The following are key historical events that took place in and around Summerton, S.C., in the 1800's:
- The War of 1812
between U.S. and Great Britain ended in 1814. It was essentially a
stalemate, but it did reconfirm America's Independence from Great
- The first recorded land purchase in the Summerton area was by Charles Harvin in the 1820's. He bought 69 acreas of woodland between Taw Caw and Scott's Branch river.
- By the 1850's, a number of prosperous plantation owners had built lavish homes in 'Summer Town', where they took their families during the hot summer months.
- The newspaper archives of the 'Sumter Banner' from December 1854 contain an advertisement for a teacher for the Summerton Academy starting in January 1855 at a salary 0f $400 per year.
- On December 19, 1855, a legislative act was passed
establishing the Clarendon District with the same boundaries defined
in the Act of 1785. The State Constitution of 1868 would later
change districts into counties.
- Shortly after the
re-establishment of Clarendon as a county in 1855, Captain Joseph C.
Burgess was selected to determine the geographical center of the
county so that a county
seat and courthouse
could be built. The
was selected is where
the present courthouse stands in the
An ordinance to dissolve the Union between the State of South Carolina and other states united with her under the compact entitled, "The Constitution of the United States of America".
- The American Civil
War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort
Sumter, a key fort held by Union troops in South Carolina.
Eleven states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate
States of America (CSA). South Carolina was the first state to
secede from the Union. The war came to an end four years later with
Gen. Robert E. Lee's surrender to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court
House on April 9, 1865.
- During the Civil War, citizens of Summerton and Clarendon County primarily served in one of three companies: the Manning Guards, Keel’s Company, or the Sprott Guard.
- In 1865, a body of
General Sherman's Union troops under command of General Potter
raided Clarendon county. A large portion of the nearby town of
Manning, including the court house, was destroyed during "Potter's
Raid". The raid took place only a few days before Gen. Robert
E. Lee´s surrender at Appomattox.
- In the years following the Civil War, cotton was still king. There were over a dozen cotton gins within 5 miles of Summerton. This was to end in the early 1900's when the boll weevil pretty much wiped out cotton farmers across the South.
- In May 1885, steam boat service from Charleston to Wrights Bluff just outside Summerton was reduced to just one trip per week.
- On December 24, 1889, the South Carolina Assembly granted a charter officially incorporating the town of Summerton.
- In 1889, the Wilson & Summerton Railroad line began operating.
- In December 1889, Summerton Drugs opened for business.
- In April 1890, the short-lived Summerton Star Newspaper was founded.
- In the 1890's,
Telegraph systems were introduced into Manning and Summerton.
American War began in April 1898. Fortunately, the war came to a
quick end with the signing of the Treaty
of Paris on December 10, 1898.
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