Emergency Food for Babies

So you've prepared a contingency plan for all of the adults, but how about the most vulnerable of us?  I've had several people ask me lately about the best way to store food for babies that are not being nursed.  You might also want to think about storing food for babies that are being nursed, because just like real life, you may not always be with the baby when he/she is hungry.  Also, if the mother is on any type of reduced rations, she may not be able to nurse enough to satisfy the baby.  Anyway.....definitely something to think about.  Of course you can store formula as the first article here suggests, but in lieu of that, there is another article below that offers an option, although not an optimum option.  There are also several recipes for Emergency baby formula and baby food at the bottom of this page. 



*****It should go without saying, but I am NOT A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL.  You should do your own research and consult your pediatrician before making any final decisions on how to prepare for your infant's needs.*********




1st Article
INFANT FORMULA from LDS Preparedness Manual

While not universal, it’s safe to say that most folks interested in food storage are planning for families, real
or as yet hypothetical. Many of these families include children (or hope to) under the age of two. Very young children such as this have nutritional requirements that are different from adults and require somewhat different preparations than adults or even older children.  If at all possible, it’s best for children up to the age of six months to be breast fed by their mothers and up to the age of one year breast milk should contribute a signifi cant portion of the child’s nutritional intake. Indeed, breast feeding can supplement a child’s diet in an important way until age two. Even the American Academy of Pediatrics
now recognizes and recommends this. There are those who nurse even longer, but I mention this only as an
observation, not necessarily as a recommendation. For the preparedness-minded breast feeding makes particularly good sense as mama can consume a far wider range of storable foods than a baby can, and she can produce from those foods a nutrition source perfectly suited to her child.  Also in this same line, there is a useful document put out by the World Health Organization titled How to Breastfeed During an Emergency. It apparently is no longer hosted on any WHO sites so someone else has hosted it at:
http://athagan.members.atlantic.net/PFSFAQ/
Breastfeeding_in_an_emergency.html


It would be an excellent idea to print out a few copies and put them away. You never know who you might come across who’ll desperately such information should there come a Fall. 

ALTERNATIVES TO BREASTFEEDING
If breastfeeding should not be a viable option you’ll need to find another source of infant nutrition. I
STRONGLY RECOMMEND AGAINST USING HOME-MADE INFANT FORMULAS AS A SOLE SOURCE OF NUTRITION FOR A BABY. If you know you’re going to have a nursing infant on your hands, if and when the balloon should go up, you should take steps in advance of the crisis to put away a suitable food supply for the child. Young children have nutritional needs that are different from those of adults or even older children. Lacking human breast milk, you should put by a store of commercially made infant formula. Evaporated milk, dry milk, sweetened condensed milk, goat’s milk and all the rest can be an important supplement for children over the age of six months, particularly over one year of age. For children under six months of age these products simply do not contain suffi cient amounts of the appropriate nutrients
to provide adequate nutrition when used as the sole source of sustenance. As for soy milk, there are considerable important differences in soy nutritional content compared to cow’s milk which is to say nothing of human milk.  Soy milk alone is simply not nutritious enough to serve as a sole source of nutrition for children under the age of six months and should not be used as more than a supplement for children over six months of age.  This does not apply to commercially made soy protein infant formula which is a very different product than soy milk.

SELECTING AND FEEDING AN INFANT FORMULA
If the child you’re concerned with is already on the scene then you probably already know which formula
you need to put away. Unless instructed against doing so by your doctor, my only suggestion here is to make sure the formula has iron in it. The problems of iron in formulas from the nineteen fifties and sixties have long ago been solved and young children very much need this nutrient.  If you feel the need to store formula in advance for a child not yet on the scene (or who is only a contingency to plan against) I suggest storing one of the cow’s milk based lactose-free formulas. Two brand names that will work well are “Lactofree” from Mead Johnson and “Similac Lactose Free” from Ross Laboratories. Lactose is the sugar found in milk and an inability to properly digest lactose is the most common source of infant formula
feeding problems. Of course, there is the remote chance the child could have a true allergy to cow’s milk protein, but the child could be allergic to soy protein too. It’s been known to happen for a child to be allergic to both at the same time. There is no absolute certainty in preparedness, but you can plan for the most likely problems which is why I suggest storing lactose free cow’s milk formula.  Unless you store only disposable bottles and “ready to feed” formula, don’t forget that both reconstituting formula from dry powder or liquid concentrates and washing feeding equipment requires the use of clean, safe drinking water. You’ll need to carefully examine your water storage in this regard.

