Personality and Emotion Research Laboratory

When I was in the Psychology Department at California State University, Fullerton, I started the Personality and Emotion Research Laboratory (PERL).  Several students (designated with an "*") were involved in presentations at professional conferences:
Even after I left California and students went on to doctoral programs, I kept collaborating with students from the lab.
Here's what's happening with the lab since I've moved back to Illinois and started at Rosalind Franklin in the Fall of 2013 (more info coming soon):
Midwestern Psychological Association - 2015
  • Bragg, S. R., Drandorff, L. N., Klappa, S. P., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - May 2, 2015). State-Trait Inventory for Cognitive and Somatic Anxiety (STICSA):  Stability over time? Poster to be presented at the 87th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.  Chicago, Illinois.
  • Drandorff, L. N., Klappa, S. P., Bragg, S. R., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - May 2, 2015). Stability of Physiological Hyperarousal for Adults - Trait Scale (PHA-T). Poster to be presented at the 87th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.  Chicago, Illinois.
  • Klappa, S. P., Bragg, S. R., Drandorff, L. N., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - May 2, 2015). Evaluating factorial invariance of the Physiological Hyperarousal for Adults Trait (PHA-T) scale. Poster to be presented at the 87th Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association.  Chicago, Illinois.
Association for Psychological Science - 2015
  • Azimuddin, A., Klappa, S. P., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - 2015).  Hope and hopelessness: Two peas from separate pods.  Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
  • Bragg, S. P., Klappa, S. P., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - 2015). Optimism and pessimism: The relationship of two constructs across cultures.  Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
  • Drandorff, L. N., Klappa, S. P., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - 2015).  Support for a bifactor model of hopelessness and its relation to pessimism.  Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
  • Fowler, D., Weber, E., Klappa, S. P., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - 2015).  Replicating and expanding investigations of the structure of the constructs of hope and optimism using an MTurk sample.  Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
  • Klappa, S. P., Catanzaro, S. J., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - 2015).  Both interpersonal traits and previous interpersonal behavior predict subsequent behavior – sometimes.   Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
Additionally, Steve and colleagues outside the lab will be presenting the following posters at APS:
  • Longley, S. L., Miller, S. A., et al. (to be presented - 2015). A taxometric investigation of body dysmorphic disorder in college students. Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
  • Ram, D., & Miller, S. A. (to be presented - 2015). Re-evaluating the factor structure of the State Adult Attachment Measure: Less than it seems?  Poster to be presented at the 27th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.
And here are some pictures of the lab and surrounding areas.

 Looking into the lab A view out the lab window Another view in the lab
 


 

 



Here are pictures of the people who have worked in the lab at Rosalind Franklin with a description of their interests.

Personnel



 
    

Scott Klappa is a second year Clinical Counseling Masters student at RFUMS. He earned his B.A. in Psychology from Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota, Winona. His areas of interest include self-regulative mechanisms, personality traits, and motivation factors operating between the individual and groups. Scott's current research looks at personality and the influence of emotion on decision-making. Clinically, he is currently at a practicum placement working with clients with severe, persistent mental illness. Scott has been published in The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society on research he has done on professional identity, resilience, and hardiness of foreign-trained physical therapists.  Scott started working in the lab in fall of 2013.
 

 
Sarah Bragg started volunteering in the lab in June of 2014.  She graduated with her B.S. in Psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in May. Her areas of interest include emotion and personality factors contributing to the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders, as well as the creation of effective therapies for culturally diverse clients.  Her CV may be found here.


 
Lauren Drandorff is a first year Clinical Psychology Ph.D. student at working in the lab. She earned her B.S. in Psychology from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and her M.S. in Rehabilitation Counseling from Illinois Institute of Technology, specializing in Psychiatric Rehabilitation and Assistive Technology. Lauren has previously worked as a Research Assistant in Dr. Barbara Fredrickson’s Positive Emotions and Psychophysiology Laboratory and in Dr. Jonathon Larson’s Psychiatric Rehabilitation Laboratory. Clinically, she has worked with a variety of clients within the private practice and nonprofit realm, with a focus on veterans and individuals with anxiety disorders. Lauren has been published in the Journal of Neurotherapy and Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation on research she has done related to burnout, client adherence, and quality of work life, as well as Individual Placement and Support and serious mental illness. Lauren has also presented training workshops on Motivational Interviewing and how practitioners can implement this therapeutic technique when working with clients who are ambivalent to change. Her areas of interest include anxiety disorders, personality disorders and traits, individual differences, quantitative psychology, positive psychology, burnout, client adherence, emotions and emotion-related experiences, and psychiatric rehabilitation.  Lauren started working in the lab in fall of 2014.
 


