QTP - Quick Test Professional Interview Questions and answers

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Explain the concept of object repository & how QTP recognizes objects?

Object Repository: displays a tree of all objects in the current component or in the current action or entire test (depending on the object repository mode you selected). We can view or modify the test object description of any test object in the repository or to add new objects to the repository. Quicktest learns the default property values and determines in which test object class it fits. If it is not enough it adds assistive properties, one by one to the description until it has compiled the unique description. If no assistive properties are available, then it adds a special Ordinal identifier such as objects location on the page or in the source code.

37. Explain in brief about the QTP Automation Object Model

Essentially all configuration and run functionality provided via the Quick Test interface is in some way represented in the Quick Test automation object model via objects, methods, and properties. Although a one-on-one comparison cannot always be made, most dialog boxes in Quick Test have a corresponding automation object, most options in dialog boxes can be set and/or retrieved using the corresponding object property, and most menu commands and other operations have corresponding automation methods. You can use the objects, methods, and properties exposed by the Quick Test automation object model, along with standard programming elements such as loops and conditional statements to design your program.

What is QTP?

Quick Test is a graphical interface record-playback automation tool. It is able to work with any web, java or windows client application. Quick Test enables you to test standard web objects and ActiveX controls. In addition to these environments, Quick Test Professional also enables you to test Java applets and applications and multimedia objects on Applications as well as standard Windows applications, Visual Basic 6 applications and .NET framework applications

Which environments does QTP support?

Quick Test Professional supports functional testing of all enterprise environments, including Windows, Web, .NET, Java/J2EE, SAP, Siebel, Oracle, PeopleSoft, Visual Basic, ActiveX, mainframe terminal emulators, and Web services.

7. Explain about the Test Fusion Report of QTP?

Once a tester has run a test, a Test Fusion report displays all aspects of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandable Tree View of the test specifying exactly where application failures occurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every step that highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of each checkpoint pass and failure. By combining Test Fusion reports with Quick Test Professional, you can share reports across an entire QA and development team.

What is keyword view and Expert view in QTP?

Quick Test’s Keyword Driven approach, test automation experts have full access to the underlying test and object properties, via an integrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-trip synchronized with the Keyword View. Advanced testers can view and edit their tests in the Expert View, which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript that Quick Test Professional automatically generates. Any changes made in the Expert View are automatically synchronized with the Keyword View.

5. How Does Run time data (Parameterization) is handled in QTP?

You can then enter test data into the Data Table, an integrated spreadsheet with the full functionality of Excel, to manipulate data sets and create multiple test iterations, without programming, to expand test case coverage. Data can be typed in or imported from databases, spreadsheets, or text files.

How to use the Object spy in QTP 8.0 version?

There are two ways to Spy the objects in QTP: 1) thru file toolbar, In the File Toolbar click on the last toolbar button (an icon showing a person with hat). 2) True Object repository Dialog, In Object repository dialog click on the button object spy. In the Object spy Dialog click on the button showing hand symbol. The pointer now changes in to a hand symbol and we have to point out the object to spy the state of the object if at all the object is not visible. or window is minimized then, hold the Ctrl button and activate the required window to and release the Ctrl button.

What is the use of Text output value in QTP?

Output values enable to view the values that the application talks during run time. When parameterized, the values change for each iteration. Thus by creating output values, we can capture the values that the application takes for each run and output them to the data table.

2. How to handle the exceptions using recovery scenario manager in QTP?

There are 4 trigger events during which a recovery scenario should be activated. A pop up window appears in an opened application during the test run: A property of an object changes its state or value, A step in the test does not run successfully, An open application fails during the test run, These triggers are considered as exceptions. You can instruct QTP to recover unexpected events or errors that occurred in your testing environment during test run. Recovery scenario manager provides a wizard that guides you through the defining recovery scenario. Recovery scenario has three steps: 1. Triggered Events 2. Recovery steps 3. Post Recovery Test-Run

1. What are the Features & Benefits of Quick Test Pro (QTP 8.0)?

Operates stand-alone, or integrated into Mercury Business Process Testing and Mercury Quality Center. Introduces next-generation zero-configuration Keyword Driven testing technology in Quick Test Professional 8.0 allowing for fast test creation, easier maintenance, and more powerful data-driving capability. Identifies objects with Unique Smart Object Recognition, even if they change from build to build, enabling reliable unattended script execution. Collapses test documentation and test creation to a single step with Auto-documentation technology. Enables thorough validation of applications through a full complement of checkpoints.

