yankee interest, and where the Intrusion and Territorial laws may be rigidly executed, and the unfortunate Yankees be persecuted without mercy. The division line runs from the state line, due South to the North East corner of Claverack, thence West and South around to the South West corner of said township, then West to the line that separated Lycoming and Luzerne; consequently all the settlements in the neighborhood of Sheshequin are lost to us.

-A vast number of Rafts, Arks and Boats have descended the Susquehanna river the present spring. One Ark, belonging to Mr. IRWIN, of Newtown, has gone by, loaded with 150 bbls. Pork, 60 of Whiskey, and 100 of Flour. A Raft belonging to Mr. ANDROS, on which was a horse and about 20 bbls of Pork, unfortunately ran upon CATLIN'S stand in the night; the men were taken off by boats, but a part of the pork was lost, and the poor horse was not relieved for 48 hours, but was at length taken off totally blind.
Any account of the conflict over land ownership in the period 1780-1805 is complex and reflects the larger chaotic nature of the "states" prior to establishing a strong central government capable of resolving inter-state issues such as represented by the Yankee - Penns conflicts. As a visiting German noted in his journal; journal of Dr. Johann David Schopf, a German traveler who spent a few days in Wyoming, in August, 1783 (p. 1339)

"Wyoming — the settlement of this name, the chief place of which is really Wilksbury — lies in an extraordinarily fertile valley west of the Blue Mountains and on the Eastern Branch of the Susquehanna. Some twenty years ago a few New Englanders came hither, followed shortlyafter by people from anywhere, so that in a brief space ninety families had come in who would or could not live elsewhere. Fear of the law drove some of them, and the goodness of the land tempted others, to settle in this remote wilderness, cutoff from the inhabited parts by rugged and pathless mountains; but their numbers rapidly increasing, the country was soon changed to
a region of beautiful open fields."

A letter to Gov. Wm. Penn puts things into perspective:

"The bearer, R. [Peter] Kechlein, late Sheriff [of Northampton County], is a man of good sense, well acquainted in the County, has an interest and influence in it, and, as he knows divers of those whose applications have been so superciliously rejected and the New Jersey men preferred, I thought him a fit person to give you an account of such of their transactions as he knows. * * * But what avails it to be sensible of the mismanagement when we know not how to rectify it? As to what is already granted, that cannot be recalled. All that can be done is to put it out of the power of those gentlemen to grant more.

"If the New England people will not peaceably abandon their settlements (which appears not likely, after all their expense, trouble and fatigue), what can be done? To drive them off by force and violence is by no means eligible, and may prove unsuccessful. What then remains but to offer to the Pennsylvanians the lands not yet disposed of, on moderate terms, and to get men of spirit and influence (if any such there be !) to rouse and encourage them to make a settlement, late as it is. But I would not have them settle in a body, as the New England people have done,but upon separate plantations, and at a distance from one another; by which means they may yet get the whole land in their possession without bloodshed, and weary and tire out the New England men, already almost spent with fatigue and expense."

"Thus it has happened that the first settlements at Wyoming were made by New Englanders; and these have kept their hold there in matters of 
government. Pennsylvania on the other hand shows by its grant that the Wyoming region with other districts in dispute
lies in the midst of 
Pennsylvania's original
territory as fixed by England. These claims and assertions on the one side and the other have been the cause of many difficulties.
Pennsylvania as well as Connecticut sold and made over lands there, so that of the landowners of Wyoming, one held his land under the one State and
another under the other."
"With such dispositions animosities were inevitable, and thus, even before the outbreak of the Revolution there was a continual private war between
the Pennsylvania and New England parties in Wyoming. People fought over the right to the land. If a Pennsylvanian came with a deed to so much land, he must first see if it was already taken up by a New Englander. If so, he must attempt to gain possession by force; 
failing, he reserved his right
for the time, and chose an unsettled place in the neighborhood, from which after a few years, and improvement begun, he might very probably be
dispossessed by another New
Englander coming with a Connecticut deed. The New Englanders were always the stronger party. "
"In the early 1770s bloody fights took place between the colonists, when several lives were lost. Since the Peace these dissensions have been 
again renewed, and both States recently laid their claims before the Congress. A committee decided for Pennsylvania. The New England party is 
together dissatisfied with this judgment, because in this case they must lose their gains — Pennsylvania having long since granted to its own subjects
much of the land in dispute. » * * 
"Wyoming, according to the New England claim, lies in Westmoreland County; but in Pennsylvania it forms part of Northumberland County. The colony consists of Wilkes-Barre, the chief place, and a few smaller villages, as Nanticoke, Hanover, Abraham's [Plains], Jacob's Plains and Shawanese, in all of which there are probably 400 families. Wilkes-bury had a court-house* once, where the laws were administered after the manner of Connecticut, whence the Justices were sent.But during the disturbances of the war they lived some years in complete anarchy, without law, magistrates, taxes or priests. 'We act on our sense of honor, and depend pretty much on that', said the miller of the place; 'nothing can be gained by law and nobody punished. Our only rule is trust or distrust"

"Since a garrison was placed here, however, the commanding officer has at the same time acted as a Justice, without any recourse 
to military law. The inhabitants hear his opinion and adjust their dealings thereby, if that seems good to him. But the people of 
Wyoming, with all their freedom, and living on the most productive lands,are pauper-poor. The war was something of a set-back, but their sloth is still more so. [a bit of propaganda here more than likely] They live in miserable block-houses, are badly clothed, farm carelessly, and love easeful days. Last Winter [1782-'83] most of them sent all their corn and wheat over the 
mountains, turned it into cider and brandy (for they have not yet planted orchards themselves), so as to drink and dance away the tedium; and so, in the Spring, they had neither seedcorn nor bread, living meanwhile on milk and blackberries, or by hunting — and many of them on less — in expectation of the harvest, which has turned out well ; and now they 
are preparing for fresh quickenings. With all their negligence they had before the war a fine store of cattle, hogs, hemp, flax, etc, the superfluity of which being sold brought them what they needed. 
Of their mills, one was burnt by the Indians, and there was no water for the other. They must, therefore, send their corn 
fifty miles over the mountains ; or, whoever could not do this, was obliged to pound it in wooden troughs, after the fashion of the Indians. " (a bit of a put down by  Penns scribe-JWH)
see also: Charles Petrillo,  Naming Wilkesbarre (1988)      http://wilkes.edu/pages/198.asp

The Goss Line: From The "First" American Family to the Wyoming Valley


The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633John Lawrence, The Family of John Lawrence...the family of Philip Goss of Lancaster MA and Winchester NY 1891 96 pp. p. 33 Goss Families - first Settlers, and other sources. 

There has been considerable discussion about the first American Gosse. The recent publication of The Grea New England Migration appears to establish the place of John Gosse.

1. John Gosse born ~1600 in England, died  February 16, 1644. Arrived as one of first settlers of Watertown in 1630 probably with Gov, Winthrop. He became a "freeman" 19 May 1631.(Great Migration Vol. 1). They were required Join the establish church as wekk.  He served on a jury of inquest in which John Endicott was a defendant for Battery 3 May 1631. John and wife Sarah signed a deed by mark on 13 March 1643. In the Watertown Inventory of Grants "John Gosse" held eight parcels of land including an 8 acre homestall, 35 acres of upland in the Great Dividends, four acres of plowland in the Further Plain, four acres of Remote Meadow, a farm of forty-nine acres in the Seventh Division, and other properties. Gosse was shortened to Goss 

Sarah, had 7? children; Joseph buried May, 1631, Elizabeth died Dec. 26, 1641. 

Widow Goss m. Robert Nichols."

Philip Goss, (1654-1698) 

m. (i) Hannah Hopkins , PA branch 
                                            ||    m. (2) to Mary Prescott, Ohio Branch 

       divorced 1690

   More on Hannah:

 Hannah Hopkins

i. Hannah Hopkins: Born Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA 03 Jan 1657. Died Lancaster, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States 1692. Birth: ABT 1640 in Roxbury, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts
# Death: 5 NOV 1688 ? in Roxbury, Norfolk, Massachusetts
# Religion: Member of Rev. John Eliot's Church

 Parents of Hannah Hopkins

2. William Hopkins: Born Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA 1630. Died Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA 05 Nov 1688. Father of 1. Son of 4 & 5.

3. Hannah Sussanah Andrews: Born Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA 23 Jun 1639. Died Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA 05 Jun 1678. Mother of 1. Daughter of 6 & 7

Grandparents of Hannah Hopkins

4. William Hopkins: Born England, United Kingdom 1605. Died Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States 05 Nov 1688. Father of 2. Son of 8 & 9.

5. Elizabeth Dudley: Born London, London, England 1605. Died Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA 1639. Mother of 2. Daughter of 10 & 11.

