The major cities of A.P which have developed a well network of the
following transport systems
Andhra Pradesh has all four modes of
Transportation available viz. Road, Rail, Air and Water.
There are National and state highways joining State capitals and district head
quarters respectively. State Governments A.P.S.R.T.C is coined as the best for
its services and maintenance nation wide. There are 2,949 km of National
highways passing through Andhra Pradesh. In total the length of all the roads in
Andhra Pradesh is nearly 1,25,768 km.
The longest of this is N.H no:5 which is often called as Grand Trunk road
or G.T road joining the cities Calcutta and Chennai. This highway passes through
places Visakhapatnam, Rajahmundry, Vijayawada, Guntur and Nellore covering a
distance of 1011 km.
This national highway has a distance of 772 km in Andhra Pradesh
passing through Adilabad, Nizamabad, Medak, Hyderabad, Kurnool and Anantapur.
This highway joins Nagpur city with Bangalore.
This national highway connects the two major cities Pune and Vijayawada.
The distance covered in the state is 392 km.
This national highway connects the two major cities Bangalore and Madras
covering a distance of 84 km only in the state.
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The state has South central railways with
its head quarters at Secunderabad. The state is divided in to three railway
zones, which are S.C.R, Southern railways and Southeastern railways. The total
length of the railway lines in Andhra Pradesh is nearly 4,713 km. There are 661
railway stations situated in Andhra Pradesh.
South Central Railways
South central railways divisional offices
are situated at Secunderabad, Sholapur, Hubli, Vijayawada and Guntur. S.C.R
covers a distance of 3,812 km in the state. Vijayawada Railway junction is the
biggest one in Andhra Pradesh and acts as a junction which connects North and
South Indian rail routes.
Major Rail Routes
This route connects Chennai and Calcutta cities passing through
Gudur, Nellore, Vijayawada, Rajahmundry and Waltair stations in Andhra Pradesh.
Chennai - Mumbai:
This route connects Chennai
and Mumbai cities passing through Renigunta, Nandalur, Cuddapah and Gunthakal
This route connects Chennai and Delhi cities passing through Gudur,
Nellore, Vijayawada and Kazipet stations in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra’s long sea board stretching nearly
966 km from Srikakulam district in the North to Nellore district in the South
was once served with great deal in local transportation. The rivers Krishna and
Godavari also provide transportation facilities along with their canals. The
longest is Krishna canal ranging to 995 km, Godavari ranging to 800 km,
Buckingham canal ranging to 410 km and K.C canal with 120 km cater
transportation of goods and public alike.
Andhra Pradesh is having eight
seaports out of which Vishakapatnam port is the major one followed by Kakinada,
Machilipatnam, Kalingapatnam, Vadarevu Bhimunipatnam, Narsapuram, and
This is the natural port formed with a mountain called Dolphin
nose. This port started its operations in 1933 and kept developing. Hindustan
Shipyard is located in this port building cargo and Naval ships.
This port is situated in East Godavari district. Ships carrying
cargo are made to anchor at a distance of 8 km from the coast and small boats
are used to transfer the goods from the ships to offshore. This port is a medium
port, at Nakkalapudi there exists a light house which is 7 km from Kakinada.
This port is situated in Krishna district that was once the prime
center for sea merchandise. Government of Andhra Pradesh is taking adequate
measures in developing this port for medium scale operations.
Situated at 29 km from Srikakulam district, this is a minor port.
Ships are made to halt at a distance of 3 km from the shore and tiny boats are
utilized for the goods transportation.
This port is in Vishakapatnam district. The lighthouse here is
famous for navigating ships on shore and the light can be seen from 17 km
The fastest way of reaching the
destination is possible only by Air. Andhra Pradesh is having a major airport
and 3 medium scaled and 4 minor type airport for the people.
Hyderabad has become the
software destination and people flying off to different countries are at an
average are more from Andhra Pradesh alone. At Hyderabad airport there are many
flights to many destinations. Government is proposing to convert this airport to
the international standards.
The remaining Airports are at Tirupathi, Vishakapatnam and Vijayawada which are
used for domestic traveling. Flights frequency is at regular basis. Other
Airports are at Rajahmundry, Cuddapah, Donakonda and Warangal. These Airports
are used in Special cases. All these Airports are under the Ministry of Civil
Aviation Ministry Union Government.
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