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300 Battle of Thermopylae

The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between an alliance of Greek city states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second persian Invasion of Greece.It took place simultaneously with the naval battle at Artemisium, in August or September 480 BC, at the narrow coastal pass of Thermopylae ('The Hot Gates'). The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece, which had been ended by the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.
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