If an application name is changes frequently i.e while recording it has name, in this case how does QTP handles?

i.e while recording it has name “Window1” and then while running its “Windows2” in this case how does QTP handles?
QTP handles those situations using “Regular Expressions”.

How does QTP identifies the object in the application?

QTP identifies the object in the application by LogicalName and Class.
For example:
The Edit box is identified by
 Logical Name : PSOPTIONS_BSE_TIME20
 Class: WebEdit

: In how many ways we can add check points to an application using QTP?

We can add checkpoints while recording the application or we can add after recording is completed using Active screen (Note: To perform the second one The Active screen must be enabled while recording).

Explain the check points in QTP?

A checkpoint verifies that expected information is displayed in a Application while the test is running. You can add eight types of checkpoints to your test for standard web objects using QTP.
 A page checkpoint checks the characteristics of a Application
 A text checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place on a Application.
 An object checkpoint (Standard) checks the values of an object on a Application.
 An image checkpoint checks the values of an image on a Application.
 A table checkpoint checks information within a table on a Application
 An Accessibility checkpoint checks the web page for Section 508 compliance.
 An XML checkpoint checks the contents of individual XML data files or XML documents that are part of your Web application.
 A database checkpoint checks the contents of databases accessed by your web site

What are the types of Object Repositorys in QTP?

QuickTest has two types of object repositories for storing object information: shared object repositories and action object repositories. You can choose which type of object repository you want to use as the default type for new tests, and you can change the default as necessary for each new test.
The object repository per-action mode is the default setting. In this mode, QuickTest automatically creates an object repository file for each action in your test so that you can create and run tests without creating, choosing, or modifying object repository files. However, if you do modify values in an action object repository, your changes do not have any effect on other actions. Therefore, if the same test object exists in more than one action and you modify an object's property values in one action, you may need to make the same change in every action (and any test) containing the object.

How QTP recognizes Objects in AUT?

QuickTest stores the definitions for application objects in a file called the Object Repository. As you record your test, QuickTest will add an entry for each item you interact with. Each Object Repository entry will be identified by a logical name (determined automatically by QuickTest), and will contain a set of properties (type, name, etc) that uniquely identify each object.Each line in the QuickTest script will contain a reference to the object that you interacted with, a call to the appropriate method (set, click, check) and any parameters for that method (such as the value for a call to the set method). The references to objects in the script will all be identified by the logical name, rather than any physical, descriptive properties.

Explain the QTP Tool interface?

QTP Tool interface contains the following key elements:

Title bar
displaying the name of the currently open test

Menu bar
displaying menus of QuickTest commands

File toolbar
containing buttons to assist you in managing tests

Test toolbar
containing buttons used while creating and maintaining tests

Debug toolbar
containing buttons used while debugging tests.

Note: The Debug toolbar is not displayed when you open QuickTest for the first time. You can display the Debug toolbar by choosing View > Toolbars > Debug. Note that this tutorial does not describe how to debug a test. For additional information, refer to the QuickTest Professional User's Guide.

Action toolbar
containing buttons and a list of actions, enabling you to view the details of an individual action or the entire test flow.

Note: The Action toolbar is not displayed when you open QuickTest for the first time. You can display the Action toolbar by choosing View > Toolbars > Action. If you insert a reusable or external action in a test, the Action toolbar is displayed automatically. For additional information, refer to the QuickTest Professional User's Guide.

Test pane
containing two tabs to view your test-the Tree View and the Expert View

Test Details pane
containing the Active Screen

Data Table
containing two tabs, Global and Action, to assist you in parameterizing your test

Debug Viewer pane
containing three tabs to assist you in debugging your test-Watch Expressions, Variables, and Command. (The Debug Viewer pane can be opened only when a test run pauses at a breakpoint.)

Status bar
displaying the status of the test

What is QTP or Quick Test Pro?

QuickTest is a graphical interface record-playback automation tool. It is able to work with any web, java or windows client application. Quick Test enables you to test standard web objects and ActiveX controls. In addition to these environments, QuickTest Professional also enables you to test Java applets and applications and multimedia objects on Applications as well as standard Windows applications, Visual Basic 6 applications and .NET framework applications.

To which environments does QTP supports?

QuickTest Professional supports functional testing of all enterprise environments, including Windows, Web, .NET, Java/J2EE, SAP,Siebel, Oracle, PeopleSoft, Visual Basic, ActiveX, mainframe terminal emulators, and Web services.