STORING INFANT FORMULAS AND BABY FOODS
Storing infant formula and baby food is easy.  Infant foods are one of the few areas in which the (US) Federal government regulates shelf life labeling. All containers of infant formula and baby food should have a clear “best used by” or similar date somewhere on the container which is generally longer than a child will require such food. Unopened containers of formula should be stored the same way you would keep dry milk, in a dark, cool, dry place and used before the date on the container is reached. Opened containers of dry formula powder should be used within one month of opening and the contents should be kept bone
dry, cool and in the dark.  If it hasn’t been needed by the time the expiration date begins to near it’s an excellent idea to donate the infant formula to a nursing infant or organization like a food bank that can put it to use before it



2nd Article
Emergency Food For Babies by DrumRunner

Infants and very small children would be the first victims of starvation during and after a pandemic, unless special preparations are made on their behalf. They need foods that are more concentrated and less rough. Most American mothers do not nurse their infants, and if a family's supply of baby foods were exhausted the parents might experience the agony of seeing their baby slowly starve. Under unsanitary conditions, it is safer to make a formula 3 times a day. To do so, add 1/3 cup plus 2 teaspoons (a little less than one ounce) of instant nonfat milk powder to 1-1/3 cups (2/3 pint) of boiled water, and stir thoroughly. Then add 1 tablespoon (about 1/3 ounce, or 9 grams) of vegetable oil and 2 teaspoons of sugar, and stir. (If regular bakers' milk powder is used, 1/4 cup is enough when making one-third of the daily formula, 3 times a day.) If baby bottles are not at hand, milk can be spoon-fed to an infant.  During a crisis, the best and most dependable food for an infant is mother's milk provided the mother is assured an adequate diet. The possibility of disaster is one more reason why a mother should nurse her baby for a full year. Storing additional high-protein foods and fats for a nursing mother usually will be better insurance against
her infant getting sick or starving than keeping adequate stocks of baby foods and the equipment necessary for sanitary feeding after evacuation or an attack.  To give a daily vitamin supplement to a baby, a multivitamin pill should be crushed to a fine powder between two spoons and dissolved in a small amount of fluid, so that the baby can easily swallow it. If an infant does not receive adequate amounts of vitamins A, D, and C, he will develop deficiency symptoms in 1 to 3 months, depending on the amounts stored in his body. Vitamin C deficiency, the first to appear, can be prevented by giving an infant 15 mg of vitamin C each day (about 1/3 of a 50-mg vitamin C tablet, pulverized) or customary foods containing vitamin C, such as orange juice.  Lacking these sources, the juice squeezed from sprouted grains or legumes can be used. If no vitamin pills or foods rich in vitamin D are available, exposure of the baby's skin to sunlight will cause his body to produce vitamin D. If sufficient milk is not obtainable, even infants younger than six months should be given solid food. Solid foods for babies must be pureed to a fine texture. Using a modern baby food grinder makes pureeing quick and easy work. Under crisis conditions, a grinder should be cleaned and disinfected like other baby-feeding utensils, as described later in this section. Several expedient methods are available: the food can be pressed through a sieve, mashed with a fork or spoon, or squeezed through a porous cloth. Good sanitation must be maintained; all foods should be brought to a boil after pureeing to insure that the food is safe from bacteria.  A pureed solid baby food can be made by first boiling together 3 parts of a cereal grain and 1 part of beans until they are soft. Then the mixture should be pressed through a sieve. The sieve catches the tough hulls from the grain kernels and the skins from the beans. The grain-beans combination will provide needed calories and a well supplemented protein. The beans also supply the additional iron that a baby needs by the time he is 6 months old. Flours made from whole grains or beans, as previously described, also can be used; however, these may contain more rough material. Some grains are preferable to others. It is easier to sieve cooked corn kernels than cooked wheat kernels. Since wheat is the grain most likely to cause allergies, it should not be fed to an infant until he is 6 to 7 months old if other grains, such as rice or corn, are available. Small children also need more protein
than can be supplied by grains alone.  As a substitute for milk, some bean food should be provided at every meal. If the available diet is deficient in a concentrated energy source such as fat or sugar, a child's feedings should be increased to 4 or 5 times a day, to enable him to assimilate more. Whenever possible, a small child should have a daily diet that contains at least one ounce of fat (3 tablespoons, without scraping the spoon). This would provide more than 10% of a young child's calories in the form of fat, which would be beneficial.  If under emergency conditions it is not practical to boil infant feeding utensils, they can be sterilized with a bleach solution. Add one teaspoon of ordinary household bleach to a quart of water. (Ordinary household bleach contains 5.25% sodium hypochlorite as its only active ingredient and supplies approximately 5% available chlorine. If the strength of the bleach is unknown, add 3 teaspoons per quart.) Directions for safe feeding without boiling follow:
Utensils
1. Immediately after feeding, wash the inside and outside of all utensils used to prepare the formula and to
feed the infant.
2. Fill a covered container with clean, cold water and add the appropriate amount of chlorine bleach.
3. Totally immerse all utensils until the next feeding (3 or 4 hours). Be sure that the bottle, if used, is filled
with bleach solution. Keep container covered.
At feeding time: Wash hands before preparing food. Remove utensils from the disinfectant chlorine solution and drain, but do not rinse or dry. Prepare formula; feed the baby. Immediately after feeding: Wash utensils in clean water and immerse again in the disinfectant solution. Prepare fresh chlorine solution each day.



