Annotated Bibliography

Koplan, J.P., Liverman, C.T.,& Kraak, V.I. (2005) Preventing Childhood Obesity: health in the balance.Washington, DC: The National Academic Press.
This book is beneficial to my research topic because it offers in depth information on the statistics of childhood obesity in America as well as reasons why the statistics read this way. It provides me with a wide range of topics that I can educate myself on like how the media influences childhood obesity as well as solutions on how to fix the problem of childhood obesity. This source is extremely useful because it was published by a credible source (The National Academic Press). This source is quite objective because it provides information on childhood obesity in different ethnic groups.I will absolutely use this source as one of my main sources in my webtext. It offers a lot of information on the different topics that I need to familiarize myself with in order to write my proposal. It has somewhat changed how I view my topic because I now realize after reading that obesity is much more complicated than I originally thought; there are many factors that play into childhood obesity.

Hills, A., King N., & Byrne N. (2007) Children, obesity and exercise: prevention, treatment and management of childhood adolescent obesity. New York, NY: Routledge.
This source is important because it includes information about body composition and what it has to do with how children develop obesity. It covers multiple topics like how obesity has to do with a child's socioeconomic status.I am given information about outside causes to obesity besides just what kinds of foods children eat on a daily basis. I would assume this source to be credible because it is located in the Library of Congress's Catalog.I would like to use this source in my webtext because I think it will offer me information about obese children from different socioeconomic backgrounds.

Poskitt, E., Edmunds, L. (2008) Management of Childhood Obesity. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
This book deals with children who are already obese and how to manage their food intake. It explains that obesity does not have to do with merely weight or size but a child's overall health. It explains that these detrimental health effects are not something new to society and that this problem has been an issue for a long time; it also goes on to explain why obesity is becoming more prevalent. The book was published by a university so there is credibility in the information provides in this book. It will be useful to me because I can learn how children already struggling with obesity can learn to cope with it and become healthy.This will be a good source to use in my research because it permits me to learn the key steps involved in treating obesity after it has already occurred. 

Ebbeling, C.B., Pawlak D.C., & Ludwig, D.S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure.The Lancet (360)473-482.
This article dealt with how childhood obesity has become a public health threat, and it also speaks of easy cures by exercising and eating healthy foods. The article was published by a well known medical journal. This source was a smart choice to use because it allowed me to glimpse how serious childhood obesity has become. 

Ludwig D.S., Peterson K.E., & Gortmaker S.L. (2001).Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis. The Lancet (357)505-508 
This article assisted me in explaining how soft drinks are in direct relation to childhood obesity. Again, this article was credible because it was published by a prominent medical journal. This source was very beneficial in educating me on how childhood obesity shares a connection with the consumption of soft drinks. 

LaFraniere, S. (2007, July 4). In Mauritania, Seeking to end an Overfed Ideal. New York Times pp. Al.
This source was beneficial in order to help explain what the government of Mauritania is doing to end force feeding.The article was featured in the New York Times, a credible, well known newspaper. The article was helpful in explaining to me what the people of Mauritania are doing to end the practice of force feeding.

Wedoud, A., Y., M. (2010, October 12). Women fight Mauritania's fattening tradition. CNN. Retrieved from
This source explained how force feeding in Mauritania is a deep-seated tradition that seems to be difficult for many citizens to break. It is a credible source because I attained it from CNN, a credible news source. I used this article to explain in my podcast, why the force feeding women is so deeply ingrained in many of these people regardless of the affect it has on their health. 

Haworth, A. (2011). Forced to be Fat. Marie Claire. Retrieved from
The article summarized why women are force fed as well as the process, and what they are forced to go through. The source is credible because it is from Marie Claire magazine, a magazine that primarily focuses on women and their health. This artcile helped me to research women that are forced to be fat who do not want to be fat. They would prefer to exercise and eat healthy to live longer. 

Harter, P. (2004, January 26). Mauritania's wife-fattening Farm. BBC Retrieved from
The article helped to explain that parents send their daughters to farms to be force fed in order to remove the responsibility from themselves. The article is credible because I attained it from BBC, a popular news source in Britain. This article aided my research in explaining how women are force fed in large numbers on fattening farms, so that their parents do not have to do it themselves. 

Van Zuydam, S. (2007, April 16). Mauritania struggles with love of Fat Women. MSNBC Retrieved from
The article speaks of how Mauritania practices force feeding, and there is not really an end in sight to it. This source is from MSNBC, a prominent news source in the United States, so it is very credible. The article helped me to understand how prevalent force feeding women is in Mauritania, and how stopping it will be very difficult. 

Benefits from Resveratol Retrieved from
This site helped breakdown the effects has on the body from diabetes to high cholesterol. The site is credible because the author is educated and the site is updated often. The webpage was beneficial in helping me to understand the effects fast food has on the body.  

Chitale, R., (2008) "Fast Food: The Fast Track to Organ Damage." ABC News. Retrieved from
The article was about fast food's effect on the organs. It explained how studies show that fast food can be very damaging to the body. The article was featured on the ABC website, a credible news source. I used this source because it offered a lot of information on how fast food effects the liver; the liver is one of the most important organs in the human body. 
This webpage supplied information about the effects of too much sodium and cholesterol in a human's diet. is a website that is updated often and uses the opinions of experts in their writings, so it was a credible source to use. I used this source mainly because it explained in detail why too much sodium is bad for humans as well as what foods have a lot of sodium in them. 