6. Thomas Andrews: Born Dorchester, Suffolk, England 1608. Died Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States 20 Aug 1667. Father of 3. Son of 12 & 13.

7. Ann Rowell Cooke: Born Dorchester, England 1618. Died Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA 13 Jan 1684. Mother of 3. Daughter of 14 & 15.

Great-Grandparents of Hannah Hopkins

8. Stephen Hopkins: Born Wotton, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom 29 Oct 1581. Died Plymouth, Plymouth, MA 16 Jun 1644. Father of 4. Son of 16 &17.

9. Ruth Wilkinson: Born Stockport, Cheshire, England 1585. Died Hursley, Hampshire, England 09 May 1613. Mother of 4. Daughter of 18 & 19.

10. Robert Dudley: Born Milford, New Haven, Connecticut, United States 1555. Died Hursley, Hampshire, England 07 May 1613. Father of 5. Son of 20 & 21.

11. Anne Wood: Born Guildford, Surrey, , England 1558. Died Newcastle, Northumberland, , England [date unknown]. Mother of 5. Daughter of 22 & 23.

Serious confusion has arisen concerning the descendent's named Philip from his two wives Hannah and Mary.  Hannah would begin what became 4 generations of Philips. On the other hand, wife Mary produced John, who fathered a Philip, 2 further generations of Philips for a total of 3 sons named Philip. 

WIFE                               1Hannah Hopkins                      2. Mary Prescott

GENERATIONS     MA  1. Philip m. Judith Hayward               MA    1. John  m. Mary

                          MA  2. Philip m. Keziah Cooly                   MA    2. Philip m. Hannah
                          PA  3. Philip m. Mary Kendall                   OH    3. Philip m. Esther
                          PA  4. Philip m. Hannah Darby                 OH    4. Philip m..............

First sorted out by P H Goss, 1949 Goss Family e-book

1. Philip Goss m. Hannah Hopkins. Philip bap. Feb. 1679, in Roxbury; m. (1. Hannah, bapt. March 1680; (ii) Mary bapt. August 22, 1680. Muddy River, Roxbury 2GossPaPappPPPAGossG2GGMuddy RiverMMGoss Although there are some who would argue that John was Philip's father, there is no firm evidence to that effect.


Notes: based on The Boston Map of ~ 1645: Early settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony established a series of six villages in 1630.[2] The village of Roxbury (originally called “Rocksberry”[4] for the rocks in its soil that made early farming a challenge,) has long been noted for its hilly geography and many large outcroppings of Roxbury puddingstone, which was quarried for many years and used in the foundations of a large number of houses in the area.

The town is located where Boston was previously connected to mainland Massachusetts by a narrow isthmus called Boston Neck or alternately, Roxbury Neck. (Boston has since land-filled around the area so that Boston is no longer located on an isthmus.) Since all initial land traffic to Boston had to pass through Roxbury, it became an important town. Originally, it was home to a number of early leaders of the colony, including original Massachusetts Bay Colony treasurer William Pynchon, who left Roxbury in 1636 with nearly one third its men to found Springfield, Massachusetts on far less rocky and more arable soil.[5] Later, Roxbury was home to colonial governors Thomas Dudley,William ShirleyIncrease Sumner. The Shirley-Eustis House, built at Roxbury during the period 1747–1751, is one of only four remaining Royal Colonial Governors' mansions in the United States.

notes from Linda Goss: Moss Cemetary keeper (2010)
"There is some controversy as to whether Philip Goss married to Hannah Hopkins (divorced in 1690) was the son of John Goss(e) and Sarah. Philip's father is referred to in his divorce petition as John Goss. However, John Goss(e) from the Winthrope Fleet died in 1643/4 and Philip is believed to have been born circa 1650. Another theory is that there was another John Goss, a proprietor in Watertown, MA and he could possibly have been Philip's father. That being said, John Goss(e) from the Winthrope has been listed as having possibly 8 children. Another listing has said that the only surviving child was a daughter Phoebe." If you have further ideas my email is (jlkoz@uplink.net}

I  (Jack Haas) have the same lineage and have run across the same problems between Philip and possible father John from the Winthrop fleet. I have found records on Philip's birth from ranging 1640-1650 which if born in 1640 thn John from the Winthrop fleet could be his father. I have found records for the Winthrop fleet that shows John coming over with 3 children Phoebe, Elizabeth and Joseph and wife Sarah. Philip was not listed. Also I found info on Philip that said he was the immigrant ancestor. Maybe someone can finally figure this mystery out."


The record of American Generation 1. Philip Goss did not suggest a golden future. He was a seaman and a merchant who settled in Roxbury (along the Muddy River) and married 1. Hannah Hopkins about 1678. (http://www.newenglanskendalls.com/index.htm). She (but not Philip) had earlier been censured by the church for fornication with her husband to be, before marriage.

Roxbury/Boston ~1645

   "She confessed of her sins, was resolved, and received to take hold of the covenant." (Roxbury Church Records, p. 93).(p. 13) Hannah was born 03 Jan 1657 in Roxbury, Suffolk, MA, and died 1692 in Jamaica, West Indies.

Their marriage produced numerous children but ended in divorce about 1690. She had run off to marry a John Murray in Jamaica while her husband was at sea. (p. 14). His second marriage to Mary Prescott took place before the decree for the divorce was final, resulting in a trial and conviction for fornication and each party sentenced to "pay costs and a fine of forty schillings apiece, or to be whipped ten strokes apiece on their naked bodyes." (p. 16). 

On Philip's death Mary married wealthy John Houghton. Her "first" husband, Philip, was known as  "a quarrelson fellow, and a slave owner."  
In 1674 a warrant was sworn out against him by Nathaniel Wilder alleging "that he had challenged ye said Wylder to fight him with weapons of death" but hath also threatened to be revenged by said Wylder". March 10, 1695/6 he was convicted of striking Nathaniel Hudson in the "Kings Highway" and was ordered to pay ten shillings and costs of Court.

Law on Slavery: "It is ordered by this Court and the authority thereof: That there shall never be any bound slavery, villenage or captivity Christian usage which the Law of God established in Israel concerning such persons both morally require: Provided this exempts none from servitude, who shall be judged thereto by authority" (1641)

It is not known for sure when 1. Philip Goss  moved to Lancaster, Worchester County, MA, but from a deed dated 20 January (June) 1687 he purchased land from Joseph Rowlandson in Lancaster; "His dwelling house in Lancaster and orchard and all ye land about the house as it lyeth, bounded Easterly by a street or highway and Westerly partly by a brook and partly by some ministerial! meadowish land and it butts Southerly upon a little hill by the Meeting House, and Northerly by I the North River, and Southerly by Jonathan Prescotts land, and it butts Westerly upon the said street or highway and Easterly it butts upon the land of Jonathan Prescott, taking in both up land and intervale a highway I lying through it to the burying place, and also a piece of intervale known by the name of Kerley Intervale, and also a house lott of twenty acres upon which George Newby lives (near Walnut Swamp.) and his meadow lott in the first division lying neer Gibsons Hill." Early Records of Lancaster 1643-1725" Henry S. Nourse, pages 299-300. Upon Philip's death, May 1698, this land became the property of John Goss I, son of Philip and Philip's widow, Mary Prescott, who was second wife of 1. Philip. John Goss I was five years old at his father's death. This land was sold 5 May 1727 to Captain Samuel Willard.

