Phase2 is dedicated to the advancement and adoption of science- and ethics-based (strong) sustainability through leadership and engagement.

Global change drivers

Our 2009 publication Strong Sustainability for New Zealand: Principles and Scenarios referred to major global change drivers. To keep this information current and accessible for busy people who would not normally read detailed academic articles, we are making available summaries of these drivers.

Sustainability events in New Zealand

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Recently recommended books

Wilkinson, Richard and Pickett, Kate  The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better 
Meadows, D.H. Thinking In Systems: A Primer by D H Meadows 
Hamilton, C. Requiem for a Species 
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Recent list items

Dr John Peet  Time to defy the worship of growth 
Dr Robert Howell FAQs/Briefings on Major Environmental Issues 
Showing 2 items from page Papers and presentations (6) sorted by create time, create time. View more »

Strong sustainability defined

Strong Sustainability for New Zealand: principles and scenarios (Nakedize, 2009) is the booklet version of our seminal 2009 paper on what strong sustainability is and how it might be applied in a New Zealand context. 

The material was developed by phase2 as part of New Zealand's contribution to the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.

Click here to order the booklet or download a PDF.


The long term solution to the financial crisis is therefore to move beyond the "growth at all costs" economic model to a model that recognizes the real costs and benefits of growth. We can break our addiction to fossil fuels, over-consumption, and the current economic model and create a more sustainable and desirable future that focuses on quality of life rather than merely quantity of consumption. It will not be easy; it will require a new vision, new measures, and new institutions. It will require a redesign of our entire society. But it is not a sacrifice of quality of life to break this addiction. Quite the contrary, it is a sacrifice not to.
Robert Costanza, director of the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont