Online Papers

Home          Curriculum Vitae          Books          Teaching & Reading Groups

 Former Doctoral Students                   Saint Louis University Department Webpage

* = All online papers are (or soon will be) available in published form, but some of the online papers are given here only in manuscript form, rather than in published form.  Please do not cite manuscripts as "on-site PDF's".  Please use the appropriate bibliographic information of the published versions.

Selections from Wandering in Darkness (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010)

Chapter 4: "Narrative and the Knowledge of Persons," from Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming). [On-Site PDF*]

Chapter 5: "The Medieval World: The Nature of Love," from Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming). [On-Site PDF*]


Selections from Wandering in Darkness in Chinese:

Chapter 5 of Wandering in Darkness in Chinese: 中文翻译第五章请点击这里

Chapter 13: "Theodicy in Another World" from Wandering in Darkness in Chinese: 中文翻译第13章请点击这里



Selections from Aquinas

Chapter 9: "Freedom: Action, Intellect, and Will", from Aquinas, (London and New York: Routledge, 2003). [On-site PDF*]

Chapter 10: "A Representative Moral Virtue: Justice", from Aquinas (London and New York: Routledge, 2003). [On-site PDF*]


 Selected Articles

Medieval Philosophy

"Roger Swineshead's Theory of Obligations", Medioevo 7 (1981), pp. 135-174. [On-Site PDF*]

"The Logic of Disputation in Walter Burley's Treatise on Obligations", Synthese 63 (1985) pp. 355-374. [On-Site PDF*]

"Augustine on Free Will", in The Cambridge Companion to Augustine, Norman Kretzmann and Eleonore Stump (eds.), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 124-147. [On-site PDF*]

"Resurrection, Reassembly, and Reconstitution: Aquinas on the Soul," in Die menschliche Seele: Brauchen wir den Dualismus? Bruno Niederberger and Edmund Runggaldier (eds.), (Ontos Verlag, 2006). [On-site PDF*]


Philosophy of Religion (incl. work on Eternity)

"Eternity" (with Norman Kretzmann), Journal of Philosophy 78 (1981) pp. 429-458. [On-site PDF*] [JSTOR]

"Dante's Hell, Aquinas's Theory of Morality, and the Love of God", The Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (1986) pp. 181-198. [On-site PDF*]

"Prophecy, Past Truth, and Eternity" (with Norman Kretzmann), James Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives, 5 (1991) pp. 395-424. [On-site PDF*] [JSTOR]

"Eternity, Awareness, and Action" (with Norman Kretzmann), Faith and Philosophy, 9 (1992), pp. 463-482. [On-Site PDF*]

An Objection to Swinburne’s Argument for Dualism”, (with Norman Kretzmann), Faith and Philosophy 13 (1996) 405-412. [On-Site PDF* - includes Swinburne's response]

"Saadia Gaon on the Problem of Evil", Faith and Philosophy, 14 (1997), pp. 523-549. [On-Site PDF*]


Free Will Metaphysics

"Sanctification, Hardening of the Heart, and Frankfurt's Concept of Free Will", Journal of Philosophy 85 (1988) pp. 395-420. [JSTOR]

“Persons: Identification and Freedom”, Philosophical Topics 24 (1996), pp. 183-214. [On-Site PDF*]

"Libertarian Freedom and the Principle of Alternative Possibilities”, in Faith, Freedom, and Rationality: Philosophy of Religion Today, Daniel Howard-Snyder and Jeff Jordan (eds.), (Rowman and Littlefield, 1996) pp. 73-88. [On-Site PDF*]

"Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility: The Flicker of Freedom", The Journal of Ethics, 3 (1999) pp. 299-324. [On-site PDF*]

"The Direct Argument for Incompatibilism", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (2000) pp. 459-466.[JSTOR]

"Transfer Principles and Moral Responsibility" (with John Martin Fischer), Philosophical Perspectives, 14 (2000) pp. 47-55. [On-Site PDF*]

“Moral Responsibility without Alternative Possibilities,” in Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities: Essays on the Importance of Alternative Possibilities, Michael McKenna and David Widerker (eds.), (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Press, 2003), pp.139-158. [On-Site PDF*]



"The Mirror of Evil", in God and the Philosophers, Thomas Morris (ed.), (Oxford University Press, 1994) pp. 235-247. [On-site PDF*]

"Orthodoxy and Heresy", Faith and Philosophy 16 (1999) pp. 487-503. [On-Site PDF*]

"Personal Relations and Moral Residue," in History of the Human Sciences: Theorizing from the Holocaust: What is to be Learned?, Paul Roth & Mark S. Peacock (eds.), Vol., 17 No 2/3 (August 2004), pp. 33-57. [On-site PDF*]

"Beauty as a Road to God", Sacred Music, Winter 2007 (134.4), pp. 11-24. [On-site PDF*]