Mary Goss formerly Prescott Born February 20, 1669 in Lancaster, Worcester, MAmap Daughter of John Prescott and Sarah Hayward Wife of Philip Goss — married March 29, 1690 in Concord, Middlesex, MAmap Mother of John Goss also noteJohn Goss ancestors ahnentafel printable tree shareable tree family group view descendants Help
Born 1693 in Lancaster, Worcester, MAmap Son of Philip Goss and Mary Prescott [sibling(s) unknown] Husband of Mary Woods — married November 20, 1711 in Groton, Middlesex, MAmap Father of Sarah Gibson Died 1745 in Lancaster, Worcester, MAmapSarah Gibson formerly Goss Born April 13, 1719 in Lancaster, Worcester, MAmap Daughter of John Goss and Mary Woods Wife of Stephen Gibson — married 1744 in Stow, Middlesex, MAmap
Mother of Stephen Gibson, Sarah Puffer, Mary Gibson, Samuel Gibson, John Gibson, Rebecca Gibson, Arrington Gibson, Timothy Gibson, Elizabeth Gibson and Abraham Gibson Died October 26, 1802 in Stow, Middlesex, MAmap [The challenge is still to bring John into a clear relationship.]
1. Philip Goss died, Lancaster May 26 1698 and is buried in "The Old Burial Field". Mary his widow, then
married her second husband, John Houghton, son of Prominent
Houghtons of Lancaster.
John Prescott Jr. "To perfect a bargain made with son-in-law, Philip Goss deceased", conveys to the widow (Prescott's daughter) 1701, - 300 acres called "Prescotts' Farm" at Nashacombe; Middlesex Registry XV-156. Mary 
Goss and 2. Philip, daughter and son of 1. Philip Goss and Mary Prescott quit claim all the rights in Old Lancaster lands to John Goss, their brother, March 1714/15.
Middlesex Registry, Book 6, pg. 466 - including a brother William's Estate. 2. Philip had then removed to Brookfield. In the settlement of Philip Goss's Estate one item, that of "Funeral Charges", shows him to have been a man of property, for the amount set down is 13 pounds, 15 shillings. Another item contains a riddle "pd the Coroner 1 pound". This indicates that Goss died a suicide, or by violence or some accident. His rude gravestone is in the Old Burying ground, Lancaster, MA s inscribed only with name and date.
His 4 Children: 
    2. Hannah, baptized 16 March 1680, died 1680 Roxbury. MA
    2. Mary, baptized 27 August 1680, Roxbury, married 20 November 1698, John Houghton, Jr. at Lancaster, MA
    2. William, baptized 6 October 1682, Boston, MA- it is presumed this is the child Hannah took to Jamaica.                                       
    2. Capt. Philip Goss was born 16 December 1676 in Roxbury, Suffolk, MA,  baptized at Roxbury, Massachusetts, February 16, 1676-77, and died 13 September 1747 in Brookfield, Worcester, MA. He married Judith Hayward the great-granddaughter of John Hayward and Ann White, of Concord  (1675- 18 April 1748) on August 30, 1699, at Lancaster. In the fall of 1704, he located at Brookfield, MA, where he bought sixty acres of land and built a fortified house on the old Hadley Path west of Wekabaug Pond for  defence against the French and Indians in Queen Anne's War. More

"The Goss' garrison stood west of Wickaboag pond, near the residence of Isaac Gleason," now (1886) the Charles H. Fairbanks place. This fort (or more probably fortified house) was built by Philip Goss, who was from Lancaster, and came to Brookfield in the fall of 1704. He received a grant of 60 acres, and pitched on this elevated spot on the " old Hadley Path." These bullet-proof houses were dwellings, and constructed as follows : the frame, i.e., the sills, posts, girths and plates were of heavy hewn timbers. Instead of studs in the lower story, logs split in half were set upright, face and back alternately, so as to match by overlapping the edges. [Sometimes planks were used.] The space under the windows was filled in with bricks or planks. The lathing was nailed to the logs on the inside, and the boarding in like manner on the outside. He had in all grants amounting to six hundred and seven acres in Brookfield. He was captain of the militar company, and a citizen of prominence. In 1731 he deeded land to his sons, Philip and John, and in 1745-46, to Philip Jr., his grandson."
Captain Philip  died 13 September 1747. Judith, his wife died in her 74th year, (1748) 1751. 
      Children: 3. JudithJudith Goss  Born April 10, 1699 in Lancaster, Worcester, Wife of Thomas Gilbert — married December 2, 1718 in Brookfield, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA Died August 24, 1779 in Brookfield, Worcester, ; 3. Philip, mentioned below; 3. Hannah, married, 1723, to Experience Rich; 3. Mary, married, 1728 to Daniel Walker, of Brookfield; 3. John, born at Brookfield, January 10, 1711, married to Abigail Ball, of Bolton; 3. Thankful, (December 13, 1713 - 09 February 1780), married to John Waite; Pastor 3. Thomas Goss, born July 6, 1716, graduate of Harvard College in 1737. 1st Parish Church of Bolton MA (there follows more than you want to know of Rev. Thomas).

Bolton, formerly a part of Lancaster, was incorporated in 1738; and Mr. Goss was the first minister of the town. He graduated at Cambridge with the class of 1737, and was a classmate of the Rev. Andrew Elliot and Rev. Peter Thacher, also of his near neighbor, Rev. Timothy Harrington, of Lancaster. The exact date of his ordination is not known. Rev. Mr. Edes places it somewhere between September, 1741, and March, 1742, probably Nov. 5. His ministry lasted about thirty years, his dismission taking place Aug. 13, 1771. Difficulties between the minister and the parish began to show themselves in May of the preceding year, when various complaints were brought by the church against their pastor. "A council was called, which exculpated him from the charges. A great controversy ensued, when the church, finding they could obtain no relief from the advice of sister churches, proceeded to dissolve the pastoral relation between them and their minister. The neighboring churches, considering this a high-handed piece of assumption of power on the part of the laity, proceeded in council to pass censures upon the Bolton church in their corporate capacity, to deprive them of covenant privileges, and to exclude them from all communion and fellowship with other churches. The people, being thus put upon the defensive, made a common cause of their troubles through all the towns in the vicinity."

We shall have occasion to speak more fully of this controversy in our notice of Rev. Mr. Mellen, of Sterling, whose dismission, a few years later, was occasioned in principal part by his connection with this great controversy between the clergy and the laity.redecessor of Rev. Isaac Allen.

Mr. Goss has been described to me, by those who remembered him, as a tall, spare man, of stern aspect, and not of gentle or winning manners. He appears to have been a man of an indomitable will and somewhat forbidding presence. With many of his brethren, he entertained high notions of clerical authority, — a high-church Puritan, as he might be styled. In the war of our Independence, he took sides with the royalists, and was a thorough-going Tory, as was his son Thomas, who fled to Annapolis, N.S., where he ended his days. * Goodwin's History of Sterling, in Worcester Magazine.  The Local Newspaper noted his death in 1780 but doubted whether they should even have announced it. Feb. 10, 1780 Woreschester Spy.  "From this time," — the time of his dismission, — writes Rev. Mr. Edes, "Mr. Goss maintained a constant running fight with his old parish. A portion, withdrawing and becoming his adherents, held Sunday services with him in the house lately occupied by General Holman; while the larger portion held the meeting-house, and settled another minister, Rev. John Walley, formerly settled in Ipswich. After the death of Mr. Goss in 1780, and the dismission of Mr. Walley, which took place some time before Aug. 22, 1783, the two parties came together, and united in the settlement of Rev. Phineas Wright, who was ordained Oct. 26, 1785, and was the immediate pastor.

In 1741, eleven members were released from the Lancaster Church to form a new parish in Bolton, and the first minister, the Rev. Thomas Goss, was called to lead the new community. While few population figures are available for the time, the town apparently grew slowly but steadily over the middle of the eighteenth century from about 250 people in 1738 to 925 in 1765. In addition to those who worshiped at the town church, a few Quakers were registered (as was required by law) as living in the town as early as 1742. A small community of Friends, members of the Salem monthly meeting, expanded through the third quarter of the eighteenth century, and by the early 1770's they had established a cluster of homes at "Fryville" near what is now the Berlin border, with their own meetinghouse and small burying ground. The Quaker meetinghouse is gone, but the burying ground remains, now called the Old Fry Burial Ground (#805) after the community's major leader, John Fry. By the end of the period a few Bolton residents were Baptists, worshipping outside the town borders with the Still River (Harvard) or Northborough groups. 
Toward the end of the period, Bolton was the scene of one of the region's earliest and most divisive disputes over ministerial authority, which resulted in the dismissal of the Rev. Goss in 1771. The majority in the town church chose a new minister, the Rev. John Walley. From 1771 to 1782, however, a significant minority of the members who remained loyal to Mr. Goss continued to meet for worship at his house at 752 Main Street (#1--NRDIS).Historic Home s & Places rel. to fam. of Middlesex Co., MA by Wm. R. Cutter, 1908, : New England Marriages. Prior to 1700 by C. A. Torrey c. 1985  Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Vol. 13, c1997, Mayflower SocietyL

          3. Philip Goss 3rd b. 1700. He died at Brookfield  in 1742, before his father's death. He resided at Brookfield, where he married, November 25, 1723 to Keziah Cooley b. Oct. 29  1702 in Longmeadow (Springfield), Hampden, MA,. Daughterancestorsof Simon Smith and Margaret A Bliss,  
Died February 4, 1744 in Brookfield, Worcester, Massachusetts,

The inventory of his estate was dated September 17, 1742, and the estate was divided May, 1746. Children, born at Brookfield: Philip, mentioned below; Hannah, born September 4, 1726; Ebenezer, September 11, 1728 died young; Keziah, February 28, 1730; Judith, November 15, 1731; Nathaniel, September 7, 1733, died young; Thomas, January 6, 1735.
               4. Captain Phillip Goss, Sr. "of Brookfield" (11-18-1724 to 11-9-1778), m. Mary Sarah Kendall of Woburn and Lancaster, their "Marriage Intentions" were posted, June 4 1744. m. June 7, 1744 in Brookfield.. She lived from 16 Mar 1721 to 16 Apr 1821. 
 Mary Sarah KENDALL was born on 26 March 1722 in Lancaster, Worcester Cty. Ma.. She died on 18 April 1821 at the age of 99 in Huntington PA. Responding to the opportunity to move to an area with more abundant farmland, Phillip Sr. became one of the Proprietors in Plymouth Township of the CT Susquehanna Co. of the Wyoming "Settlement", then called Westmoreland Township of Litchfield County, CT - later (1786) Luzerne Co. PA. "Proprietors" were often land speculators who had the right to purchase large amounts of land and then resell it for whatever they could get. The managers of the company thus had salesmen who would expand land ownership and attract new families and business.  After his father's death in 1742, he went to live with relatives in Lancaster probably, and was called Philip Jr. until his grandfather's death in 1747. His uncle was minister at Bolton.  http://www.newenglandkendalls.com/TTWL/Kendall12011/Kendall12022/index.htm

              4. Phillip Sr., son's Comfort,  Nathaniel, David,  Phillip, Solomon and 9 year old Ebenezer made the trip with the "200" and became settlers at Plymouth Twp., May 1769.  He would wisely move the family to a more peaceful Huntington Mills site in 1772.