Wong, K., (2005) Fast Food Linked to Obesity, Diabetes. Scientific American. Retrieved from 
This article spoke of the connection that fast food has with obesity and diabetes. The Scientific American is a magazine that won the 2011 Award for a magazine having general excellence; the site is also updated often and uses expert opinions' in their content. The article allowed me to understand why fast food has such a major link with the continued rise of obesity which in turn leads to diabetes. 
The article on this site went in-depth about the effects of fast food restaurants on diabetes. The site is always updated and has recent content. Experts are consulted when articles like this one are put on the site. has a large quantity of health-related subject matter that can be read as well. This particular article explained how fast food is becoming more and more popular with the public and with this comes the increase in type two diabetes.

Deckelbaum, R., Williams, C.L., (2001). Childhood Obesity. Obesity Research(9:4)239-243.
The journal article explained the effects parents have on their child's weight. This article came from a scholarly journal that focuses on obesity, and experts write these articles. The article helped me research how obese mothers can effect their children.

Golan, M., (2006). Parents as agents of change in childhood obesity-from research to practice. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity (1:2)66-76.
This article focuses on how parents can positively influence their children and prevent obesity. The people writing these articles were experts in the field of childhood obesity, and the journal is international so doctors and researchers around the world can read it. I used this article because it was beneficial in helping me research the different programs available for treating childhood obesity.

Rochman, B., (2011, February 4). Are Working Moms to Blame for Childhood Obesity Time. Retrieved from
This was an article featured online at, and it dealt with how working mothers may be more likely to have obese children because they have such demanding jobs. Time magazine is a reputable source that is updated often and gains the opinions of expert researchers. I choose to use this source because it can me good statistics about working mothers and how they are linked to childhood obesity.

Veugelers, J.P., & Fitzgerald, A., (2005). Effectiveness of School Programs in Preventing Childhood Obesity: A Multilevel Comparison. Am J Public Health(95:3) 432-435.
The source pinpointed some programs that are used to not only prevent childhood obesity but treat it as well. This scholarly journal is well known and uses the opinions of experts. I used this source because it aided me in learning abut how schools are attempting to curb obesity as well.

The Fit Kids Foundation. Retrieved from
The Fit Kids Foundation is a program that promotes physical activity and healthy eating. The website is credible because it is updated often and provides information about what dates it begins as well as the age group and etc. This website was important because it gave me an example of programs out there that will help prevent childhood obesity. 

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital. Retrieved from
This source was a website for a children's hospital that partners with Stanford University to inform parents about childhood obesity. This website is reputable because it offers the opinions of experts in the pediatric field as well as researchers at Stanford University. The programs that the hospital offer were important to me because they not only have programs to treat the child for obesity but also family programs for everyone else in the family. 

Meniado, B.K. (2011). Working Mothers tend to have Obese Children. Retrieved from
The online article focused on how working mothers tend to be more likely to have obese children. The source was credible because it came from a well known newspaper that has an online site. I used this article to help aide me in my research into whether working parents have a negative effect on their children's eating habits as well as their amount of physical activity.

Hall, L. (2010). Should O.C ban soda for food stamp users? Retrieved from
I used this photo because it showed the many appealing options that children have when choosing unhealthy soft drinks.

Photograph of a nutrition label that has trans fats [JPG]. (2011). Retrieved 9 April 2012 from
I choose this photo because it showed where trans fats are located in a nutrition label.

Photograph of a syringe. [JPG]. Retrieved 9 April 2012 from
The photo of a syringe in an apple was meant to represent all the chemicals that are added to foods that were once healthy.

Type 2 diabetes. (2006). [JPG]. Retrieved 9 April 2012 from 
This picture was meant to show how find the level of the blood sugar level when one has type 2 diabetes. 

Untitled image of diabetic kidney disease. (n.d). [JPG]. Retrieved 9 April 2012 from 
The picture was meant to target the location of the kidneys to explain that the person was having pain from diabetes.

Salty fries could affect your arteries in just half an hour. [JPG]. (2011). Retrieved 9 April 2012 from
The fry image was where people get the most amount of salt from fast food restaurants. 

Untitled image of sausage egg biscuit. [JPG]. (2011). Retrieved 9 April 2012 from  
I used to sausage egg biscuit to explain what I was speaking about in the passage that was about cholesterol and sodium.

Untitled image of normal and fatty liver comparison. [JPG]. (2011). Retrieved 9 April 2011 from 
I used this image to show the difference between a normal healthy liver and a diseased fatty liver.

Untitled image of a man drinking alcohol. [JPG]. (2009). Retrieved from 9 April 2011
I choose this photo because it was meant to explain what the image of a hardcore alcoholic really is.  

Untitled image of a man having a heart attack. [JPG]. (2010). Retrieved 9 April 2012 from 
I used this photo because it explained the different symptoms that happen when someone is undergoing a heart attack. 

Harmful Effects of Fast Food. [JPG]. (2009). Retrieved 9 April 2012 from: 
I choose this sign because it clearly tells the viewer that fast food is a bad choice and should be avoided.

McDonalds Fast Food. [JPG]. (2006). Retrieved 11 April 2012 from 
The McDonald's fast food was used to show exactly what kind of foods I was talking about.