Left: LiDAR image of a Class 7 style homestead in the Suikerbosrand hills. Centre: the distribution of ash heaps shows the extent of SKBR  in the western foothills of Suikerbosrand. Right: an oblique photo of a Type N homestead in the Suikerbosrand hills.

The aim of the Southern Gauteng Stone-Walled Structures (SGSWS) project is to shed light on the social, economic and political organization of the inhabitants of the landscape between the Witwatersrand ridge and the River Vaal before the arrival of the first European settlers. Since 2010 Google Earth satellite imagery of the entire southern half of Gauteng Province in South Africa, from the southern edge of Johannesburg to the River Vaal, has been closely examined and around 5,000 pre-colonial stone-walled ruins have been flagged and classified in the 9,000 sq km study area. All the ruins date to the past 500 years. The progress of the project, funded by the South African National Research Foundation and the University of the Witwatersrand, is reported on this website.


  • Public Lecture at the Africa Studies Centre, University of Leiden Karim Sadr's lecture on Kweneng at the ASC , Leiden, was filmed and can be seen here.
    Posted Mar 15, 2019, 2:06 AM by Karim Sadr
  • Radio 702 Interview on the Azania Mosaka show Recently Karim Sadr was interviewed on Radio 702 by Azania Mosaka about the ancient city of Kweneng. You can hear the podcast of the interview at this link https://omny ...
    Posted Jan 15, 2019, 7:34 AM by Karim Sadr
  • Suikerbosrand archaeology on Dutch TV A short news clip about the archaeology at Suikerbosrand and its importance for the local Bakwena community was aired on Dutch national television. It can seen at this link https ...
    Posted Nov 25, 2018, 9:06 AM by Karim Sadr
  • BBC news clip on Suikerbosrand archaeology A short news video clip concerning the archaeology in the Suikerbosrand hills and its importance for the local Bakwena community was aired on BBC. It can be seen at this ...
    Posted Nov 25, 2018, 9:03 AM by Karim Sadr
  • Podcast on Suikerbosrand Karim Sadr was recently interviewd by Gillian Godsell on various aspects of the Tswana city-state at the foot of the Suikerbosrand massif. The podcast can be heard at this ...
    Posted Jun 8, 2018, 4:18 AM by Karim Sadr
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