Medical History and Physical Exam

If you have any signs or symptoms that suggest you might have thyroid cancer, your doctor will want to get your complete medical history. You will be asked questions about your possible risk factors, symptoms, and any other health problems or concerns. If someone in your family has had thyroid cancer or certain kinds of tumors (called pheochromocytomas), tell your doctor, as you might be at high risk for this disease.

During the physical exam, your doctor will pay special attention to the size and firmness of your thyroid and any enlarged lymph nodes in your neck.