PeopleSoft Interview Questions – Application Engine.

Component Interface

Application Engine 

Peoplesoft Interview Questions - Component Interface 

1) There are different types of variables in the Application Engine people code?

 Local variable – these are available for the duration of the program in which they are declared. Global / Component – These variables are available while the Application Engine program is running. They are saved at commits and checkpoints, So they can be used for restarts. Component variables are same as Global incase of the AE.

2) What are theDifferent ways pass data between the steps?

1)State records – One row can be passed and can have many state records.

2)Component/Global People code variables

3)Temporary records – Multiple rows of data can be passed.

 3) What is Prerequisite for the State record?

1)Should be either Derived work record Or SQL Table.

2)Name of the record must end in AET; this is how the system identifies the record as a state record.

3)PROCESS_INSTANCE must be a key.

4)Any data types except character or numeric must not be required fields.

         Note: - No People code fires on an Application Engine state record.

         No Validation of translate values or Prompt tables are done.

4) How to read the runctrl parameters in AE

1) SQL: -   %Select (EMPLID) Select EMPLID from PS_AERUNCONTROL where PROCESS_INSTANCE = %PROCESS_INSTANCE and ORPID = %oprid

2) People code: - &SQL = “Select EMPLID from PS_AERUNCONTROL Where PROCESS_INSTACNE =” | PS_TEST_AET.PROCESS_INSTANCE | “and OPRID =” | %oprid.

%PROCESS_INSTANCE or %Bind (PROCESS_INSTANCE) can be used.

%PROCESS_INSTANCE is more efficient and faster

5) How do you execute Application Engine through Push Button?

1)CreateProcessRequest () , Schedule ()

2)CallAppEngine.

6)  What is the syntax for CallAppEngine?

   CallAppEngine (applid [, state record]);

7) What are the 3 trace parameters you can pass to your psae.exe?

-TRACE <trace value>

-TOOLSTRACESQL <trace value>

-TOOLSTRACEPC <trace value>

8) Which Trace option is the best place to start for general performance information?

-TRACE <trace value> 384 – mostly used trace value.


9) What is the difference between a Trace value and Trace parameters?

A Trace parameter determines which type of trace is turned on.

A Trace parameter determines what type of data is recorded in your trace files (s).

10) What are the 3 common ways to pass a trace parameter and value to your program psae.exe?

      Configuration manager, Process Definition, Command prompt.

11) What are the Different types of Application Engine?

       Standard: Standard entry-point program.

       Upgrade Only: Used by PeopleSoft Upgrade utilities only.

       Import Only: Used by PeopleSoft Import utilities only

       Daemon Only: Use for daemon type programs.

      Transform Only: Support for XSLT Transform programs.

12) How do you program AE program for the restarts?     

Program Level

    State Record

   One of the state record needs to SQL Table, Since All Derived work record will be re-initializing on commit.

Program Properties

    On the Advanced tab in the program properties dialog box, make sure that disable restart is not checked.

Configuration manager

    In the configuration manager, sure that Disable restart is not selected on the process scheduler tab.

Section Level

Section type

      The option for section type are prepare only and critical updates

nIf the section is preparing data i,e select data, Populating temporary tables, or updating temporary tables then the section should be prepare only.

nIf the section is updating the permanent application tables in the database, you should select critical update.

Step Level

Add an order by clause

 %Select Field Select Field1 from PS_SOME_RECORD Where FIELD1 >  %Bind (FIELD1) Order by FIELD1.

Add a switch to the selected table Delete processed rows.


    The only restriction for batch runs occurs when you have restart enabled, and you are inside a Do Select that is of the Select/Fetch type (instead of "Re-select" or "Restartable"). with select/Fetch, all commits inside the loop are ignored, including the commit frequency if it's set.

13) What is Set Processing?

Set Processing uses SQL to process groups, or sets, of rows at one time rather than processing each row individually. With row by row processing you following a repetitive loop that selects a row, determines if it meets a given criteria, if so, apply rule x to row Update row, commit. With set processing, you only select those rows that meet the filtering criteria and then run the rule once again all the affected rows.

14) Advantages of Set Processing?

Improved Performance: - Our internal testing has revealed that, in an overwhelming majority of cases, set processing performs significantly better than it is -by-row counterpart for “reasonable” batch processing volumes.

Minimized SQL Overhead: - It tends to use fewer Application Engine SQL statements that each processed more data than the statements executed in row-by-row processing.

Easy Maintenance: - if need to make a fix or add an enhancement to SQL, it’s just a matter of modifying the SQL or inserting the new “Chunk”.

Leveraging the RDBMS: - With Set – based processing, you take advantage of the SQL processing engine on the database rather than placing the processing burden and overhead on the application executable.

15) Testing and debugging application engine?

 Application Engine Trace file-You can track the step execution of your application execution.

Application Engine Interactive Debugger – First click on the trace tab and turn off the statement timings. Select Profile -> Edit Profile-> Process Scheduler Tab -> Application section Select Debug check box.

(You can dynamically modify the state record run application engine step by step

People Code Debugger for the Application Engine.)

AE Trace files: - AE_<Program Name>_<Process Instance>.AET

Without the process instance: - AE_<Date/Timestamp>_<OS_PID>.AET

16) Order and flow of action types

      1) Do When

      2) Do While

      3) Do Select

      4) Peoplecode

      5) SQL

      6) Call Section

      7) Message Log

      8) XSLT

      9) Do until

17) What is Prerequisite for the Temporary record?

