Java and Networking Interview Questions

QUESTION: What is a JavaBean? (asked by Lifescan inc)

ANSWER: JavaBeans are reusable software components written in the Java programming language, designed to be manipulated visually by a software develpoment environment, like JBuilder or VisualAge for Java. They are similar to Microsoft’s ActiveX components, but designed to be platform-neutral, running anywhere there is a Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

QUESTION: What are the seven layers(OSI model) of networking? (asked by Caspio.com)

ANSWER: 1.Physical, 2.Data Link, 3.Network, 4.Transport, 5.Session, 6.Presentation and 7.Application Layers.

QUESTION: What are some advantages and disadvantages of Java Sockets? (asked by Arashsoft.com)

ANSWER:
Advantages of Java Sockets:

Sockets are flexible and sufficient. Efficient socket based programming can be easily implemented for general communications.

Sockets cause low network traffic. Unlike HTML forms and CGI scripts that generate and transfer whole web pages for each new request, Java applets can send only necessary updated information.

Disadvantages of Java Sockets:

Security restrictions are sometimes overbearing because a Java applet running in a Web browser is only able to establish connections to the machine where it came from, and to nowhere else on the network

Despite all of the useful and helpful Java features, Socket based communications allows only to send packets of raw data between applications. Both the client-side and server-side have to provide mechanisms to make the data useful in any way.

Since the data formats and protocols remain application specific, the re-use of socket based implementations is limited.

QUESTION: What is the difference between a NULL pointer and a void pointer? (asked by Lifescan inc)

ANSWER: A NULL pointer is a pointer of any type whose value is zero. A void pointer is a pointer to an object of an unknown type, and is guaranteed to have enough bits to hold a pointer to any object. A void pointer is not guaranteed to have enough bits to point to a function (though in general practice it does).

QUESTION: What is encapsulation technique? (asked by Microsoft)

ANSWER: Hiding data within the class and making it available only through the methods. This technique is used to protect your class against accidental changes to fields, which might leave the class in an inconsistent state.