Windows Interview Page 6
 
 

What is the family of Windows 2000?

Windows 2000 Professional (Desktop Operating System)

Windows 2000 Server(Server Operating System)

Windows 2000 Advanced Server(Server Operating System)

Windows 2000 Data center Server(Server Operating System)

What is the family of Windows NT?

Windows NT workstation(Desktop)

Windows NT 4.0 server(Server)

Windows NT 4.0 Enterprise server(Server)

What is the family of Widows 2003 family?

Windows Server 2003, Web Edition

■ Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

■ Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

■ Windows Server 2003, Data center Edition

What is the Difference between Desktop and Server?

In desktop system we cannot load Active directory.

In server system we can load Active directory. So that we can create a Domain in server, advanced server, Data center server.

In professional there is no fault tolerance on the hard drive (i.e., disk mirroring, RAID 5).

In server we have fault tolerance on the hard drive.

What is the difference between windows 2000 server and Windows 2000 advanced server, Data center server?

In Windows 2000 server we don’t have Clustering, Network load balancing.

Where as in Windows 2000 advanced server and in Data center server we have Clustering and Network load balancing.

In 2000-Advanced server and Data center server we have more RAM and more Processors.

What are the minimum and Maximum configurations for Windows family?

Windows 2000 Operating System family

OS Name

Processor

RAM (min.)

RAM (rec.)

Free Hard disk space

Supported

no. of Pros.

RAM

Windows 2000 Professional

Pentium / 133MHz

32 MB

64 MB

650 MB

1 GB (rec.)

2

4 GB

Windows 2000 Server

Pentium / 133MHz

128 MB

256 MB

Approx.1 GB

(Rec. 2 GB)

4

4 GB

Windows 2000 Advanced Server

Pentium / 133MHz

128 MB

256 MB

Approx 1 GB

(Rec. 2 GB)

8

8 GB

Windows 2000 Datacenter Server

Pentium / 133MHz

128 MB

256 MB

Approx 1 GB

(Rec. 2 GB)

32

64 GB

CPU Requirements for Windows Server 2003

Specification

Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

Minimum recommended CPU speed

550 MHz

550 MHz

Number of CPUs supported

1–4

1–8

Minimum and Maximum RAM for Windows Server 2003

RAM Specification

Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

Minimum recommended RAM

256 megabytes(MB)

256 MB

Maximum RAM

4 gigabytes (GB)

32 GB

What are the differences between windows 2000 professional and server versions?

In professional we don’t have fault tolerance (Mirroring, RAID5) where as in all server versions we have.

In professional we cannot load Active Directory where as in all server versions we can.

In professional and 2000 server we don’t clustering and network load balancing where as in 2000 advanced server and in Data centre server we have Clustering and NLB.

As you move from server to advanced server, advanced server to data centre server we get more RAM and more Processors.

What are the features of Windows 2000 professional?

Windows 2000 Professional improves the capabilities of previous versions of Windows in five main areas: ease of use, simplified management, increased hardware support, enhanced file management, and enhanced security features.

What are the features of windows 2000?

What are the Operating Systems can u upgrade to Windows 2000?

We cannot upgrade window 3.1 to windows 2000.

We can upgrade directly from windows 95/98/NT 3.51/NT 4.0 to Windows 2000.

If we have Windows NT 3.1/NT 3.50 first we need to upgrade to Windows NT3.51 or NT 4.0 then we can upgrade to windows 2000.

What is the primary difference between a workgroup and a domain?

A workgroup is a distributed directory maintained on each computer within the workgroup. A domain is a centralized directory of resources maintained on domain controllers and presented to the user through Active Directory services.

What is a Stand-alone computer?

A computer that belongs to a workgroup, not a domain, is called a stand-alone computer.

What is Domain Controller and Member server?

With Windows 2000, servers in a domain can have one of two roles:

Domain controllers, which contain matching copies of the user accounts and other Active Directory data in a given domain.

Member servers, which belong to a domain but do not contain a copy of the Active

Directory data.

Member servers running Windows 2000 Server: A member server is a server that isn't configured as a domain controller. A member server doesn't store Directory information and can't authenticate users. Member servers provide shared resources such as shared folders or printers.