Mary Sarah KENDALL and 4. Philip GOSS 3RD were married on 7 June 1744 in Brookfield, Worcester Cty., Ma.. Philip GOSS 3RD, son of  3. Philip GOSS 2ND and Keziah COOLEY, was born on 18 November 1724 in Brookfield, Worcester Cty., Ma.. He died on 9 November 1778 at the age of 53 in Wapwalopen, Luzerne, PA..


Goss family members who emigrated to the Wyoming Valley from 1769 - 1800


An abstract of material from Oscar Jewel Harvey (Ernest Gray Smith: A History of Wilkes-Barre...6 vols. (OJH)

The nucleus of the original party of 40 proprietors or their hired substitutes set out on horseback from Windham CT ~29 January 1769. Their path led to Hartford, Litchfield County CT and to Dutchess County NY where they were joined by several others. They continued through Goshen in Orange Co.and arrived at the Delaware River near Milford.  They traveled along the river through the "Minisinks" until reaching the home of the Shoemakes, McDowells and De Puis and headed NW across various ranges of mountains to near the mouth of the Lackawanna River.(OJH 471)

There.is no definitive list of the first 40. The best evidence indicates the Goss family came with the larger next group. (OJH p. 473) The 40 arrived Feb 8 near the mouth of the Mill Creek to find PA settlers there in several cabins.  Avoiding conflict they moved off a bit to set up camp. They were soon told to leave, 3 of their number were arrested, and the others went back to the Delaware. River. Those arrested were soon released and met their fellows at Lower Smithfield Twp.in Monroe Co. They then carefully retraced their steps, built several cabins in Pittston and awaited the arrival of rest of the 200 settlers in the Spring.
Unfortunately, their return had been reported and a large force from Governor Penn arrived, overwhelming the defenders, sending some to Jail in Easton and the rest back to CT.  Later a force of about 110 men under the command of Major Durkee started out from CT and were joined along the way by some of the previous 40  They crossed the Delaware at Digman's Ferry, crossed the mountains and arrived to Capose Meadows via a trail which was later made into a well used road.

This larger group (including the Goss males) arrived May 11, 1769 and encamped at the Capose Meadows.  On May 12 they stoutly marched past the Penns at Mill Creek to a near-by site on the right bank of the Susquehanna. .They built a series of log cabins and a fortified stockade named Fort Durkee near Fish's Eddy an the lower edge of Wilkes-barre adjacent to a Ravine (see map above)
The record of Goss family movements in this period is tangled in part because writers of the many histories have not been aware of the various resources available to establish the details. The Rev. Paul H. Goss working in the1930s and 40s seems to have the clearest story and todays internet researchers have much on-line material available.       _______________________________________________________________________________________

A Tale of Two Butlers

Zebulon Butler

(1731-1795), American colonial leader, born in Ipswich, MA. After serving in the French and Indian Wars, Butler led a group of Connecticut settlers to the Wyoming Valley in northern Pennsylvania.

He was military leader of the Connecticut settlers in the Pennamite Wars and served a stint as director of the Susquehanna Company. Butler represented (1774-76) the Wyoming Valley in the Connecticut Assembly. A colonel in the Revolution, he was defeated (1778) by Loyalists under John Butler and fled to Forty Fort; the Wyoming Valley massacre* followed. Zebulon Butler escaped and later appointed military commandant of the region.

*The American Revolution was disastrous for the Iroquois. The confederacy as such refused to take part in the conflict but allowed each tribe to decide for itself, and all the tribes, except the Oneida, joined the British. Samuel Kirkland, a Protestant missionary, was largely responsible for winning over the Oneida, who rallied to the side of the colonists after remaining neutral for two years. Joseph Brant led the Iroquois who remained loyal to the British, was the principal leader of the Iroquois troops, and participated with the Tory Rangers in raids in New York and Pennsylvania, particularly the Wyoming Valley massacres. The Continental Congress sent out a punitive expedition under John Sullivan, who in 1779 defeated John Butler and his Iroquois allies. After the Revolution, Brant, in contrast to the other two chiefs, remained adamant in his hostility towards the United States.

"At a meeting of "proprietors and settlers legally warned and held at Fort Wilksbarre June 1, 1772, Captain Butler was chosen Moderator for ye work of ye day. Voted, That those proprietors and settlers that live on ye West side the River shall do all the duties on that side ye river; and all those that live on ye East side of ye river shall do ye duties on ye East side of ye River—as guarding and scouting at present, &c."

John Butler

(1728-1796), Loyalist commander in the American Revolution, born in New London, Conn. He served in the French and Indian Wars and distinguished himself especially by leading the Indians in the successful British attack (1759) under Sir William Johnson against Niagara. Electing the British side after the Revolution broke out, he became a deputy to Guy Johnson at Niagara and worked to keep Indians friendly to the British. In the Saratoga campaign (1777) he and indigenous troops accompanied Gen. Barry St. Leger in the unsuccessful expedition down the Mohawk valley. Later he organized a Loyalist troop called Butler's Rangers, and with them he and his son, Walter Butler, attacked the frontier settlements. John Butler in 1778 raided the Wyoming Valley, defeated Zebulon Butler, took Forty Fort, and then was unable to keep his Indian allies from perpetrating the Wyoming Valley massacre. Later that year Walter Butler and Joseph Brant led a similar raid on Cherry Valley, and this also ended in a massacre. The name of Butler was thereafter anathema to the patriots. John Butler was defeated (1779) by the expedition of Gen. John Sullivan at Newtown near the present Elmira, N.Y.; later in the war Butler joined with Sir John Johnson in frontier raids.

Early Events in the Wyoming Valley

We begin with the move of Philip Sr and most of his family to the Wyoming Valley as part of the 
Susquehanna Company 

The children of his two marriages must be sorted out to follow the multiple Philips and Nathaniels that they produced. There was much confusion and some rancor over critical details in the 20th C.  I (JWHJr) have largely chosen the interpretations of Presbyterian minister Paul H. Goss (1940, 1949) found in the BYU Library and supplemented by the additional on-line records of the early 21st C. Two key factors involves recognizing that Philip (1) had two wives and (2) their children often had the same names.  In essence, the descendants of  marriage (1) went to the Wyoming Valley while the branch involving wife (2), Mary, went to Ohio.  To confuse things further, cousins from the two states would visit back and forth between PA and OH.  

4. Philip Sr
. and 6 of his children arrived at Kingston in the "Wyoming Settlement" by (May) June 2, 1769; Philip was a Proprietor of Plymouth Twp. Philip and his older sons Nathaniel, and Comfort would be listed as "Settlers".  David, Philip, Jr., Solomon and 9 1i/2year old Ebenezer made up the rest of the party.

Daughters Sarah and Experience remained in CT with their mother. Philip's name together with that of his sons, Nathaniel and Comfort, appears on the petition for the erection of a county, August 29, 1769. The list of settlers for 1772 has the names of Philip Goss and those of his sons, Nathaniel and Comfort, while the petition for the "erection of a county" in that year has that of Philip Goss . Solomon and Nathaniel?

4. Philip Sr. was a member of a group commanded by Captain Zebulon Butler which traveled across the Susquehanna to Wilkes-Bare in July 1771 to besiege the Pennamites who had erected Fort Wyoming earlier that year. His son Nathaniel joined them a few weeks later. After a siege of 26 days the Yankees prevailed and the interlopers were sent packing.