Emergency Baby Formula
1/4 cup dry milk, 1TBSP oil, 1 1/3 cup boiled water, 2tsp sugar
Cool Boiled water to warm before adding ingredients.  Combine milk and sugar and then stir into warm water.  Beat until lump free. (soaking overnight will soften lumps)  Mix in oil.  If baby bottles are not available, formula can be spoon fed.

Emergency Baby Food
1/4 cup cooked beans, 3/4 cup cooked rice
1tsp oil, pinch salt, additional liquid if needed
Cook beans and rice until very soft.  Puree beans and rice together adding liquid as needed.  Liquid may be reconstituted dry milk, water drained from cooked beans, rice, or tap water (it must be clean water!!) Add salt.  Reheat to insure food safety.  Sweeten for a flavor change.  This mixture will provide good protein and iron, as well as calories.  This can be fed to babies under 6 months if adequate milk is not available, but it must be pureed to a fine texture so their body can utilize the nutrients more efficiently. 

Creamy Oats Baby Cereal
4 TBSP water, 1tsp dry milk, pinch of salt,
1tsp sugar, 1TBSP powdered oats

Powder oats in a blender or a grinder.  Combine water, salt and oats and bring to a boil.  Cook 2-3 minutes over medium heat.  Mix together dry milk and sugar; stir into oat mixture.  Remove from heat, cover and set aside 5 minutes.  Can be thinned further with milk, fruit juice, or more water.  Ideal for babies or sick people.

Baby Teething Biscuits
1 cup water, 2 2/3 TBSP sugar,
4TBSP oil, 1tsp salt, 2 1/3 cup whole wheat flour
Combine water, oil, sugar and salt.  Add flour and mix well.  Dust hands with flour and roll dough into rods 3" - 4" long by 1/2" around.  Bake at 325 degrees for 20 minutes or until hard and lightly browned.  Babies under one year should not be fed wheat if it can possibly be avoided.  Rice and bean flours might be added in tiny amounts for increased nutrition.


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