Aysha Azimuddin is a first year Clinical Counseling Masters student.  She earned her B.S. in Psycholgy from Loyola University Chicago, where she worked in Dr. Victor Ottati's 
research lab on the cognition behind political views and stereotypes. Her research interests include the cultural influences on personality, emotion, and therapy approaches. Aysha started working in the lab in winter of 2014.

 


Emily Weber is a second year Clinical Psychology Ph.D. student working in the lab.  She earned her B.A. in Psychology from Lake Forest College in Lake Forest, IL. Her research interests include stress and coping strategies, personality disorders, interpersonal violence, and resilience.  She is currently working on completing her thesis on the predictive utility of life stress and coping strategies in a domestic violence offender population.  Clinically, she has worked with an offender population and is currently working with PTSD veterans who suffer from moral injury.  In the future, she hopes to explore her interests working with a forensic population.  This past summer, she presented her findings from a methods study at the International Family Violence and Child Victimization Conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.  She collaborated with another RFUMS student to conduct a study that explored the error rates involved in making typology classification in a probation sample of male perpetrators.  Emily started working in the lab in winter of 2014.
 


Drew Fowler is a fourth 
year student in the Clinical Psychology Ph.D. program. Drew received his Bachelor's degree in Psychology, with a minor in Quantitative Psychology from the University of Kansas. Drew's areas of interests include: power, aggression, family violence, personality, interpersonal relationships, and issues related to gay and lesbian populations. Drew has worked with a variety of clinical populations and settings, including: domestic violence perpetrators, veterans with severe mental illnesses, at-risk youth, children and adolescents, families, low SES community populations, and individuals suffering from chronic and/or severe medical illnesses. In July 2014, Drew presented on a panel at the International Family Violence and Child Victimization Conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire on findings from his thesis. His thesis focused on the relationship between exposure to violence in family of origin and subsequent domestic violence perpetration and perpetrator typology classification. Drew is currently strengthening his knowledge and research in interpersonal theory and positive psychology, and is in the process of preparing his dissertation.  He started working in the lab in winter of 2014.
 

Tucker is no ordinary lab animal (actually, he's never been IN the lab).  However, he's helped us out with our models.  There's debate as to whether his name comes from his ear often being tucked down or is in honor of Ledyard R Tucker.  The Tucker-Lewis Index (aka, the Non-Normed Fit Index) is:

χ2/df(Null Model) - χ2/df(Proposed Model)

_________________________________

χ2/df(Null Model) - 1




This could be you!  I am looking for individuals interested in pursuing graduate training in clinical psychology at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science to be Research Assistants in the Personality and Emotion Research Laboratory staring in the Fall of 2015.  Knowledge of contemporary personality and emotion theory and research, statistics, and/or computer programming is helpful.  If you're interested, please contact me.
  

DePaul Grant

We're submitting a grant with Philip Gnilka at DePaul University in Fall of 2015.  More information about the grant will be appearing here shortly.  Here's a page with some references and some useful information.