Anticipating the dangers that war with England would bring, 4. Philip Sr. had purchased land in Huntington Twp. in 1769 and moved his family there in the latter part of 1776. to put some distance from the danger points further north on the Susquehanna.

How wrong he was! The Wyoming History -Geology Society (p. 141) records that Philip Goss Sr purchased land in Huntington Twp. - lot #18 of the First Division from David Bull and further, Lot # 53 of the second division and " undivided lands pertaining thereto" - on 1-25-1769. Sadly Phillip Sr (d. 1778) and his son David (d. 1779) would perish at the hands of Indians as well. His wife had arrived from CT (but not their daughters} sometime in this period. 

Philip Sr., 5. Philip Jr., 5. Solomon and 5. Nathaniel Goss, in 1776-7-8, and 5.David Goss in 1777-8, were taxpayers in Plymouth District. (Bib.1.) Philip Goss Sr. and the family settled near Huntington Mills in 1776. After his death, Jan. 18, 1780, his son 5. Nathaniel Goss was appointed administrator of his father's estate, with Captain John Franklin. David Goss chose to move further west to Bloomfield, Ontario Co., NY, by Feb. 18, 1801 at which point he sold Lot.No.24 First Division, Huntington, to Jesse Scott (a Huntington tax payer in 1796).

Battle of Wyoming Monument - Wyoming PA (BJMcD)

 Solomon and Comfort went with Capt. John Franklin's Company to Forty Fort and were detained on the memorable third of July 1777, having reached the fort too late to move further to the battle or Massacre." (p. 65, Brooke) .

4. Philip Sr. was killed by Indians at Wapwallopen, on the opposite shore at Beach Haven, Salem Twp. 10-9-1778, while on a scouting expedition with Captain Robert Carr under Captain John Franklin's Wyoming Volunteers. His body was lost. The estate was probated in January 1780 with his son 5. Nathaniel Sr. as executor. His wife Mary died in the home of her grandson  6. Nathaniel  and was interred next to their son at Scot Cemetery in her 100th year. 

In the latter part of 1777 or early in 1778 Benjamin Bidlack-, Caleb Forsythe, Benjamin Tillman, Ebenezer Goss, and five or six other young men of Westmoreland, enlisted in Capt. Thomas Worlcy's Mechanics' Artillery Company, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where they worked and trained for some time, making arms and practicing their use. In the Summer of 1778 they marched into New Jersey under Colonel Dellart. 

                                                             CHILDREN of 4. Philip Sr. & Mary Sarah Kendell 

 5. Sarah (Goss) Seward, b. 6-4-1745 in Simsbury, Hartford, CT; christened: 07/04/1745, Simsbury, Hartford, CT; m.; "Deacon" Enos Seward, b. 7-7-1735 in 0/31/1765 in Granville, Hampton, MA. They first lived at Granville where where 9 of their 10 children were born. They moved to a farm in Huntington Twp. in 1793 previously owned by her father, 4. Philip Goss Sr,  and lived there for the rest of their lives. Buried at the "Old Goss /Trescott Cemetery" Harveyville. The house was occupied by descendant Jessie Simpson in 1948. The cemetery was (2012) an overgrown ruin. Sarah died April 18, 1821 in Huntington Twp., Luzerne Co., Pa. Deacon Enos was the son of Ebenezer Seward and Dorothy Rose. He was born July 7, 1735 in Durham, Middlesex, Connecticut, and died Bef. August 23, 1820 in Huntington Twp., Luzerne, Pennsylvania.

"Wooden bowls and wooden ware were manufactured by Deacon Enos Seward, who ran a turning lathe for that purpose. He also made piggins, pails, and tubs, and probably did coopering. Nathan Forbes, and his son Amos were coopers, and supplied their neighbors with barrels, tubs, churns, pails, etc."


                                  i. Enos Seward b. 1766; m. Lydia Stevens.

                                  ii. Eli Seward , b. 1768; m. Ellen Earl.

                                 iii. Amos Seward , b. 1770; d. 1804; m. Abigal Williams.

                                  iv. Gad Seward , b. 1773; d. 1855; m. (1) Elizabeth Thompson; m. (2) Mary Ann Sloan.

                                   v. David Seward , b. 1775; d. 1777.

                                  vi. Levi Seward , b. 1778; d. 1851; m. Thankful Wilkenson; b. 1779; d. 1848.

                                 vii. Sarah Seward , b. 1780; m. Samuel Lawrence

                                viii. Titus Seward , b. 1783; d. 1851. "Titus married Clarissa, daughter of Nathan Forbes, and had [1]Elmer, who married Lydia Dodson, and had [2]Thomas, [3]Harriet, wife of Zebulon Stratton Stevens, near Cambra. [4]Dorothy and [5]Thankful are in the Franklin family. [6]Martha married Thomas Stevens. [7]Caroline and [8] Mary A. died unmarried. [9]Diana married John Coughlin, and had {1}James M. Coughlin of Kingston, County Superintendent of Schools, and {2}Dennis O. Coughlin, Esquire, member of the county bar, and {3}Mrs. C. Lanning, {4}Mrs. C. Remaley of Shickshinny, {5}Mrs. E. Wheeler of Muhlenburg, and {6}Nancy and {7}Mary of New Columbus."

                                   ix. Mary Seward , b. 1785; m. (1) Jacob Ashcroft; m. (2) George Goodwyn.

                                    x. Ebenezer Seward , b. 1789; d. 1854; m. Elanor Baker; b. 1792; d. 1876

5. Experience (Goss) Baldwin(10-8-1747 to 1815) b. in Simsbury where she married Levi Baldwin. They later moved to Barnston, Province of Quebec.

                                         5. Comfort (Goss) Blaksley b. Abt 1848 in Simsbury, Hartford, Connecticut. m. Bede Blaksley. He was listed in the first "200 settlers" of the advanced force who "came to man their rights." He served in the Revolutionary War in the company of Captain John Franklin of Huntington Twp. and the Wyoming Massacre. Comfort moved back to New Salem MA.after the war. 

                                        5. David Goss
(6-14-1752 to 
10-01-1778, Nanticoke, Luzerne, .b. in Granville, Hampton, MA; m. Ann Slater b. 1759. He settled with his father and brothers in (Plymouth Twp.)  and later purchased 100 acres of land in Huntington Twp. David Goss in 1777-8, was a taxpayers in Plymouth District. (Bib.1.)a Revolutionary War Soldier, he probably was enlisted by Captain Weisner from NY who recruited men from the Wyoming Settlement to serve in a rife regiment but the group switched to a a CT regiment led by Colonel Willis . The family story was that he was murdered by Indians on a scouting expedition to the Wyoming Settlement in 1779. His widow and only son David Goss Jr. had already moved to Broomfield, NY. He sold his father's land in Pittston (50 acres) and Huntington Twp (100 acres) and moved the family to Hartland, Oakland County MI David Goss lived in Bloomfield, Ontario Co., NY, FEb. 18, 1801 when he sold Lot.No.24 First Division, Huntington, to Jesse Scott.  

                                       5. Solomon Goss b. 6-16-1754 in Granville Hampton MA . He went with his father to the Wyoming Settlement, served with Captain John Franklin"s Company and was a prisoner in Forty Fort (Wyoming Massacre). He married Olive Scott, b. 9-23-1757, daughter of Obediah Scott, Sr. of Waterbury CT and Huntington Twp; moved to Hamilton, Miami County, OH in 1795. Founder of the First Methodist Church of Miami OH, he later became a lay Methodist Minister. He died July 1, 1825, his wife 3 days later. A son Levi Goss also became a Methodist minister. At the close of the Revolutionary War Solomon presented a claim of 31 pounds loss incurred during his service in the army.

                                      5. Ebenezer Goss
, their youngest son was born in 9-8-1760 in Becket, Berkshire County, MA 
He was baptized
on 26 OCT 1760 in Becket, MA (First Church of Christ). Baptized by Rev. Ebenezer Martin. Reference - Church Record Book I, p. 14and at the age of 9 joined the rest of the family on the trek with the other first settlers to the Wyoming Settlement. When the family moved to Huntington Mills, Ebenezer enjoyed trapping and hunting along the Susquehanna and managed a two year visit with relatives at Marietta on the Ohio River. He joined Captain Dethric Hewett's company organized at Fort Wyoming 3-16-1778 at the age of 17 1/2. They fought in the Massacre where the Captain was killed and Col. Zebulon Butler took the leadership. He told the remaining 14 men of the original 20 in his command to flee to Shamokin and avoid capture. Ebenezer would continue in the Army, serving in various places including a stay at Valley Forge with Washington in the winter 1778-79. In June 1780 he went AWOL to join many of his family (including his mother Mary) who had fled to Granviles MA (near Springfield) after the Massacre and the murder of his father. He married Bade Blakeslee (7-1781). After raising his children he sold everything and journeyed with his family ~40 days by ox-wagon to the Western Reserve, settling at Randolph Township, Portage Co. OH in November1804. . Ebenezer Goss started and carried on the first blacksmith shop in 1804Son John, Ebenezer, and son David Goss voted in the town election of 1808' He died there 8-15 1832 and was buried in Randolph Twp., Sand Hill Cemetery. His widow Mary ( later moved back to PA to live with Enos and Sarah (Goss) Seward at the old Philip Goss home in Huntington Mills and all were buried in the Scott Cemetery. Mary outlived them, later moved to Nathaniel's (6) home near Fairmont Springs until her death. (Bradsby, 1893)

It is interesting only three of Philip's children would remain in the Wyoming Valley. Perhaps the horrors of the early days made going west more palatable. The Sutliffs, arriving after these events, did not experience the wars and Indian attacks and so were more inclined to settle in an area which offered so much promise.              

