INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

The 25 most difficult questions you'll be asked on a job interview
Being prepared is half the battle.

If you are one of those executive types unhappy at your present post and
embarking on a New Year's resolution to find a new one, here's a helping
hand. The job interview is considered to be the most critical aspect of
every expedition that brings you face-to- face with the future boss. One
must prepare for it with the same tenacity and quickness as one does for a
fencing tournament or a chess match.
This article has been excerpted from "PARTING COMPANY: How to Survive the
Loss of a Job and Find Another Successfully" by William J. Morin and James
C. Cabrera. Copyright by Drake Beam Morin, inc. Publised by Harcourt Brace
Jovanovich.
Morin is chairman and Cabrera is president of New York-based Drake Beam
Morin, nation's major outplacement firm, which has opened offices in Philadelphia.

1. Tell me about yourself.
Since this is often the opening question in an interview, be extracareful
that you don't run off at the mouth. Keep your answer to a minute or two at
most. Cover four topics: early years, education, work history, and recent
career experience. Emphasize this last subject. Remember that this is likely
to be a warm-up question. Don't waste your best points on it.

2. What do you know about our organization?
You should be able to discuss products or services, revenues, reputation,
image, goals, problems, management style, people, history and philosophy.
But don't act as if you know everything about the place. Let your answer
show that you have taken the time to do some research, but don't overwhelm
the interviewer, and make it clear that you wish to learn more.

You might start your answer in this manner: "In my job search, I've
investigated a number of companies.

Yours is one of the few that interests me, for these reasons..."

Give your answer a positive tone. Don't say, "Well, everyone tells me that
you're in all sorts of trouble, and that's why I'm here", even if that is
why you're there.

3. Why do you want to work for us?
The deadliest answer you can give is "Because I like people." What else
would you like-animals?

Here, and throughout the interview, a good answer comes from having done
your homework so that you can speak in terms of the company's needs. You
might say that your research has shown that the company is doing things you
would like to be involved with, and that it's doing them in ways that
greatly interest you. For example, if the organization is known for strong
management, your answer should mention that fact and show that you would
like to be a part of that team. If the company places a great deal of
emphasis on research and development, emphasize the fact that you want to
create new things and that you know this is a place in which such activity
is encouraged. If the organization stresses financial controls, your answer

should mention a reverence for numbers.

If you feel that you have to concoct an answer to this question - if, for
example, the company stresses research, and you feel that you should mention
it even though it really doesn't interest you- then you probably should not
be taking that interview, because you probably shouldn't be considering a
job with that organization.

Your homework should include learning enough about the company to avoid
approaching places where you wouldn't be able -or wouldn't want- to
function. Since most of us are poor liars, it's difficult to con anyone in
an interview. But even if you should succeed at it, your prize is a job you
don't really want.

4. What can you do for us that someone else can't?
Here you have every right, and perhaps an obligation, to toot your own horn
and be a bit egotistical. Talk about your record of getting things done, and
mention specifics from your resume or list of career accomplishments. Say
that your skills and interests, combined with this history of getting
results, make you valuable. Mention your ability to set priorities, identify
problems, and use your experience and energy to solve them.

5. What do you find most attractive about this position? What seems least
attractive about it?
List three or four attractive factors of the job, and mention a single,
minor, unattractive item.

6. Why should we hire you?
Create your answer by thinking in terms of your ability, your experience,
and your energy. (See question 4.)

7. What do you look for in a job?
Keep your answer oriented to opportunities at this organization. Talk about
your desire to perform and be recognized for your contributions. Make your
answer oriented toward opportunity rather than personal security.

8. Please give me your defintion of [the position for which you are being
interviewed].
Keep your answer brief and taskoriented. Think in in terms of
responsibilities and accountability. Make sure that you really do understand
what the position involves before you attempt an answer. If you are not
certain. ask the interviewer; he or she may answer the question for you.

9. How long would it take you to make a meaningful contribution to our firm?
Be realistic. Say that, while you would expect to meet pressing demands and
pull your own weight from the first day, it might take six months to a year
before you could expect to know the organization and its needs well enough
to make a major contribution.

10. How long would you stay with us?
Say that you are interested in a career with the organization, but admit
that you would have to continue to feel challenged to remain with any
organization. Think in terms of, "As long as we both feel
achievement-oriented."


11. Your resume suggests that you may be over-qualified or too experienced
for this position. What's Your opinion?
Emphasize your interest in establishing a long-term association with the
organization, and say that you assume that if you perform well in his job,
new opportunities will open up for you. Mention that a strong company needs
a strong staff. Observe that experienced executives are always at a premium.
Suggest that since you are so wellqualified, the employer will get a fast
return on his investment. Say that a growing, energetic company can never
have too much talent.

12. What is your management style?
You should know enough about the company's style to know that your
management style will complement it. Possible styles include: task oriented
(I'll enjoy problem-solving identifying what's wrong, choosing a solution
and implementing it"), results-oriented ("Every management decision I make
is determined by how it will affect the bottom line"), or even paternalistic
("I'm committed to taking care of my subordinates and pointing them in the
right direction").

A participative style is currently quite popular: an open-door method of
managing in which you get things done by motivating people and delegating
responsibility.