Explain about the Test Fusion Report of QTP?

Once a tester has run a test, a TestFusion report displays allaspects of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandableTree View of the test specifying exactly where application failuresoccurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every stepthat highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of eachcheckpoint pass and failure. By combining TestFusion reports withQuickTest Professional, you can share reports across an entire QAand development team.

What is keyword view and Expert view in QTP?

QuickTest’s Keyword Driven approach, test automation expertshave full access to the underlying test and object properties, via anintegrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-tripsynchronized with the Keyword View.Advanced testers can view and edit their tests in the Expert View,which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript thatQuickTest Professional automatically generates. Any changesmade in the Expert View are automatically synchronized with theKeyword View.

How Does Run time data (Parameterization) is handled in QTP?

You can then enter test data into the Data Table, an integratedspreadsheet with the full functionality of Excel, to manipulate datasets and create multiple test iterations, without programming, toexpand test case coverage. Data can be typed in or imported fromdatabases, spreadsheets, or text files.

Explain QTP Testing process?

The QuickTest testing process consists of 7 main phases:
Create your test plan
Prior to automating there should be a detailed description of the test including the exact steps to follow, data to be input, and all items to be verified by the test. The verification information should include both data validations and existence or state verifications of objects in the application.

Recording a session on your application
As you navigate through your application, QuickTest graphically displays each step you perform in the form of a collapsible icon-based test tree. A step is any user action that causes or makes a change in your site, such as clicking a link or image, or entering data in a form.


Enhancing your test
Inserting checkpoints into your test lets you search for a specific value of a page, object or text string, which helps you identify whether or not your application is functioning correctly.
NOTE: Checkpoints can be added to a test as you record it or after the fact via the Active Screen. It is much easier and faster to add the checkpoints during the recording process.
Broadening the scope of your test by replacing fixed values with parameters lets you check how your application performs the same operations with multiple sets of data.
Adding logic and conditional statements to your test enables you to add sophisticated checks to your test.
Debugging your test
If changes were made to the script, you need to debug it to check that it operates smoothly and without interruption.

Running your test on a new version of your application
You run a test to check the behavior of your application. While running, QuickTest connects to your application and performs each step in your test.

Analyzing the test results
You examine the test results to pinpoint defects in your application.

Reporting defects
As you encounter failures in the application when analyzing test results, you will create defect reports in Defect Reporting Tool.

What's New in QuickTest Professional 8.2?

 Keyword View: Lets you easily build and maintain tests without writing VBScripts.
 Auto-Documentation: Provides improved test clarity and the ability to view test steps in plain English.
 Step Generator: Allows you to quickly insert custom-built functions into your tests.
 Mercury Business Process Testing: Enhanced integration with BPT -- Business Components, Scripted Components, and Application Areas.
 Enhanced Expert View: Provides greater efficiency when generalizing test components.
 Action Parameters: Allows you to generalize testing actions for greater reusability.
 Data Parameters: You can now specify test or action parameters to pass values into and from your test, and between actions in your test.
 Open XML Report Format for Test Results: Test results are now stored in an open XML format, enabling you to easily customize the reports according to your own requirements, and to integrate the test result information with other applications.
 Unicode Support: Lets you test global deployments of your enterprise applications.
 Function Definition Generator: You can use the new Function Definition Generator to generate definitions for user-defined functions, add header information to them, and register functions to a test object.

What is QTPro? What is Quick Test Pro? What is Quick Test Professional?

Mercury QuickTest Professional™ provides the industry’s best solution for functional test and regression test automation - addressing every major software application and environment. This next-generation automated testing solution deploys the concept of Keyword-driven testing to radically simplify test creation and maintenance. Unique to QuickTest Professional’s Keyword-driven approach, test automation experts have full access to the underlying test and object properties, via an integrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-trip synchronized with the Keyword View.QuickTest Professional satisfies the needs of both technical and non-technical users. It enables you to deploy higher-quality applications faster, cheaper, and with less risk. It works hand-in-hand with Mercury Business Process Testing™ to bring non-technical subject matter experts into the quality process in a meaningful way. Plus, it empowers the entire testing team to create sophisticated test suites with minimal training.The deployment of Mercury QuickTest Professional is optimized through the use of Mercury best practices. Mercury best practices cover all aspects of deployment, including product installation and operation, organizational design, process implementation, continual process improvement and measurement of return on investment (ROI). Throughout your implementation Mercury applies these best practices to your specific situation, creating world-class procedures for you that drive long-term success.source