                            5. Philip Goss Jr. b. 8-12-1746 in Simsbury CT. He married Hannah Darby (1754-1834) daughter of David and Ann Slater Darby. They originally settled in Plymouth Twp. PA in 1769 with Philip Sr. and his brothers and several years later moved south to Huntington Twp, He was included on the 1796 PA tax list and 1790 CT Census. He died 10-25-1833 at the ripe old age of 87 - Hannah soon after on 3-15-1834. They were buried in the Old Goss (Truscott) Cemetery at Harveyville. (This cemetery was overgrown and had little to recognize in 2010)
                                         6. Philip  Goss 3rd (3-29-1787 to 4-1-1870) occupied the old house beyond the Pine Grove Cemetery. m. Huldah 
Olive Wandel (1808), b. Feb 22, 1792, Harveyville, Huntington Tw.p, died July 22,1877, Father: John Wandel, Mother: Mary Fish, married in 1808.  They are buried in Pine Grove Cemetery at the top of the nearby hill, at Harveyville. They raised 12 children, ten of whom married and reared families. Two , Phil and Susanna died unmarried. 1790 Census age 3. living with his parents; the 1800 Census age 13 living with parents; 1810 Census 23 not living with parents; 1820 Census  now a head of household 33, lists: 2 males <10  1850: Philip Goss 3rd  63, Huntington, Huldah 57, daughter Huldah Olive <i>Wandel</i> GossHuldah, 27 Son James 23, daughter 15 A grandson, George Wood Goss, owned the family farm north of Harveyville in 1948. In 1860,  Philip 73, lived in Huntington with Huldah, 68 + a 9 year old (grandchild?) and a laborer, 66. Farm Value:  $3500, Income $700. Their eldest son, Rev. John Miner Goss, of Fairmount, has numbered several years over three score and ten. One daughter of Philip Goss, Jr. was the wife of Elias Long, Jr. and raised five children in Huntington who sought homes in Ohio, when that state was yet new. The family was much respected for worthy traits of character.  buried. Pine Grove Cem. (1893 Bradsby)

                                 7. Mary Fidelia Goss (1810-1854)
                            7. Philip Goss  (1815- July 8, 1830), buried Pine Grove Cemetery, Harveyville

                                 7. Samuel W. Goss
                           7. Hulda (1823-1875) 1830 age 7, fits in 5-9 female census slot 1840 17 fits (16-26) slot 1850 daughter 27 living with parents.
                           7. Eliza Charlotte Goss (1824-1882)
                           7. Richard Bond Goss                                      
                           7. James Goss b. 1827  1830 age 3, fits <5 census slot 1840 13 fits 13-16 slot  1850 son 23, lived with parents; 1860 now 32 living in Fairmont, married to. Ester  b. 1837, age 23. Richard Goss 54 farmer also lives in the home  1880 52 Shickshinny Ester 43 kept the home while he worked in Mexico?
                                   8. George Goss,  b. 1856,  1860 age 4
                           7. Susanna Goss died unmarried
                           7. Ellen M. Goss (1830-1867)
                           7. Weston Goss (22 Sep 1820 to 19 Feb1878) 1830 9, should be in 10-16 group  1840 19,  1850 29,  m. Delena "Lanny" Beisher, Ross  Twp. (Apr. 17 1826 to Aug 30 1890), 24 Fairmont 1860 Census: 39  34 Fairmont Twp.   Farm: $300, sales $200  Buried at Red Rock, Fairmount Twp,
                                                 8. Bruce Goss  b. 1859,    
                                                 8. George Goss

                                                 8. Sarah Jerusha Goss (1843-1886)
                                                 8. Singleton Martin Goss (1845-1927) Fairmont,Twp.1  m. Sallie b. 1849. 1880 Census, Huntington,(north and middle district) worked in paper mill, 29 1920 , Husband 74, Sarah 71 Union Twp.next door to son Thomas.  Singleton M. Goss was born in 1845, which means he was only 16 or 17 at the time of his enlistment. He served as a "drummer boy" in Company F-a position he tilled for the duration of the war until mustered out on June 12, 1865. Nothing is known about Goss after the war. Through a local agency, it was discovered he died in 1927 and was buried in Bethel Hill Cemetery, located in Ross Township, Luzerne County, which is within several miles of Ricketts Glen State Park! He attended the 1889 Dedication of the 143rds Monument at Gettysburg with his friends Tubbs and Sterling Sutliff.
 Sterling D. Sutliff and Singleton M. Goss of Co. F, 143rd PA, carved their initials in stone barn Blue & Gray Magazine. Columbus OH: Spring 2005. Vol. 22 Issue 2.                                                    
                                          9.Thomas M. Goss b. 1870 m. Bertha b. 1876
1880 1920  
                                              10. Willis E. Goss b. 1906 m. Alta M. 1930 Lived in Union Twp. Friend of Merle Sutliff
                                     8. Mary Ellen Goss (1849-)
                                     8. James Goss (1853-) Spouse: Frances Kocher, Father: John Koucher, Mother: Huldah Davenport
                                        9. Grace Goss, 9. Stella Goss, 9. Ryder Goss. 9. Pearl Goss
                                        9. Leon Phillip Goss (5 Nov 1879 to Jun 10 1959), Bethel Hill Cemetery PA Spouse: Jennie Elizabeth Scott, (29 Oct 1883 to 22 Jan 1957), Father: Edward King Scott and Mother: Margaret Keller Scott, Married: 26 Apr 1901 (5 Nov 1879-10 Jun 1959)
                                               10. Willard James Goss (1904-1966), 10. Laura Jean Goss (1906-),  10. Beatrice Almeda Goss (1908-), 10. Mary Goss (~1910-), 10. Harold Edward Goss(1912-1993), 10. Letha Ellen Goss (1914-1993). 10. Mary Jane Goss (1918-), 10. Earl Wilson Goss (1922-1986), 10. Alice Ally Olive Goss (1888-1975), 10. Arthur Leroy Goss (1896-1981)  

                                   8. Asnenth Goss (1855/6-)
                                   8. Herbert Goss (1866-)
                                   8. Larned Goss (1870-)

                        7. Asahel Goss b.1849
                          7. Rebecca Goss b. 1835 1840 daughter 5 fit 5-9 slot 1850 15 lived with parents
                     7. Rev. John Miner Goss, (ca. Sep 30-1812 to May 26-1892) d. age 79y-7m-29 days. 1820 8, fits in <10 class; 1830 18, fits into the 15-19 group;  John Miner lived at home at least until 1840 . His first child Richard Gwyn was not born until 1847, time enough for his father Philip to marry and establish a home. John married Mary Love in the early 1840s . By 1850 he had a 3 year old son. In 1870 he was 57, living in Fairmont Twp. a farmer, the Farm valued at $4,000 , sales $1,200, wife Mary 60, His son Richard owned the adjacent farm; Richard G. 23, Farm value $800, sales $400,with wife Catherine 21 keeping house.  By 1880 John Miner Goss 67 and Mary 70, were helped by a live-in female servant, 18. 

Rev. John M. Goss                     Bethel Hill Cemetery                                         Mary Love Goss        
J. M. Goss had married Mary Love, b.1809. Mary was prominent in a heart warming love story recorded in a family letter (see Almond Goss, below). Miner, a farmer, was also a lay Methodist minister, a founding father and long-term official of the Methodist Patterson Grove Camp Meeting in Fairmont Twp. He is frequently mentioned in a history of the organization. One factor which complicating tracking his life was the variations of his name. It appears in one Census as John M. Goss, another as Miner Goss. Known as Miner by friends. He appears to be the first Goss to live in Fairmont twp. The Daily Record of the Times Wilkes
Barre, PA Monday July 19, 1875 reported a Goss wedding: GOSS-BARRET-On the 15th of July, at the M.E. Parsonage, Town Hill, officiated by Rev. John Goss. Mr Nathaniel Goss, of Harveyville, and Mrs. Harriet L. Barret, widow of the late Dr. Barrett, of Cambra, Pa. 


