Night-Sky Objects for Southern Observers

Revised and improved, Night-Sky Objects 3 is a collection of maps and interesting target objects for southern observers. The limit of observation to the north is +55 degrees.
Most of the well known visual objects for southern observers have been included. 
Maps have been designed to be the "right way up" for southern observers facing north. 
Each map and its object data has been formatted to print on the same A4 page with a minimum of colour printing. All maps have a white background.

Night-Sky Objects was made available on this website in January 2009.
Night-Sky Objects 2 was an updated version made available in July 2010.
Night-Sky Objects 3 is the latest update. Made available in December 2013.

To encourage education and interest in astronomy, the document may be freely reproduced.

The current version has 64 constellations, their maps and objects for southern astronomers.
Constellations included are-
Andromeda, Aquarius, Aquila, Ara, Aries, Auriga, Bootes.
Cancer, Canes Venatici, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Capricornus, Carina, Centaurus, Cetus,
Columba, Coma Berenices, Corona Australis, Corona Borealis, Corvus, Crux, Cygnus.
Delphinus, Dorado, Eridanus, Fornax, Gemini, Grus, Hercules, Hydra, Hydrus.
Leo, Lepus, Libra, Lupus, Lyra, Monoceros, Musca, Norma, Ophiuchus, Orion.
Pavo, Pegasus, Perseus, Phoenix, Pisces, Piscis Austrinus, Puppis, Reticulum.
Sagitta, Sagittarius, Sculptor, Scorpius, Scutum, Serpens (Caput + Cauda), Sextans.
Taurus, Triangulum, Triangulum Australe, Tucana, Vela, Virgo, Volans, Vulpecula.

Night-Sky Objects for Southern Observers can be downloaded as the pdf file

Night Sky Objects 3 below.

The document and its maps look great on an iPad and can be opened in iBooks.

: ) Best wishes to all observers, Rob Horvat ( ).

Send any feedback to

The Galaxy and Planetary Nebula Supplement has been completely re-worked and is now called ...

The Galaxy and Planetary Nebula Observer's Guide.
This is now available in the Resources section of the WSAAG website (link above).

Sample page from Night-Sky Objects for Southern Observers

Click on image to enlarge.


epsilon (ε)             Enif. Magnitudes 2.5/ 8.7, separation 147. K2/ F8.

1                            Binary AB, magnitudes 4.2/ 7.6, separation 48. K1/K1.

M15 (NGC 7078)  Globular cluster, magnitude 6.2, diameter 18. Class 4. 


gamma (γ)             Almach. System A-BC, magnitudes 2.3// 5/ 6.3, separations 9.8 and 0.2.

                              Striking orange// blue pair, K3//B8. Orbital period BC is 63.7 years.

pi (π)                     Magnitudes 4.4/ 7, separation 36. B5/A6.

59                          Binary AB, magnitudes 6/ 6.7, separation 16. B9/A1.

M31                       (NGC 224) The Andromeda Galaxy. Largest member of the Local Group of galaxies, 

                              with magnitude 3.4, dimensions 190 x 60. SB 13.3.

                              Dwarf satellite galaxies M32 (NGC 221)/ M110 (NGC 205).

                              Magnitudes 8.1/ 8.1. Dimensions 9 x 7 and 20 x 12.

NGC 752               Open cluster, mag 5.7, size 45. Large, about 80 F-K class stars mags 8-12.5.

                              Brightest HD 11885, G7, mag 7.1 & HD 11720, K0, mag 8.1.

NGC 7662             Blue Snowball. Planetary nebula, magnitude 8.4, diameter 30.

                              About 26 from the magnitude 5.7 star 13 And. 


gamma (γ)             Binary AB, almost equal mags 4.5/ 4.6, sep 7.5. A1/B9. Period > 5000 years.

lambda (λ)             Binary AB, magnitudes 4.8/ 6.7, separation 37. F0/G0.


6                            Binary AB, mags 5.3/ 6.7, separation 3.8. G5/F6. Period > 2300 years.

M33 (NGC 598)     Triangulum Galaxy. Spiral galaxy, mag 5.7, dim 70 x 40. Low SB 14.1.