Client computers running Windows 2000 Professional: Client computers run a user's desktop environment and allow the user to gain access to resources in the domain.

Can you change the Name of a Domain Controller?

You cannot change the name of a server while it is a domain controller in windows 2000 domain. Instead, you must change it to a member or stand-alone server, change the name, and finally make the server a domain controller once again.

But you can change the name of a domain controller in windows 2003 Operating System.

Why do we need Multiple Domain Controllers?

If you have multiple domain controllers, it provides better support for users than having only one. Multiple domain controllers provide automatic backup for user accounts and other Active Directory data, and they work together to support domain controller functions (such as validating logons).

What is the structure and purpose of a directory service?

A directory service consists of a database that stores information about network resources, such as computer and printers, and the services that make this information available to users and applications.

What is Active Directory?

Active Directory is a directory service, which stores information about network resources such as users, groups, computes, printers, and shares. Active Directory provides single point for organization, control, management.

Note: In a lay man language Active Directory is some thing like Yellow Pages.

What roles does a Main Domain Controller (the first domain controller in the entire forest) will have by default?

By default it gets 5 roles.

Schema Master

Domain Naming Master

PDC Emulator

Relative Identifier(RID)

Infrastructure Master (IM)

Note: The above roles are called operations master roles.

What are the roles an Additional Domain controller will have by default?

By default you cannot get any role. But if you want to assign any role you can transfer from master.

What are the roles a Child Main Domain Controller will have by default?

By default it gets only three roles.

PDC Emulator

Relative Identifier(RID)

Infrastructure Master(IM)

What are the roles a Child additional Domain controller will have by default?

By default it won’t get any role. But if want to assign you can transfer from main child domain controller.

Explain the activities of each role?

1) Schema Master:

It will govern the Active Directory to all the Domain Controllers in a forest.

2) Domain Naming Master:

Maintains the unique Domain Naming System in a forest to avoid duplication.

3) RID master:

It assigns unique ID to every user account. (Domain + RID)

4) PDC Emulator:

If PDC is upgraded to windows 2000 it will send data to BDC’s on the network. (Replication of user Database)

If the user password is not matching in a particular Domain, then it will contact PDC emulator of first Domain Controller (Master Domain controller)

5) Infrastructure Master:

Maintains the infrastructure group proper files on the master Domain controller.

What are the roles must be on the same server?

Domain Naming Master and Global catalogue

What are the roles those must not be on the same Domain Controller?

Infrastructure Master and Global Catalogue

Note: If you have only one domain then you won’t get any problem even if you have both of them in the same server.

If you have two or more domains in a forest then they shouldn’t be in the same server.

What is Global Catalogue?

This is a database on one or more domain controllers. Each copy of the database contains a replica of every object in the Active Directory but with a limited number of each object's attributes.

Use of Global catalogue

Contains partial replica of all objects in the entire forest

Contains universal groups

Validates user principle names (UPN) when you are creating. This checks that any UPN exists with this name or not in the entire forest.

How to check the above roles to which server they have assigned?

Install support tools from CD

Programsèsupport toolsètoolsècmd prompt(Go to the command prompt in this way only)

At command prompt type “netdom query fsmo”

What is FSMO?

Flexible Single Master Operations

Note: The above five roles are called FSMO roles.

How to check which server is having Global Catalogue?

First load support tools

Run è cmd èldp

Then you will get a window there

Click on file è Select connect to è type the required server

Then you will get some information, at the bottom you can find “Global Catalogue” TRUE/FALSE. If TRUE is there then it is a global catalogue server. If FALSE is there then it is not a global catalogue server.

Note: By default the Global Catalogue service is enabled in Main Domain controller. And by default the Global Catalogue service is disabled in additional Domain Controllers. If you want to transfer Global Catalogue service from Main Domain Controller to Additional Domain Controller, then you can transfer.

How to transfer a role from on Domain Controller to another Domain controller?

Start è Programs è Administrative tools è Active Directory sites and services è

Right click on Domain Name èFirst connect to the required server by the option “connect to”. Then è Right click on Domain Name èselect Operations Masters è there you will get 3 roles tabs.è Select the required one è click on change tab è OK

How to start/stop a service from command prompt?