Some Other Useful Theory Readings

  • Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316-336. (pdf)
  • Fleeson, W., Malanos, A., & Achille, N. (2002). An intra-individual, process approach to the relationship between extraversion and positive affect: Is acting extraverted as “good” as being extraverted? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1409-1422. (pdf)
  • Insel, T.Cuthbert, B.Garvey, M.Heinssen, R.Pine D.S.Quinn, KSanislow, C, & Wang, P. (2010). Research domain criteria (RDoC): toward a new classification framework for research on mental disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry167(7), 748-751. (pdf) 
  • Joiner, TE., Steer, RA., Beck, AT., Schmidt, NB., Rudd, MD., & Catanzaro, SJ. (1999). Physiological hyperarousal: Construct validity of a central aspect of a tripartite model of depression and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 290-298. (pdf)
  • Kirsch, I. (1978). The placebo effect and the cognitive-behavioral revolution. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 2, 255-264. (pdf)
  • Mearns, J. (2009). Social learning theory. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of human relationships (vol. 3) (pp. 1537-1540). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (pdf
  • Ng, W., & Diener, E. (2009). Personality differences in emotions does emotion regulation play a role? Journal of Individual Differences, 30, 100-106. (pdf)
  • Reiss, S. (1991). Expectancy models of fear, anxiety, and panic. Clinical Psychology Review, 11, 141-153. (pdf)
  • Reiss, S., & McNally, R. J. (1985). The expectancy model of fear. In S. Reiss & R. R. Bootzin (Eds.). Theoretical issues in behavior therapy. (pp. 107-121). New York: Academic Press. (pdf). 
  • Revelle, W., & Scherer, K. R. (2009). Personality and emotion. In D. Sanders & K. Schere (Eds.)., Handbook of personality and affective science (pp. 304-305). New York:  Oxford University Press. (Revelle's preprint; Miller's scan of the book)
  • Smillie, L. D., Cooper, A., Wilt, J., & Revelle, W. (2012). Do extraverts get more bang for the buck? refining the affective-reactivity hypothesis of extraversion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(2), 306-326. (pdf)
  • Smillie, L.D., Geaney, J., Wilt, J., Cooper, A.J., Revelle, W. (in press) Aspects of extraversion are unrelated to pleasant affective reactivity: Further examination of the affective reactivity hypothesis. Journal of Research in Personality. (pdf)
  • Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states.Psychological Bulletin, 96(3), 465-490. (pdf)
  • Watson, D. (2002). Positive affectivity: The disposition to experience pleasurable emotional states. In . C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), The handbook of positive psychology. (pp. 77-114). New York: Oxford University Press. (pdf)
  • Watson, D.  (2009).  Differentiating the mood and anxiety disorders:  A quadripartite model.  Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 221-247. (pdf)
  • Zelenski, J. M., Santoro, M. S., & Whelan, D. C. (2012). Would introverts be better off if they acted more like extraverts? Exploring emotional and cognitive consequences of counter-dispositional behavior. Emotion, 12(2), 290-303. (pdf)
With Bill Revelle at the Association for Psychological Science (APS) convention in Washington, D.C., in 2011.  Bill does great work on personality and emotion. With Sam Catanzaro and Jeff Laurent, two researchers of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression and of negative mood regulation expectancies.  They (and Leonard Schmaltz) were my master's thesis committee.Yes, that is Albert Bandura's bobo doll.  Dan Kruger is in the upper left.
 






Some Readings on Measures We Commonly Use

  • Bryant, F. B. (2003). Savoring Beliefs Inventory (SBI): A scale for measuring beliefs about savoring. Journal of Mental Health, 12(2), 175-196. (pdf) 
  • Carver, C. S., & White, T. L. (1994). Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 319-333. (pdf)
  • Catanzaro, S. J., & Mearns, J. (1990). Measuring generalized expectancies for negative mood regulation: Initial scale development and implications. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54, 546-563. (pdf)
  • Grös, D. F., Antony, A. A., Simms, L. J., & McCabe, R. E. (2007). Psychometric properties of the state-trait inventory for cognitive and somatic anxiety (STICSA): Comparison to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Psychological Assessment, 19(4), 369-381. (pdf) (doc)
  • John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 102-138). New York: Guilford. (pdf
  • Peterson, R. A., & Reiss, S. (1987). Test manual for the Anxiety Sensitivity Index. Orland Park, IL: International Diagnostic Systems. (link
  • Reiss, S., Peterson, R. A., Gursky, D. M., & McNally, R. J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity, anxiety frequency, and the prediction of fearfulness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24, 1 - 8. (pdf)
  • Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of Positive and Negative Affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54,1063-1070. (pdf) (doc) (SPSS scoring)
  • Watson, D., Weber, K., Assenheimer, J. S., Clark, L. A., Strauss, M. E., & McCormick, R. A. (1995). Testing a tripartite model: I. Evaluating the convergent and discriminant validity of anxiety and depression symptom scales. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 3-14. (pdf)
  • Watson, D., Clark, L. A., Weber, K., Assenheimer, J. S., Strauss, M. E., & McCormick, R. A. (1995). Testing a tripartite model: II. Exploring the symptom structure of anxiety and depression in student, adult, and patient samples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 15-25. (pdf)
  • Watson, D., O'Hara, M. W., Simms, L. J., Kotov, R., Chmielweski, M. McDade-Montez, E., Gamez, W., & Stuart, S. (2007). Development and validation of the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS). Psychological Assessment, 19, 253-268. (pdf)
  • Watson, D., O'Hara, M. W., Chmielewski, M., McDade-Montez, E. A., Koffel, E., Naragon, K., & Stuart, S. (2008). Further validation of the IDAS:  Evidence of convergent, discriminant, criterion, and incremental validity. Psychological Assessment, 20, 248-259. (pdf)
  • Physiological Hyperarousal - Trait Form (PHAT) available here. (doc)
  • Some syntax for a project on which we're currently working.