               8. Richard Gwyn Goss (1847-1929), farmer m. Catherine Caroline (Cal.) Kleintob (1848-1924); buried in Bethel Hill 1880 32, wife Catherine 21, John A. 7 and Mary 3 + boarder. He took over the family farm along Fishing Creek shown in the 1873 Fairmont Twp. map. At one time there were two homes on the property; later a fire destroyed one of them. 4 of 5 children John died of lung fever 2-13 1829. (Bradsby, p. 72).  His daughter "Polly" was born in a schoolhouse as her mother was escaping the Wyoming Massacre. (Bradsby p. 73)  alive in 1900. 1910 62, Catherine 61, m. 41 years 4 of 5 children alive. John Arthur Goss family probably lived in a second home on the family farm.  1920 72, 72 Today (2011) there is no trace of the homes. Husband and wife are buried in Bethel Hill Cemetery, Fairmont. Catherine's mother was Mary Ann (Swank) Kleintob (1820-1870) ; her father was Nathan Kleintob (1823- ) also in Bethel Hill Cemetery. Our family has a  beautiful red blanket made by Daniel Goodman of Nescopeck in 1842 for their wedding


The Farms of Richard G. and John Miner Goss Fairmont Twp. 1873

                                     9. John Arthur Goss (7-3-1873 to 11-21-1944) d. Bethel Hill Cemetery, farmer Fairmont Tsp.  m. Elizabeth Ann Long 3-14-1895 b. 8-2-1872(4) 1910 3 of 4 children alive 1920 ? 1930 with Elizabeth at the family home in Fairmont 
                                              10. Harold R. Goss b. 1896 m, Margaret M b. 1901 1910 14  1930 They                                                       enjoyed an empty nest in Huntington Mills 
                                              10. Paul S. Goss b. 1901 1910 9. 
                                              10. Lydia Goss b. 1909 1910 1. 

                                9. Mary Ann (Goss) Sutliff (6-8-1877 to 2-21-1962) d. Bloomingdale Cemetery)                    m. Edmund Dana Sutliff 1899 (4-26-1877 to 1-22-1962) 
1                                10. Carolyn Sutliff (12-8-1914 to 9-4-1990) not married 
                                                                                     10. Richard Sutliff (6-10-1900 to 5-26-1973) m. Merle Stout (3-27-1912 to 4-4-2005)                                                                                   CHILDREN
                                                                                            11. Jean Ann Sutliff b. 1932
                                                                                            11. Wilson Dana Sutliff b. 1934, 
                                                                                            11. Richard Ashel Sutliff b. 1937, 
d. April 2014, b. Bloomongdle Cemetery.
                                                                                            11. Abby Gail Sutliff b. 1943, 
                                            9. Shadrack M. Goss b. Sep. 1881 1900, 18 farm laborer; 1910 28, living in Ross Twp. 1, merchant in a general store. m. Sarah in 1901. b. 1881. 1920 The family was back at the farm in Fairmont Twp. 38, 39. He was owner of record. His father R. Gwinn Goss farm laborer 72 and Catherine 71 lived in the smaller house. 1930 Now living with Sarah in Dallas. 
                                                     10. Merrill A Goss (1904-1936) 1920, 17 He ran the Goss Funeral Home. Richard Sutliff worked with him for about a year. Burried in Bethel Hill Cemetery 
                                                     10. Basil Goss b. 1904(6) m. Freda b. 1908 1920, 15 1930 25 lived in Plymouth, Shirley .b.1926 
                                                      10. Ailda b. 1906 1920, 14
                                                      10. Ida b. 1914 1920, 6
                                                      10. Glesen b. 1919 1920, 1 
                                            9. Willard M. Goss b. Nov. 1882. 1900, 17 farm laborer, 1910 employed as an undertaker. 1920 34, m. Fannie 1895. He was a farmer.  1930 A second non-related family occupied the other house on the property. This Sax family had a senior couple, their son, and several grandchildren. A further large Saxe family, 8 children, lived next door. We need to see who lived where in 1900-1930 in Fairmont. 
Latter child was undertaker who buried my gg John W. Kleintob and his wife Phenia [Brandon] Kleintob [Willard's uncle and aunt]in Bethel Hill Cemetery 1914 and 1913, respectively.

         5Ensign  Nathaniel Goss Sr.  b. 1-26-1748, Simsbury CT,  He married Hannah Scott November 10, 1774 in Plymouth Dist, Westmoreland, CT (later Luzerne Co. PA), daughter of Obediah Scott and Hannah Howe. She was born September 28, 1755 in Waterbury Twp, New Haven, CT, and died April 19, 1821 in Luzerme Co., Pa. 

This Scot family also moved to Huntington Twp.and are  buried in the Scott (Watertown) Cemetery below Huntington Mills. Nathaniel followed the call to arms, 5-30-1778,  joining the 

Tenth Company (Huntington and Salem Company): John Franklin, Captain; Stoddard Bowen, Lieutenant; Nathaniel Goss, Ensign 

in the Revolutionary War.  In 1775 he located at the farm known as the "Howard Hotel Property, at Huntington Mills and built the first Huntington gristmill on the stream that empties into Huntington creek from the north, on the north side of the old Goss farm, later owned by A. Howard. It would grind about three bushels of corn per day. It was first run by hand, and subsequently by water power. Nathaniel Goss, Jr., built the mill known as the Workheiser mill, which stands on the opposite side of the 

stream from the old one.
The land on which Hopkins' mill stood was donated for mill purposes by the Susquehanna
Company. In 1798. Nathan Beach built the Rogers mill on Marsh creek. Bacon's carding and fulling-mill was built in Huntington creek in 1817. The gristmill at Harveyville was originally built in 1798, and replaced in 1837 by a new one, which was subsequently burned, and the present one built in 1869. (Bradsby 1893) He died 9-27-1812; Hannah, Apr 19-1821. They are buried at the Scott Cemetery. He was listed in the 1790 Census.

The tract of 334 acres that he acquired  was  first granted to Henry Marks by a letter patent dated APRIL 4, 1775,

Two views of the remains of the Nathaniel Jr's water-powered gristmill at Harveyville 

"In the early days Nat Sr. had lived with his family in a block house in Plymouth, the only one left standing by the Indians and Tories. He fled from there before the Wyoming Massacre, just in time to save himself and family from the persecutions of their enemies. He was one of the earliest settlers in Huntington Twp.. He was an extensive farmer in those early days, considering they lacked so many facilities we now enjoy, and lived to be sixty years of age. His family consisted of three sons and two daughters (Bradsby 1893}
               6. John Goss  m. Polly Ranson (apparently) while still in CT. He emigrated to Huntington twp. after the others. They moved from PA to OH and later to Randolph Twp., Portage Co, OH . There were numerous letters sent between the PA and OH branches of the Goss family.  He is listed in the 1800 Census.  
John died of lung fever 2-13 1829. (Bradsby, p. 72).  His daughter "Polly" was born in a schoolhouse as her mother was escaping the Wyoming Massacre. (Bradsby p. 73)
1999 Ancestry.com message board: 
Looking for information on a John Goss who was Married to Eliza Parker. Children, Benjamin Goss, Henry Goss, Mary Goss and Louisa Goss, born in Ypsilanti. John Was brother of Orman Goss of Van Buren County, Mi. and brother of Chester Goss of Ionia, Mi. Chester had son named Senica Goss who Married Sarah Willett. John later moved to Ste. Genevieve Mo. John was son of John Goss and Mary Polly Ransom or Mary Polly Davidson of Portage Co. Ohio. Louisa and Mary were reared by the Horace Wilson Family of Washington, Cty. Iowa. Many of John Goss's decendents are born with extra fingers and toes. John Of Portage Co. Ohio was a nephew of Ebenezer Goss, a Rev. Soldier who died in Ohio. This Goss family originally came from Pa.

For Sale - 90 acres of land in Huntington Twp., being part of Lot #13, 1st division of lots, with a House, Barn and a handsome improvement; a good well of never failing water and an orchard of bearing trees. John GOSS, on the premises June Federalist 1804.