Go to the command prompt, type

“Net start service name”(To start a service)

Net stop service name”(To stop a service)

Ex: “net start netlogon”

“Net stop netlogon”

What is a Domain controller?

Domain controllers, which contain matching copies of the user accounts and other Active Directory data in a given domain.

What is a Member server?

Member servers, which belong to a domain but do not contain a copy of the Active

Directory data.

What is standalone server?

A server that belongs to a workgroup, not a domain, is called a stand-alone server.

What is standalone computer?

A computer that belongs to a workgroup, not a domain, is called a stand-alone computer.

Note: With Windows 2000, it is possible to change the role of a server back and forth from domain controller to member server (or stand-alone server), even after Setup is complete.

What is a client?

A client is any device, such as personal computer, printer or any other server, which requests services or resources from a server. The most common clients are workstations.

What is a server?

A server is a computer that provides network resources and services to workstations and other clients.

What is Main Domain Controller?

The first computer in the entire forest on which you have performed DCPROMO.

What is additional Domain controller?

What is child domain controller?

How to know whether a server is Domain Controller or not?

You can find in three ways

1)By log on dialogue box

If it is a Domain Controller at Domain Names you won’t get “this computer” option.

If you get “this computer” option in a server Operating System that must be a Member Server.

2)By My computer Properties

On Network Identification tab, the Properties button will be disabled.

3)By typing DCPROMO

If it is already a Domain Controller you will uninstallation wizard for Active Directory.

If it is not a Domain Controller you will get installation wizard for Active Directory.

4.You should see the share of netlog and sysvol … just type netshare at the cmd prompt

5.You should be able o see the ntds setting in the winnt directory

6.You should see the ntds folder in regedit ..

Who will replicate the Password changes?

PDC emulator (immediately it replicates to all the Domain Controllers)

What are the file systems we have in windows?

FAT/FAT16/FAT32/NTFS 4.0/NTFS 5.0

How to convert from FAT to NTFS?

Convert drive /fs:ntfs

What is a forest?

Collection of one or more domain trees that do not form a contiguous namespace. Forests allow organizations to group divisions that operate independently but still need to communicate with one another.

All trees in a forest share common Schema, configuration partitions and Global Catalog. All trees in a give forest trust each other with two way transitive trust relations.

What is a Domain?

A group of computers that are part of a network and shares a common directory and security polices. In Windows 2000 a domain is a security boundary and permissions that are granted in one domain are not carried over to other domains

What is a user principle name?

username@domainname.com

What is Fully Qualified Domain Name?

Hostname.domainname.com (this is also referred as computer name)

How many hard disks can you connect to a system at a time?

Maximum we can connect four Hard disks (If we don’t have CD ROM).

What are they?

Primary Master

Primary Slave

Secondary Master

Secondary Slave

Note: We cannot have two of same type at a time.

How types of disks are there in windows 2000?

Basic Disk

Dynamic Disk

Dynamic disk format does not work on a computer that contains more than one operating system. The only operating system that can access a hard disk using dynamic disk format is windows 2000.

What is a partition?

Disk Partition is a way of dividing your Physical Disk so that each section functions as a separate unit.

A partition divides a disk into sections that function as separate units and that can be formatted for use by a file system.

How many types of partitions are there?

Two types of partitions are there.

Primary partition

Extended partition.

What is the difference between primary and secondary partition?

A primary partition or system partition is one on which you can install the files needed to load an operating system.

How many partitions can you create maximum? (Among that how many primary and how many Extended?)

Maximum we can create 4 partitions in basic disk. Among that we can create maximum 1 extended partition. You can create 4 primary partitions if you do not have Extended.

What is a volume?

Disk volume is a way of dividing your Physical Disk so that each section functions as a separate unit.

How many types of volumes are there?

There are 5 types of volumes are there.

Simple

Spanned

Striped(also called RAID 0)

Mirror(Also called RAID 1)

RAID 5(Also called striped volumes with parity)

What is the difference between partition and volume?

You have limitations on number of Partitions.

You don’t have limitations on number of volumes.

You cannot extend the size of a partition.

You can extend the size of a volume.

What is active (system) partition?

The partition in which your current Operating System boot files are there.

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