      1) Should have process Instance as key

      2) Name should end with _TAO

18) Different types of Temporary tables

-Dedicated

-Un Dedicated (Shared)

19) Why Parallel Processing required?

     Potential performance improvements by splitting the data to be processed into groups and simultaneously running multiple instance of your program to deal with different  groups of data.

If you have a one program that uses a temporary table and is invoked multiple times, that single temporary table could be used concurrently in multiple executions of the code. This could create unpredictable results since the different instances of the code would be issuing delete, Inserts and/or updates unsynchronized with each other.

You could solve the problem by creating multiple temporary tables as a pool of tables. Each invocation of your program would have to allocate an unused temporary table,

mark it as ‘in use’ , use it and release it back to the pool when you through with it (for each Application Engine program you write).

20) How running AE program as Batch differs from running it online?

Application Engine programs are designed for two types of execution and each has its own pool of Temporary Tables

Online:

Invoked by CallAppEngine from People code

Run quickly, synchronously, and at random times.

Potential for simultaneous executions

Uses the online Temporary Table pool.

Not restart able.

Psae.exe randomly assigns an instance number from the number range on your online temp tables.

If the instance number is in use psae.exe puts the program in Queue until the assigned instance becomes free.

Unlock on completion, on Crash free from Manage Abends.

Batch:

Invoked through the Process Scheduler.

Run for longer amounts of time, asynchronously, and at scheduled times.

Can be designed for parallel execution for performance.

Uses the Batch/Dedicated Temporary table.

Restart able.

It allocates instance number based on the availability on a record by record basis and psae.exe begins with the lowest instance numbers.If the properties are set continue - Base table is used with Process instance as key.      

If Re-starable – Locked across Restarts until completes successfully.

If not Re-startable on Program completion.

21) What are the important steps for implementing the parallel processing?

Define you Temporary Tables.

Set the Temporary Tables Online pool.

Assign Temporary Tables to your Application Engine program in it program.

Set Temporary Table Batch Pool – Instance count in the AE.

Build / Rebuild your Temporary Table record.

Code %Table Meta – SQL as reference to Temporary Tables in your Application Engine program, so that Application Engine can table references to the assigned Temporary Table instance dynamically at runtime.

22) What happens when all the instance of the temporary table are in use?

It behavior can control by AE developer. If the runtime options are set to continue “People Tools will insert rows into the base table using the PROCESS_INSTANCE as a key”. If temp table doesn’t contain PROCESS_INSTANCE as a key field in a Temporary table, you should change the Temp table runtime options to “Abort” in the appropriate Application Engine programs.

23) How can you divide the data to be processed by different instance of the program to perform parallel program?

Run control parameters passed to each instance of the AE program enable it to identify which input rows “belong” to it, and each program instance inserts the rows from the source table into its assigned temporary table instance using %Table.

24) What are the 3 common ways to pass a trace parameter and value to your program psae.exe?

Configuration manager, Process Definition, Command prompt.

25) What is the main purpose of the Access property in the Section?

Basically they have two option, public and private if section declared as public then it be access from other program.Private we cannot call from other program.

26) Which actions are mutually exclusive and why they are mutually exclusive?

Sql and callsection.

27) Error handling or Exception handling in Application Engine ?

Step properties:-

On Error:-

Abort   – Write message to message log and terminate.

Ignore - Write message to message log and continue.

uppress – No message will be written, but program will continue.

People code Action: - On return options can used to handle run time errors.

Abort: - Exits immediately – Not recommended.

Break:- Exits the current step and section and control returns to the calling step.

Skip Step:- The program exits the current step, and continues processing at the next step in the section. If this is the last step in the section, the calling step resumes control of the processing.

SQL Action properties:-

No Rows:- When the Sql doesn’t return any rows, you can tell what application engine program should do.

Abort: - Program terminates

Section Break: - Application Engine exits the current section immediately, and control returns to the calling step.

Continue: - The program continues processing

Skip Step: - Application Engine exits the current step immediately and moves on to the next step. When using skip step keep the following in mind:

1) Application Engine ignores the commit for the current step at runtime

2) If the current step contains only one Action, only use skip step at by-pass the commit.

28) What are different types Do Select?

1)Select/Fetch

2)Reselect

3)Restart able

Select/Fetch: -

 Opens the cursor only at the first time and retrieve rows one at loop.

 Commits inside the step (commits in the Called Section) are ignored if AE is Restart enabled.

Reselect: -

It opens the cursor and closes the cursor on each iteration of the loop.

It will reselect the same row of data.   

Logic in Actions of the step should be such that it will be changing the status of the rows in the table the do select is selecting.

Commits are not ignored and will be committed in a reselect loop when the restart is enabled.

Restart able: - similar to select/Fetch but it WILL COMMIT inside the loop thus allowing the checkpoint to the PS_AERUNCONTROL table.

29)What is the maximum limitation on temporary tabel instances in AE.

     99

30) what is the difference between the %SELECT and %SELECTINIT meta sql functions.

Ans %select : if any values have not selected then previous value will be there

%selectinit : if any values have not selected then previous value will reinitilate to null

31) what is the difference between exit(0),exit(1) when we are using this functions in AE

      Exit (1) causes immediate termination of a PeopleCode program. Use this parameter to rollback database changes.

      Exit (0) caused immediate termination of a Peoplecode Program but don’t make rollback in the database.

Component Interface

Application Engine