His uncle Ebenzer Goss wrote 6. Nathaniel  Jr. a note from Randolph Twp., Portage OH, Oct. 31, 1819 noting John's common-law wife Polly Ransom had left him and was living with a married daughter, Minerva Rogers. Polly had "thought it wicked" to live with John and "had cut with him 4 or 5 years before they parted."  Son Ormand lived with son David. Life was complex in those days as well as today!-ed

6. Nathaniel Goss  Jr. (4-14-1785 to 1-24-1854), m.Thankful Forbes (9-20-1785 to 5-11-1869) He was born in Huntington, his wife Thankful (Forbes) was born in CT. Nathaniel, Jr. took charge of the old homestead in Huntington township, containing 150 acres of land, where he built a gristmill which he operated several years. He was a man of influence and worth in his township and county, and was favored with many offices of trust and responsibility, being a member of the "Partition Committee" when the county was divided. He was an expert hunter and loved the chase. There were twelve children born to him, eleven of whom came to maturity.  Scot Cemetery.  1810 1 male under 10, by1820 there were 7 children.      

                    i. 7. Almon Goss (1808 -1895) twin  (letter, Paul Goss 1940, p. 79)  "my father tells the little romantic story of how he used go to see Mary Love. But his people objected so much that he gave her up She then married Rev Miner Goss. He would often go to visit them.  In his last illness my father visited him and the dying man asked "what of her who was Mary Love?" He ultimately married Sally (Sarah)  Ann Keeler (1808-1880) buried in Warden Cemetery, Dallas PA.  1850  Lucy Goss  1860  Sarah A. 51, Mary E. 15, William K. 14.   1870: Dallas Twp. 61 Farmer m. Sara A 62,, daughter Mary E. 26 no occupation, William K. 23 Farming  Farm value $9,000, income $2,000; 1880 Dallas, 71 widower, retired living with son William K.Goss d. 1893.    
                                          8. Mary E. Goss b. 1845 (unmarried) 1860 lived with her father.1870
Mary E. 26 still at home 
                               8. William K. Goss b. 1847 (unmarried) lived with his father 1860, 1870, 1880

                   ii. 7. Althea (Goss) Wolfe (1808- 1 Feb 1885) twin. Married Clark Wolfe 25 May 1836.  See Wolf bio athttp://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/bios/wibios.htm     
                                          8. Mary A Wolfe,  8. Josiah M. Wolfe (1841- July 20, 1917), served 3 years in Company I, 143rd PA Vol. Inf. in the Civil War, captured in the battle of the "Wilderness" and confined 10 months in Andersonville Prison, 8. Nathaniel Wolfe, 8. Martha C. Wolf, 8. Theodore E. Wolfe b. 5 Apr. 1845, 8. Joseph Wolfe, 8. Jane Wolfe, 8. Jacob Wolfe, 8. Rhoda Wolfe, 8. Alimnia Wolfe

                 iii. 7. Alrina Goss (9 Mar. 1815 to 30 Dec. 1906). m. Nathan Tubbs (1811-1871)
                 iv. 7. Rhoda Tubbs m. Moses E. Drumheller 
                  v. 7. Candis Tubbs  m. Jefferson Fellows
                 vi. 7. Hannah Tubbs  m., Almon Wadsworthy
                vii. 7. Nathaniel  Goss 3rd was born March 29, 1817, in Huntington Twp.He was the sixth (?) in a family of twelve children, educated in local schools, and learned the miller's trade with his father. When twenty-two years of age he began farming on his own, which he continued up to the time of his death, March 5, 1887. In 1833 he was married to Lucy (Fuller) Goss, who bore him two children (who died before becoming 

adults??) and died in July, 1859. He was afterward married July 15, 1875, to Mrs. Harriet L. (Barrett) Goss, daughter of Andrus and Sallie (Smith) Fellows, natives of Pennsylvania, of English and German origin respectively. She is the youngest in a family of ten children, was reared on a farm, and February 10, 1856, married Dr. William E. Barrett by whom she had six children l.: Oliver W., John C. (a furniture dealer in Cambra) and Sarah M. (Mrs. Dr. P. L. Hartman, of Jamison City, Columbia Co., Pa. Dr. Barrett died April 15, 1878. On Nathaniel 3rd's death in 1887, his second wife moved into the large farm where she had been born and left to her by her father, situated one quarter of a mile from the Cambra post office; both her grandfathers were Revolutionary soldiers. She was a member of the M. E. Church. (1893) Nathaniel 3rd. was listed in the 1860 Census: as single working the farm with a son; in 1900, she had 3  living children and resided in her family home with a servant..  1850 Lucy b. 1817  1880 Nathaniel , Harriet L. Goss 63, 44 1910 Harriet L. Goss 74  widow of Nathaniel, mother-in-law of Sarah M. Callender 40, wife of William Callender
                                8. Daniel Goss 
b. 1861 1880 19 farmer with father                                 

                                   Grave of Nathaniel 3rd. Pine Grove Cemetery near Harveyville (BJMc)

               viii.7. Marietta (Goss) Kunkle, twin (29 June 1822 to Oct 1902) m. Wesley Kunkle
              ix. 7. Mary Ann (Goss) Gearhart twin (29 June 1822 to Nov 17-1892,  Mary married Reuben Gearhart, son of George Gearhart and Rebecca McPherson, c/ 1855. Mary and Reuben appeared on the census of 31. Aug. 1860 at Huntington Twp., Luzerne County, Pennsylvania; real estate value 2,500.00, personal property 500.00. Mary and Reuben appeared on the census of 19. Aug. 1870 at Fairmont Twp., Luzerne County, Pennsylvania; real estate value 2,000.00, personal property 1,000.00. Mary and Reuben appeared on the census of 11. Jun. 1880 at Fairmont Twp., Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Mary Ann Goss died on 17. Nov. 1892 at Fairmont Springs Twp., Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, at age 70. Mary and Ruben were buried at Scott Cemetery, Huntington Twp.  
Their descendants stlll live in the area (2011). 
             CHILDREN   8. 
Willard Waldo Gearhart (6. May. 1856 - 1. Jan. 1944), 8. Horatio Delason Gearhart (10. Sep. 1858 - 13. Feb. 1939), 8. Lorenzo Alison Gearhart (10. Sep. 1858 - 21. May. 1931), 8. Franklin Morton Gearhart (13. Aug. 1860 - 12. Mar. 1956), 8. Mary Esther Gearhart (c 1864 - )

                x, 7. Orlando Goss (10 Dec.1825,to 14 Oct, 1898, death notice) was educated in Huntington township at the public school, and in early life he learned the carpenter trade, which he followed for a number of years. In 1861 he married Ellen, daughter of Jacob and Grace Fisher, and by her had one son, Hershal Goss, who died in 1885, the mother having preceded him to the grave, June 1, 1876. Mr. Goss is now alone, and is retired from active life. He owned seventy-five acres in this county and 200 in Columbia county, besides other small parcels of land. He was considered "honest, generous, and liberal of his means, which are ample." He built a hall for the Kunckle Grangers, they furnishing the material. He owns the county right of "White's Driving and Farm Gate," a superior piece of mechanism. He has held several town offices with credit, and is esteemed for his excellent worth. (Bradsby1893)
Hershel Goss d. 1885
                xi. 7.
Abi Goss(Feb 8 1827 to Aug14-1829) died at age 2 1/2
               xii. 7. David Goss (9 Apr 1830 to 10 May 1899), never married. He kept store at Fairmont Springs for many years and worked at his trade as a stone mason. He was a keen hunter who chose a residence away from settled areas. He owned a large tract of land on North Mountain., Columbia Co., where he died. 

      6. Rhoda (Goss) Dodson b: 27 APR 1789 in Huntington twp. d. 8 OCT 1861 in Union Twp., PA, m. 25 Oct 1815 in Luzerne County to
Richard Dodson b: 22 Feb 1791 (came to Luzerne Co. in 1797) in Bucks County, PA d: 8 OCT 1861 in Union Twp. Lived in the farm in Union Twp. 4 1/2 miles from Hunlock Creek on the Turnpike. They raised 9 children 7 living in 1893, and ran a farm of 200 acres in Union twp. 4 1/2 miles from Hunlock Creek on the turnpike.
              7. Nathaniel Dodson b: 22 Jul 1816 in Muhlenburg, 
              7. Susannah Dodson b: 24 Feb 1818 in PA,  
              7. Elisha Bennett Dodson b: 29 Oct 1820 in PA
              7. Wesley Dodson b: 30 Mar 1822 in PA,
              7. Joshua Dodson b: 7 Jul 1823 in PA, 
              7. Obadiah S Dodson b: 18 Mar 1825 in Union,, 
              7. Clinton Dodson b: 7 Dec 1826 in PA,  
              7. Joseph Goss Dodson b: 1829 in PA, 
              7. Hannah Dodson b. 1830 in PA 
     6. Hannah Goss m. Nathan Jennings. They soon moved to Randolph, Portage Co., OH
The Goss generations tended to move on from Pennsylvania to Ohio and beyond while Suttliffs remained in the general area and turned to occupations other than farming. 

  We will pick up the story of E. Dana Sutliff and Mary Ann Goss Sutliff in Richard and Merle Sutliff (1931-2005)

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