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Background

Modern military operations are conducted in a complex, multidimensional, highly dynamic and disruptive environment usually with unanticipated partners and irregular adversaries. In today’s scenarios military commanders operate under the strong pressure of time. The time to obtain an accurate assessment of the situation and to assess potential courses of action and to make decision by commanders is becoming shorter and shorter. It needs to draw upon all possible sources to ensure that the most complete and relevant picture can be created of the situation almost in real-time mode, and the implications of different decisions understood.


The response to these challenges is to introduce the concept of Internet of Things (IoT) into the military domain. The Internet of Things is extensively developed world-wide with a focus on civilian applications. IoT is a paradigm that considers pervasive presence in the environment of a variety of smart things/objects. By means of wireless and wired connections and unique addressing schemes they are able to interact and cooperate with each other to create new applications/services in order to reach common goals. Objects/things make themselves recognizable and can obtain intelligence by making context related decisions thanks to the fact that things can share information that has been aggregated by other objects. Furthermore, they can be components of complex services. However, the integration of heterogeneous sensors and systems diverse in technology, environmental constraints and level of fidelity is a challenging issue not only for the military organizations.


Modern military equipment is expected to be increasingly armed with processing and communication abilities, which can be employed to inspect or modify the status of the equipment. To some extent, these pieces of equipment could be regarded as sensors or actuators and integrated into the rest of the military information infrastructure. Physical and virtual military things have identities, physical attributes and virtual personalities and use intelligent interfaces, and should be seamlessly integrated into the military information network. In order to accomplish full integration, the relevant security mechanisms, protocol adaptions and scalability properties must be provided. The possible outcome of this integration is a wider set of sensor information for use in situation awareness applications, medical information applications, transport and logistics applications, etc. In military environment, IoT has the potential to connect all kinds of forces and weapon platforms in the whole battlefield to form one information network, which will promote information real-time sharing, shorten the decision-making and command time, and increase joint operation efficiency. Potential areas of military application of the IoT include:

(1)    Logistics - command and control of combined operations logistics support;

(2)   Situational Awareness – building on the tactical level of a battlefield (from global, to company, platoon and squad commanders down to single soldiers level) including monitoring, sensing, threat identification (e.g. sniper), target positioning, marking, vehicles and soldiers status monitoring, environmental monitoring (environment conditions);

(3)    Medical Care - battlefield health monitoring, patients monitoring, etc.


Scope of the special session

The special session solicits presentations of current implementation efforts, research results as well as position papers from industry and academia regarding military applications of IoT. The particular focus is on logistic, situational awareness and medical care, as well as security aspects.


Format

The session would take ca. 3 hours and include presentation of 6 to 8 papers as well as discussion of specific challenges encountered in military applications of IoT.


Organizers

Prof. Marek Amanowicz (Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland) 

Dr. Zbigniew Zielinski (Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland) 

Dr Peter Lenk, (NATO Communications and Information Agency, The Hague, The Netherlands) 

Dr. Ing. Konrad Wrona (NATO Communications and Information Agency, The Hague, The Netherlands) 


Important Dates

 Paper submission deadline: 31 August 2015
 Acceptance Notification: 15 September 2015
 Camera Ready: 31 October 2015