Why does an apple fall down? Because it is pulled down by gravity. Why does a rocket move up? Because Newton’s III law comes into play. We have been made so familiar with this so-called idea of ‘causality’ that it seems natural to us to search for a reason - a cause – for every thing that occurs. And in most cases, there is a cause for things.

In science, the laws are nothing but proposed causes for things to occur. You see something, you propose a cause for it, and the thing has been explained. This shows how much human mind loves causality.

And that is perhaps the reason why quantum physics is distasteful to many. It abhors the idea of causality, saying that everything is controlled only by probabilities. It might be surprising to know that quantum physics almost puts universe into chaos. There is no need for an electron to be near the nucleus: it has a feeble probability to exist anywhere in the universe. This seems to say that nothing in this world is deterministic; there are only chances that things will occur.

Fortunately, this somehow rules only in the miniature atomic world. I don’t understand why this is so, but we can see from our everyday experience that this is true. Apples do fall down, and a rocket does go up with our satellites. And there is another form of causality which has not yet been confirmed officially by scientists: the moral causality. All of us, sooner or later, come to know that it’s our own good actions that bring us good, and that bad brings bad. To some extent, this can be because of our change in attitude: we expect good to occur to us when do good, and so is it for bad. It is our intuitive belief in moral causality which causes this. So, Newton’s III law seems to hold here too:

Reaction = - (Action)

Here too, the minus sign is just to show that action and reaction are in opposite directions: action ‘goes out’ from you, and reaction ‘comes back’ to you.

However, this is only a crude form of what seems to be the actual law: the one which takes into account our feeling of remorse for bad actions, our pride in doing good actions, our amount of dedication towards God, and may be some other factors. The dedication (or devotion, if you prefer) factor seems to play a major role. You might have heard stories about people who were morally very unruly, later converted to utmost dedication, then enjoyed eternal joy. Their past actions did not completely come back as reactions. Hence the equation might be of the form:

Reaction = - (Action – K (Dedication factor)),

where K is a very large number. So, it seems, even if you increase your dedication factor by a very small amount, it has a large impact on your ‘returns’. Obviously, real devotion has to be favourable to the devotee in every aspect!