As you consider this question, think about whether your style will let you
work hatppily and effectively within the organization.

13. Are you a good manager? Can you give me some examples? Do you feel that
you have top managerial potential?
Keep your answer achievementand ask-oriented. Rely on examples from your
career to buttress your argument. Stress your experience and your energy.

14. What do you look for when You hire people?
Think in terms of skills. initiative, and the adaptability to be able to
work comfortably and effectively with others. Mention that you like to hire
people who appear capable of moving up in the organization.

15. Have you ever had to fire people? What were the reasons, and how did you
handle the situation?
Admit that the situation was not easy, but say that it worked out well, both
for the company and, you think, for the individual. Show that, like anyone
else, you don't enjoy unpleasant tasks but that you can resolve them
efficiently and -in the case of firing someone- humanely.

16. What do you think is the most difficult thing about being a manager or
executive?
Mention planning, execution, and cost-control. The most difficult task is to
motivate and manage employess to get something planned and completed on time
and within the budget.

17. What important trends do you see in our industry?
Be prepared with two or three trends that illustrate how well you understand
your industry. You might consider technological challenges or opportunities,
economic conditions, or even regulatory demands as you collect your thoughts
about the direction in which your business is heading.

18. Why are you leaving (did you leave) your present (last) job?
Be brief, to the point, and as honest as you can without hurting yourself.
Refer back to the planning phase of your job search. where you considered
this topic as you set your reference statements. If you were laid off in an
across-the-board cutback, say so; otherwise, indicate that the move was your
decision, the result of your action. Do not mention personality conflicts.

The interviewer may spend some time probing you on this issue, particularly
if it is clear that you were terminated. The "We agreed to disagree"
approach may be useful. Remember hat your references are likely to be
checked, so don't concoct a story for an interview.

19. How do you feel about leaving all your benefits to find a new job?
Mention that you are concerned, naturally, but not panicked. You are willing
to accept some risk to find the right job for yourself. Don't suggest that
security might interest you more than getting the job done successfully.

20. In your current (last) position, what features do (did) you like the
most? The least?
Be careful and be positive. Describe more features that you liked than
disliked. Don't cite personality problems. If you make your last job sound
terrible, an interviewer may wonder why you remained there until now.

21. What do you think of your boss?
Be as positive as you can. A potential boss is likely to wonder if you might
talk about him in similar terms at some point in the future.

22. Why aren't you earning more at your age?
Say that this is one reason that you are conducting this job search. Don't
be defensive.

23. What do you feel this position should pay?
Salary is a delicate topic. We suggest that you defer tying yourself to a
precise figure for as long as you can do so politely. You might say, "I
understand that the range for this job is between $______ and $______. That
seems appropriate for the job as I understand it." You might answer the
question with a question: "Perhaps you can help me on this one. Can you tell
me if there is a range for similar jobs in the organization?"

If you are asked the question during an initial screening interview, you
might say that you feel you need to know more about the position's
responsibilities before you could give a meaningful answer to that question.
Here, too, either by asking the interviewer or search executive (if one is
involved), or in research done as part of your homework, you can try to find
out whether there is a salary grade attached to the job. If there is, and if
you can live with it, say that the range seems right to you.

If the interviewer continues to probe, you might say, "You know that I'm
making $______ now. Like everyone else, I'd like to improve on that figure,
but my major interest is with the job itself." Remember that the act of
taking a new job does not, in and of itself, make you worth more money.

If a search firm is involved, your contact there may be able to help with
the salary question. He or she may even be able to run interference for you.
If, for instance, he tells you what the position pays, and you tell him that
you are earning that amount now and would Like to do a bit better, he might
go back to the employer and propose that you be offered an additional 10%.

If no price range is attached to the job, and the interviewer continues to
press the subject, then you will have to restpond with a number. You cannot
leave the impression that it does not really matter, that you'll accept
whatever is offered. If you've been making $80,000 a year, you can't say
that a $35,000 figure would be fine without sounding as if you've given up
on yourself. (If you are making a radical career change, however, this kind
of disparity may be more reasonable and understandable.)

Don't sell yourself short, but continue to stress the fact that the job
itself is the most important thing in your mind. The interviewer may be
trying to determine just how much you want the job. Don't leave the
impression that money is the only thing that is important to you. Link
questions of salary to the work itself.

But whenever possible, say as little as you can about salary until you reach
the "final" stage of the interview process. At that point, you know that the
company is genuinely interested in you and that it is likely to be flexible
in salary negotiations.

24. What are your long-range goals?
Refer back to the planning phase of your job search. Don't answer, "I want
the job you've advertised." Relate your goals to the company you are
interviewing: 'in a firm like yours, I would like to..."

25. How successful do you you've been so far?
Say that, all-in-all, you're happy with the way your career has progressed
so far. Given the normal ups and downs of life, you feel that you've done
quite well and have no complaints.

Present a positive and confident picture of yourself, but don't overstate
your case. An answer like, "Everything's wonderful! I can't think of a time
when things were going better! I'm overjoyed!" is likely to make an
interviewer wonder whether you're trying to fool him . . . or yourself. The
most convincing confidence is usually quiet confidence.