Statistical Articles for the Lab 

 A colleague of mine went to a conference and saw this.  He said he had to get it for me. I taught a course in Structural Equation Modeling while I was in California.  Many students from that class went on to become quantitative psychologists.  Several students from that course and my lab went to APS with me in 2008 and gave me this shirt.I didn't write this book.  In fact, the first edition was written before I was born.  The publisher found me online and contacted me to see if I wanted to write a third edition. I should have kept my mouth shut and not told her that I was a different "Steve Miller."
 

 

 


In addition to research on personality and emotion research, we also address some statistical and methodological issues.  Here's a couple papers useful to the first project I'd like to work on in the fall.
  • Bandalos, D. L., & Gagné, P. (2012). Simulation methods in structural equation modeling. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of structural equation modeling (pp. 92-110). New York: The Guilford Press. (pdf)
  • Bauer, D. J., Sterba, S. K., & Hallfors, D. (2008). Evaluating group-based interventions when control participants are ungrouped. Multivariate Behavioral Research43, 210-246. (pdf)
  • Fai, A. H. T., & Cornelius, P. C. (1996). Approximate F-tests for multiple degree of freedom hypotheses in generalized least squares analysis of unbalanced split-plot experiments. Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation, 54, 363-378. (pdf)
  • Hallgren, K. A. (2013). Conducting simulation studies in the R programming environment. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 9(2), 43-60. (pdf)
  • Johnson, P. E. (2013). Monte Carlo analysis in academic research. In T. D. Little (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods (pp. 454-479). New York: Oxford University Press. (pdf)
  • Kenward, M. G., & Roger, J. H. (1997). Small sample inference for fixed effects from restricted maximum likelihood. Biometrics, 53, 983-997. (pdf)
  • Mooney, C. Z. (1997). Monte Carlo simulation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (pdf)
  • Muthén, L.K. and Muthén, B.O. (2002).   How to use a Monte Carlo to decide on sample size and determine power. Structural Equation Modeling, 4, 599-620. (pdf)
  • Paxton, P., Curran, P. J., Bollen, K. A., Kirby, J., & Chen, F. (2001). Monte carlo experiments: Design and implementation.  Structural Equation Modeling, 8(2), 287-312. (pdf)
  • Schaalje, G. B., McBride, J. J., & Fellingham, G. W. (2002). Adequacy of approximation to distributions of test statistics in complex mixed linear models. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics, 7, 512-524. (pdf)
  • Skrondal, A. (2000). Design and analysis of Monte Carlo experiments: Attacking the conventional wisdom. Multivariate Behavioral Research 35, 137-167. (pdf)

Recently, going to grad school has received a bad rap from a few sources.  For more about what it will be like (and because the lab sometimes deals with expectancy about emotion), click here.  Also, here's an interesting piece on the rejection that comes with academia (and why it's not necessarily a bad thing)

In the near future, I anticipate submitting a grant and the space here includes material for that submission.
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