Global Marshall Plan

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that a Global Marshall
Plan holds the potential to demonstrate the commitment of the United
States to peace and prosperity.IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
APRIL 3, 2008
Mr. ELLISON (for himself, Mr. MORAN of Virginia, and Mr. CLEAVER) submitted the following
resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs
Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that a Global Marshall
Plan holds the potential to demonstrate the commitment of the United
States to peace and prosperity.
Whereas, after World War II, the United States established a program to
provide for the reconstruction of Europe, named after General George C.
Marshall and commonly referred to as the “Marshall Plan”, which has
been hailed by leaders of World War II allied and enemy countries as the
most magnanimous act by the United States in history;
Whereas by providing assistance to Europe through the Marshall Plan, the
United States recognized the direct link between economic growth and
political stability, thereby investing resources into economic development
and assistance;
Whereas the Marshall Plan made possible new measures of international
cooperation through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other
institutions that have enhanced the security, freedom, and prosperity of
the United States and the world;
Whereas the United States has established foreign assistance programs, as
described in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, with a goal of the
“encouragement and sustained support of the people of developing
countries in their efforts to acquire the knowledge and resources essential
to development and to build the economic, political, and social
institutions which will improve the quality of their lives”;
Whereas annual United States appropriations for foreign development
assistance in its many forms, whether considered as a proportion of the
Federal budget or as a proportion of gross domestic product, never again
have reached the levels seen during the first years of the Marshall Plan;
Whereas more than 1,000,000,000 people worldwide live on less than $1 per
day, and another 1,600,000,000 people struggle to survive on less than $2
per day, according to the World Bank;
Whereas at the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, the United States
joined more than 180 other countries in committing to work toward the
United Nations Millennium Development Goals to improve life for the
world's poorest people by 2015;
Whereas the United Nations Millennium Development Goals include the goal
of reducing by one-half the proportion of people worldwide, between
1990 and 2015, who live on less than $1 per day, cutting in half the
proportion of people suffering from hunger and unable to access safe
drinking water and sanitation, reducing by two-thirds child mortality,
ensuring basic education for all children, and reversing the spread of
HIV/AIDS and malaria, while sustaining the environment upon which
human life depends;
Whereas United States citizens and nongovernmental organizations have
proposed a new Global Marshall Plan, including—
(1) providing enough funding to eliminate global poverty,
homelessness, hunger, inadequate education, and health care, plus
restoring the global environment;
(2) creating international nongovernmental mechanisms for receiving
funds contributed through foreign aid and alternative sources of financing,
and for distributing such funds in a way that is environmentally sensitive,
respectful of native cultures, safeguarded against corruption, protected
from manipulation to serve elite interests, and empowering of the people
in each region;
(3) revising existing trade and other agreements in which the United
States is currently involved so that such agreements favor improving the
lives of the poor of the world; and approaching future agreements with
like intent;
(4) creating a greatly expanded Peace and Justice Corps of the
United States that would provide ways for people with useful skills to
volunteer two years at any age toward the goals of the Global Marshall
(5) providing training to foreign militaries to become experts in
ecologically sensitive construction of those aspects of their own societies
that need relief and reconstruction, including agriculture, health care,
housing, infrastructure, education, computers, and other appropriate
technology; and
(6) providing training to children and adults worldwide in techniques
of nonviolent communication, diversity, environmental sustainability,
family and parental support, stress reduction, emergency health
techniques, diet and exercise, and caring for others who are in need of
help; and
Whereas the attacks against the United States that occurred on September 11, 2001, and the subsequent global war on terrorism, have enhanced United
States strategic concern for the economic and political future of countries
worldwide: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That it is the sense of the United States House of
Representatives that—
(1) the elimination of poverty and hunger, assurance of basic health
and education for all, and resolution of environmental crises remain key
foreign policy goals for the United States;
(2) a Global Marshall Plan holds potentially transformative power of
a reinvigorated, comprehensive approach to foreign development
assistance that would demonstrate the commitment of the United States to
peace and prosperity to people who may have doubted the dedication of
the United States to those ideals; and
(3) a Global Marshall Plan must operate within the ethical framework
of generosity and magnanimity, not merely of instrumentality, and to be
successful and must be perceived as more than a new attempt to extend
influence into the world.